In telecommunication, an equivalent noise resistance is a quantitative representation in resistance units of the spectral density of a noise-voltage generator, given by ${\displaystyle R_{n}={\frac {\pi W_{n)){kT_{0))))$ where ${\displaystyle W_{n))$ is the spectral density, ${\displaystyle k}$ is the Boltzmann constant, ${\displaystyle T_{0))$ is the standard noise temperature (290 K), so ${\displaystyle kT_{0}=4.00\times 10^{-21}\,[Ws]}$.

Note: The equivalent noise resistance in terms of the mean-square noise-generator voltage, e2, within a frequency increment, Δ f, is given by

${\displaystyle R_{n}={\frac {e^{2)){4kT_{0}\,\Delta f)).}$

This article incorporates public domain material from Federal Standard 1037C. General Services Administration. Archived from the original on 2022-01-22.