Ernest Bonnejoy
Born1833 (1833)
Died1896 (aged 62–63)
OccupationPhysician and vegetarianism activist

Ernest Bonnejoy (1833 – 1896) was a French physician and vegetarianism activist.

Bonnejoy aimed to rationalize vegetarianism.[1] He favoured health over moral arguments. He argued meat was harmful for health and that vegetarianism could reverse the degeneration of the French population.[1][2] Historians have described Bonnejoy as the most influential French vegetarian in the 1880s and 1890s.[1][2][3]

His book Vegetarianism and the Rational Vegetarian Regime (1891) was influenced by the discoveries of Louis Pasteur and the then new germ theory of disease.[4] Bonnejoy promoted "muscular vegetarianism" to boost the immune system and improve public health.[4]

Bonnejoy was a member of the Sociéte Végétarienne de France (Vegetarian Society of France). He contributed to the Society's journal, La Reforme Alimentaire.[2]



  1. ^ a b c Thoms, Ulrike. (2017). Of Carnivores and Conquerors. In Elizabeth Neswald, David F. Smith, Ulrike Thoms. Setting Nutritional Standards: Theory, Policies, Practices: French Nutritional Debates in the Age of Empire, 1890-1914. University of Rochester Press. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-58046-576-2
  2. ^ a b c Crossley, Ceri. (2005). Consumable Metaphors: Attitudes towards Animals and Vegetarianism in Nineteenth-Century France. Peter Lang. pp. 243-244. ISBN 978-3039101900
  3. ^ Baubérot, Arnaud. (2008). Un projet de réforme hygiénique des modes de vie: naturistes et végétariens à la Belle Époque. French Politics, Culture & Society 26 (3): 1-22.
  4. ^ a b Puskar-Pasewicz, Margaret. (2010). Cultural Encyclopedia of Vegetarianism. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-313-37556-9