This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (June 2011) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Russian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Russian Wikipedia article at [[:ru:Кренкель, Эрнст Теодорович]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ru|Кренкель, Эрнст Теодорович)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
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Ernst Teodorovich Krenkel
Ernst Krenkel.jpg
Born24 December [O.S. 11 December] 1903
Died8 December 1971(1971-12-08) (aged 67)
OccupationGeographer, explorer
AwardsHero of the Soviet Union
E. Krenkel as Polar radio operator on the cover of Radiofront magazine. 1937
E. Krenkel as Polar radio operator on the cover of Radiofront magazine. 1937

Ernst Teodorovich Krenkel (Russian: Эрнст Теодо́рович Кре́нкель; 24 December [O.S. 11 December] 1903 in Białystok[1] – 8 December 1971 in Moscow) was a Soviet Arctic explorer, radio operator, doctor of geographical sciences (1938), and Hero of the Soviet Union (1938). Amateur radio callsigns: U3AA, UA3AA, RAEM.

Early life

Krenkel was born in Białystok,[citation needed] now Poland, to a German family.


Ernst Krenkel was a radioman on polar stations

He took part in Arctic expeditions on the Graf Zeppelin airship (1931), icebreaker Sibiryakov, steamship SS Chelyuskin (1933–1934, callsign RAEM). He was also a radioman on the first drifting ice station North Pole-1 (1937-1938, callsign UPOL).[2] He is known to have set a world record in January 1930 by establishing a long-distance, almost antipodal, radio communication between Franz Josef Land and Antarctica, between the most Northern and the most Southern polar sations of the world at that moment.

In 1938, Krenkel went on to work for Glavsevmorput. Later in his life he was employed in the radio industry. In 1951, he was hired by the scientific research institute of hydrometeorological instrument-making, becoming its director in 1969.

In 1968-1969 he participated in the 14th Soviet Antarctic Expedition as a head of cruise of the research vessel Professor Zubov to Antarctica to make rotation of the crews on the Soviet polar stations Mirny and Bellingshausen.

Ernst Krenkel was deputy of Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1937—1946), chairman of Radio Sport Federation of the Soviet Union, chairman of Philately Society of the Soviet Union.


He wrote a book of memoirs entitled My Callsign is RAEM (Russian: RAEM - мои позывные).


Krenkel died in 1971 and was interred at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

Awards and honours

Popular culture

See also


  1. ^ Кренкель Э. Т. RAEM — мои позывные. — Moscow: Советская Россия, 1973
  2. ^ "North Pole Drifting Stations (1930s-1980s)". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2012-01-08.

This article includes content derived from the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978, which is partially in the public domain.