Ernst Teodorovich Krenkel
|Born||24 December [O.S. 11 December] 1903|
|Died||8 December 1971 (aged 67)|
|Awards||Hero of the Soviet Union|
Ernst Teodorovich Krenkel (Russian: Эрнст Теодо́рович Кре́нкель; 24 December [O.S. 11 December] 1903 in Białystok – 8 December 1971 in Moscow) was a Soviet Arctic explorer, radio operator, doctor of geographical sciences (1938), and Hero of the Soviet Union (1938). Amateur radio callsigns: U3AA, UA3AA, RAEM.
Krenkel was born in Białystok, now Poland, to a German family.
Ernst Krenkel was a radioman on polar stations
He took part in Arctic expeditions on the Graf Zeppelin airship (1931), icebreaker Sibiryakov, steamship SS Chelyuskin (1933–1934, callsign RAEM). He was also a radioman on the first drifting ice station North Pole-1 (1937-1938, callsign UPOL). He is known to have set a world record in January 1930 by establishing a long-distance, almost antipodal, radio communication between Franz Josef Land and Antarctica, between the most Northern and the most Southern polar sations of the world at that moment.
In 1938, Krenkel went on to work for Glavsevmorput. Later in his life he was employed in the radio industry. In 1951, he was hired by the scientific research institute of hydrometeorological instrument-making, becoming its director in 1969.
In 1968-1969 he participated in the 14th Soviet Antarctic Expedition as a head of cruise of the research vessel Professor Zubov to Antarctica to make rotation of the crews on the Soviet polar stations Mirny and Bellingshausen.
Ernst Krenkel was deputy of Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1937—1946), chairman of Radio Sport Federation of the Soviet Union, chairman of Philately Society of the Soviet Union.
He wrote a book of memoirs entitled My Callsign is RAEM (Russian: RAEM - мои позывные).
Krenkel died in 1971 and was interred at the Novodevichy Cemetery.