St Mary's parish church
Location within Hertfordshire
Population580 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceTL275087
Civil parish
  • Essendon
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHatfield
Postcode districtAL9
Dialling code01707
AmbulanceEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°45′42″N 0°09′11″W / 51.7617°N 0.1531°W / 51.7617; -0.1531Coordinates: 51°45′42″N 0°09′11″W / 51.7617°N 0.1531°W / 51.7617; -0.1531

Essendon is a village and civil parish in Hertfordshire 6 miles (10 km), south-west of Hertford.

The village is on the B158 road 330 feet (100 m) above sea level and has a view of the Lea Valley to the north. Although on an ancient site, St Mary's parish church dates mainly from the 17th and 18th centuries and was restored in 1883. The west tower dates from the 15th century and has eight bells, the oldest cast in 1681.[2] The church contains an unusual Wedgwood ceramic font dated 1780 and several brasses and monuments.[3] In 1916 the east end of the church was damaged by a bomb dropped by the German Navy Zeppelin L-16; two sisters were killed.[4] There is a village pub named The Rose and Crown.

Historic houses in the parish include Camfield Place which was the home of the novelist Barbara Cartland and visited by Beatrix Potter. Nearby is Holwell Court, a Grade II listed building, built in about 1900 for Sir Ernest George; it is now converted to private apartments.

Essendon Place was the seat of the Barons Dimsdale of Russia; Thomas Dimsdale was an expert on the treatment of smallpox by inoculation and in 1768 he was invited to Russia to inoculate Catherine the Great. For his services there he was made a baron of the Russian Empire.[3]

Bedwell Park is another manor house near to the village and is also the site of Essendon Country Club golf club.[5] Bedwell End[6] was the home of Deneys Reitz, High Commissioner for the Union of South Africa, until his death on 19 October 1944.[7] At the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Boer War he joined the Boer forces at the age of seventeen and accompanied General J. C. Smuts on his famous raid in the Cape Colony, of which Reitz wrote in his autobiography, Commando.[8] In World War I, as a lieutenant-colonel, he commanded the 1st Royal Scots Fusiliers on the Western Front in France.[9]

In the early hours of the 2 and 3 September 1916 during World War I, Essendon was bombed by a Schütte-Lanz airship ('Zeppelin') returning from a bombing raid on London. Two sisters, Frances (26) and Eleanor (12) Bamford, daughters of the village blacksmith, were killed and a plaque commemorating the event is on the wall of the church.[10]

Essendon, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, is named after the village. Richard Green (1808-1878), whose father Isaac Green was either owner or tenant of Essendon watermill on the River Lea, arrived in Victoria in the 1850s and gave the name to the district.[11]

Notable people


  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 28 October 2016.
  2. ^ "Dove Details". Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Parishes: Essendon - British History Online". Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 August 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2011.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Mitchinson, Terry. "New facilities at Essendon Country Club golf course". Welwyn Hatfield Times. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ "No. 37150". The London Gazette. 26 June 1945. p. 3361.
  8. ^ "Reitz, Deneys". Dictionary of South African Biography. Vol. I. Human Sciences Research Council. 1981. p. 670. ISBN 0-409-09183-9.
  9. ^ "No. 31439". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 July 1919. p. 8589.
  10. ^ "Zeppelin Raids - Herts at War". Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  11. ^ Henry Bateson, "How Essendon got its Name", The Argus, 3 Feb 1934