Eulogio A. Rodriguez Sr.
Painting of Eulogio Rodriguez.png
7th and 10th President of the Senate of the Philippines
In office
January 25, 1954 – April 5, 1963
Preceded byJosé Zulueta
Succeeded byFerdinand Marcos
In office
April 30, 1952 – April 17, 1953
Preceded byCamilo Osías
Succeeded byCamilo Osías
Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce
In office
July 26, 1934 – 1938
Appointed byFrank Murphy (1934)
Manuel Quezon (1935)
Preceded byVicente Singson Encarnacion
Succeeded byBenigno Aquino Sr.
Senator of the Philippines
In office
December 30, 1949 – December 19, 1964
In office
July 5, 1945 – December 30, 1947
Member of the
Philippine House of Representatives
from Rizal's 2nd district
In office
1925–1928
Preceded byMariano Melendres
Succeeded bySantiago Luis
In office
1931–1935
Preceded bySantiago Luis
Succeeded byEmilio de la Paz
Member of the
Philippine House of Representatives
from Nueva Vizcaya's lone district
In office
February 1924 – May 1925
Preceded byDonya Theresita Sansano
Succeeded byAntonio G. Escamilla
5th Mayor of Manila
In office
January 5, 1940 – August 28, 1941
Vice MayorCarmen Planas
Preceded byJuan Posadas Jr.
Succeeded byJuan G. Nolasco
In office
July 17, 1923 – February 8, 1924
Appointed byLeonard Wood
Vice MayorJuan Posadas Jr.
Preceded byRamón Fernández
Succeeded byMiguel Romuáldez
Governor of Rizal
In office
1923–1925
Preceded byArcadio Santos
Succeeded byRuperto Martinez
In office
1916–1919
Preceded byMariano Melendres
Succeeded byAndres Gabriel
Municipal President of Montalban
In office
1906–1916
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byEusebio Manuel
Personal details
Born
Eulogio Adona Rodriguez

(1883-01-21)January 21, 1883
Montalban, Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines
DiedDecember 19, 1964(1964-12-19) (aged 81)
Pasay, Rizal, Philippines
NationalityFilipino
Political partyDemocrata (until 1933)
Nacionalista (1933–1964)
Spouse(s)Juana Santiago
Luisita Canóy
Pilar Leyba
Children10 (including Eulogio Jr. and Isidro)

Eulogio "Amang" Adona Rodriguez Sr. (January 21, 1883 – December 19, 1964) was a Filipino politician who twice served as President of the Senate of the Philippines.

Early life

Coming from a poor family, Rodriguez was born in Montalban (renamed Rodriguez in his honor), then part of Manila province on January 21, 1883 to Petronilo Rodriguez and Monica Adona. He first studied at the Spanish-run public school in Montalban, then took his secondary course at the Colegio de San Juan de Letran in Manila, where he completed his Bachelor of Arts in 1896. He then studied law under a private tutor. To help himself in his studies, he worked as a farmer.

Political career

Rodriguez as Senate President, c. 1960s
Rodriguez as Senate President, c. 1960s

Rodriguez first served as Municipal President of Montalban, Rizal from 1906–1916; became Governor of Rizal in June 1916; and was reelected in June 1922. He was appointed mayor of Manila by Governor General Leonard Wood on July 23, 1923, and later served as Representative of Nueva Vizcaya from February 1924 to May 1925. He became the Representative of the Second District of Rizal in 1925 and was reelected in 1931 and 1934. He was also appointed Secretary of Agriculture and Commerce by Governor Frank Murphy on July 26, 1934, re-appointed by President Manuel L. Quezon on November 15, 1935, and served as such until 1938. After his resignation as Mayor of Manila, he campaigned for a seat in the Senate and was elected senator in 1941. On May 20, 1953, he was elected Senate President, a position he occupied for the next ten years. As the third highest government official, he steered the Senate into greater heights in terms of legislation. He was replaced by then-Senator Ferdinand Marcos, then the Minority Floor Leader as Senate President in a leadership coup on 1963, ending his long leadership of the Upper Chamber.

Rodriguez started his political career as a Democrata or a member of the opposition party, and not until there was a general realignment of parties due to the divisive struggle over the approval of the Independence Law in 1933, did he switch to the majority or the Nacionalista Party, to which he remained faithful until the day of his death three decades later. He nursed the party during its darkest hours, and steered it successfully through the political reefs and typhoons that rocked the local scene, thus earning him the nickname "Mr. Nacionalista". Unlike many politicians of his time, he did not switch parties for personal convenience.

As a legislator, he always supported measures improving the lot of common man, for he knew that the upgrading of the masses was the best way of retaining democracy in the country. Many were sometimes politically at odds with him, but they always found him to be a reasonable opponent who played clean in a game known for its mendacity and unprincipled moves. A man of integrity, who played fair even with his opponents, and who could be generous in victory, Rodriguez was a man, a politician and a public official of sterling attributes.

Personal life

He had seven children by his first wife, Juana Santiago, namely Eulogio Jr., Jose, Ruperto, Leonor, Isidro, Constancio and Adelaida. With his second wife, Luisita Canoy, he had three children, namely, Adelaida (Baby), Erlinda and Rafael (Boy).

Death

He died on December 19, 1964 in Pasay, Philippines, at the age of 81.

Legacy

After Amang's death, Amang Rodriguez Memorial Medical Center, a private hospital in Marikina, was named after him.

Eulogio "Amang" Rodriguez Institute of Science and Technology was established in 1945 was named after him.

España Boulevard Extension in Manila and an avenue between Rosario and Dela Paz in Pasig were renamed in his honor, as well as the municipality of Montalban.

References