The European Conservatives Group and Democratic Alliance (EC/DA) is a conservative group in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. It was founded as the Group of Independent Representatives in 1970 by British and Scandinavian members of PACE. It has 76 members from countries including the UK, Austria, Norway, Denmark, Poland, Sweden and Italy. It was known as the European Democrats Group until its renaming in 2014, and the European Conservatives Group until 2019.

It is affiliated to the European Conservatives and Reformists Party and Identity and Democracy Party.

While it was only the third group to be founded in PACE (after the Socialist Group and the Christian Democrat Group), it was the first to have an official secretariat, which was established in 1977. On 6 July 1978, a proposal to rename the group was submitted, leading to the new name in September 1980.

For many years Vladimir Putin's United Russia party were members of the European Democrat Group.[1][2]

Membership

2021

As of June 2021, the European Conservatives Group and Democratic Alliance has the following members:

Country Party name Members Other affiliations
Europarty EU Parliament International
 Armenia Prosperous Armenia 2 ECR N/A None
 Austria Freedom Party of Austria 2 ID ID None
 Azerbaijan New Azerbaijan Party 4 None N/A CDI
 Belgium Vlaams Belang 2 ID ID None
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Patriots 2 ECR ECR None
 Croatia Bridge of Independent Lists 1 None None None
Homeland Movement 1 None None None
 Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party 2 ECR ECR IDU
Freedom and Direct Democracy 1 ID ID None
 Denmark Danish People's Party 1 None ID None
 Estonia Conservative People's Party of Estonia 1 ID ID None
 Finland Finns Party 2 None ID None
 Georgia Alliance of Patriots of Georgia 1 None N/A None
 Germany Alternative for Germany 4 None ID None
 Greece Greek Solution 1 None ECR None
 Hungary Fidesz 7 None NI IDU, CDI
 Italy Brothers of Italy 2 ECR ECR None
Lega per Salvini Premier/Lega Nord 8 ID ID None
 Lithuania Electoral Action of Poles in Lithuania – Christian Families Alliance 1 ECR ECR None
 Moldova Șor Party 1 ECR N/A None
 Netherlands Forum for Democracy 1 ECR ECR None
 Norway Progress Party 2 None N/A None
 Poland Law and Justice 12 ECR ECR None
 Romania Alliance for the Union of Romanians 2 None None None
 Serbia Enough is Enough 1 ECR N/A None
 Slovakia Freedom and Solidarity 2 ECR ECR None
 Spain Vox 1 ECR ECR None
 Sweden Sweden Democrats 2 ECR ECR None
 Ukraine Servant of the People 3 None N/A None
Petro Poroshenko Bloc 1 None N/A None
 United Kingdom Conservative Party 12 ECR N/A IDU
Democratic Unionist Party 1 None N/A None

2014

As of 23 October 2014, the European Conservatives had the following members:[3]

Country Party name Members Other affiliations
Europarty EU Parliament International
 Armenia Prosperous Armenia 2 AECR N/A None
 Armenia Republican Party of Armenia (part)[A] 1 None N/A None
 Azerbaijan New Azerbaijan Party 4 None N/A None
 Czech Republic Civic Democratic Party 2 AECR ECR IDU
 Denmark Danish People's Party 1 None ECR None
 Greece Independent Greeks 1 None ECR None
 Iceland Independence Party 2 AECR N/A IDU
 Norway Progress Party 2 None N/A None
 Poland Law and Justice 7 AECR ECR None
 Poland United Poland 1 MELD No MEPs None
 Turkey Justice and Development Party (part)[B] 13 AECR N/A None
 Turkey Nationalist Movement Party[C] 1 None N/A None
 Ukraine Party of Regions (part)[D] 4 None N/A None
 Ukraine Sovereign European Ukraine 1 None N/A None
 United Kingdom Conservative Party 17 AECR ECR IDU
 United Kingdom Democratic Unionist Party 1 None NI None
^A One of the three members of the Republican Party of Armenia sit with the EC Group. The other two members sit with the European People's Party.
^B Eleven of the thirteen members of the Justice and Development Party sit with the EC Group. One sits with the European People's Party and one sits with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
^C One of the two members of the Nationalist Movement Party sits with the EC Group.
^D Four of the seven members of Party of Regions sit with the EC Group. Two sit with the Socialist Group and one sits with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.

Unaffiliated members: Ganira Pashayeva, Yuliya L'Ovochkina

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ "The Corleones of the Caspian". Foreign Policy. 10 June 2014.
  2. ^ "How Kremlin got diplomats to woo Tories". The Guardian. 30 November 2012.
  3. ^ "European Conservatives Group". Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. 23 October 2014.

References