Allegiance European Union
TypeRapid reaction force
Size12,000 (1995)[2]
North Macedonia

The European Rapid Operational Force (EUROFOR) was a multinational rapid reaction force composed of forces from four states of the European Union: Italy, France, Portugal and Spain.[1] It had a permanent staff capable of commanding operations, involving commitments of up to a Light Division in size. Eurofor was formed in May 1995 in Lisbon, and was answerable to the Western European Union (WEU) directly.[2] It was tasked with performing Petersberg tasks, including humanitarian, peacekeeping and peace enforcement missions. With the merger of several WEU elements into the European Union, Eurofor had by and large become part of the Common Security and Defence Policy. It was eventually transformed into an EU Battlegroup and was on standby from 1 July until 31 December 2011.[3] On 2 July 2012, Eurofor was dissolved.[1]


The ribbon bar of the Eurofor Service Medal
The ribbon bar of the Eurofor Service Medal

Eurofor has been involved in three deployments:[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d "Army Report 2012 (p. 23)" (PDF). Italian Army website. Ministry of Defence of Italy. 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Theo Koele (19 May 1995). "Weu wapent zich tegen Noordafrikaanse invasie". Trouw. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  3. ^ Miguel Machado (19 October 2010). "Eurofor European Union Battle Group 2011-2". Retrieved 7 July 2015.