|Eurovision Song Contest 1976|
|Final||3 April 1976|
The Hague, Netherlands
|Musical director||Jan Stulen|
|Directed by||Theo Ordeman|
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Executive producer||Fred Oster|
|Host broadcaster||Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS)|
|Interval act||The Dutch Swing College Band|
|Number of entries||18|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 points to their 10 favourite songs|
|Nul points in final||None|
|Winning song|| United Kingdom|
"Save Your Kisses for Me"
The Eurovision Song Contest 1976 was the 21st edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in The Hague, Netherlands, following the country's victory at the 1975 contest with the song "Ding-a-dong" by Teach-In. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Nederlandse Omroep Stichting (NOS), the contest was held at the Nederlands Congrescentrum on Saturday 3 April 1976 and was hosted by previous Dutch winner Corry Brokken.
Eighteen countries took part in the contest with Sweden, Malta and Turkey opting not to return to the contest after participating the previous year. Malta would not return to the contest again until 1991. On the other hand, Austria and Greece returned to the competition, having been absent since 1972 and 1974 respectively.
United Kingdom won this year with the song "Save Your Kisses for Me" by Brotherhood of Man. The song went on to become the biggest selling winning single in the history of the contest and won with 80.39% of the possible maximum score and an average of 9.65 of 12; a record under the voting system introduced in 1975.
The Hague is the seat of government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the capital city of the province of South Holland. It is also the third-largest city in the Netherlands, after Amsterdam and Rotterdam. Located in the west of the Netherlands, The Hague is in the centre of the Haaglanden conurbation and lies at the southwest corner of the larger Randstad conurbation. The contest took place at the Congresgebouw (presently known as the World Forum). The venue was constructed in 1969.
As with the Dutch hosted contest of 1970, each song was introduced by a pre-recorded film of the performing artist on location in their home nation. Unlike the 1970 films, the Dutch broadcaster made all of the films themselves, sending a crew to each nation to capture the footage. Both the artists from Monaco and Luxembourg were filmed in their respective nations, despite again not being from the country they were representing. Each film was preceded by an animated insert featuring the flags of the eighteen participating nations and ended with a profile shot of the artists.
The interval act was The Dutch Swing College Band led by Peter Schilperoort, who performed live on the stage, intercut with brief interviews with the artists from France, Israel, Austria, Belgium and Spain backstage in the green room conducted by Hans van Willigenburg. Willigenburg asked each of the five artists which song they thought would win, but only French singer Catherine Ferry was willing to give a definite answer; correctly predicting the United Kingdom.
The scoring system introduced in the previous year's competition returned in 1976. Each jury voted internally and awarded 12 points to the highest scoring song, 10 to the second highest, then 8 to the third, and then 7 to 1 (from fourth to tenth best song, according to the jury). Unlike today, the points were not given in order (from 1 up to 12), but in the order the songs were performed. The current procedure was not established until 1980 (also held in The Hague).
Further information: List of countries in the Eurovision Song Contest
Sweden, Malta and Turkey all decided not to participate this year, while Austria and Greece returned to the contest, making for eighteen participating countries.
Sweden did not enter the contest as broadcaster Sveriges Radio (SR) did not have enough money to host another contest if Sweden should win again. A new rule was therefore introduced that in the future each participating broadcaster would have to pay a part of the cost of staging the contest. As the author and historian John Kennedy O'Connor notes in his book The Eurovision Song Contest – The Official History, there had been public demonstrations in Sweden against the contest, which also played a part in SR's decision not to take part.
Each performance had a conductor who led the orchestral accompaniment.
|Fredi (Along with "The Friends")||Finland||1967|
|Anneli Koivisto (As part of "The Friends")||Finland||1971 (as part of Koivistolaiset)|
|Peter, Sue and Marc||Switzerland||1971|
|Corry Brokken (as presenter)||1956, 1957, 1958|
|Anne-Karine Strøm||Norway||1973 (as part of Bendik Singers)|
1974 (Along with Bendik Singers)
The following tables reflect the officially verified scores given by each jury, adjusted after the transmission. During the live broadcast, France failed to announce the 4 points they awarded to Yugoslavia, an error overlooked by the scrutineer, Clifford Brown. Thus in the live show, Norway were placed 17th and Yugoslavia 18th. After the broadcast, the scores were adjusted and the two nations swapped places, with Yugoslavia's score being adjusted from 6 to 10 points, moving Norway down to last place.
In terms of points gained as a percentage of maximum available, the winning UK entry from Brotherhood of Man is statistically the most successful winning Eurovision entry since the introduction of the 'douze points' scoring system inaugurated in 1975.[N 1]
|01||United Kingdom||Brotherhood of Man||"Save Your Kisses for Me"||English||1||164|
|02||Switzerland||Peter, Sue and Marc||"Djambo, Djambo"||English||4||91|
|03||Germany||Les Humphries Singers||"Sing Sang Song"||German, English||15||12|
|04||Israel||Chocolate, Menta, Mastik||"Emor Shalom" (אמור שלום)||Hebrew||6||77|
|05||Luxembourg||Jürgen Marcus||"Chansons pour ceux qui s'aiment"||French||14||17|
|06||Belgium||Pierre Rapsat||"Judy et Cie"||French||8||68|
|08||Netherlands||Sandra Reemer||"The Party's Over"||English||9||56|
|09||Norway||Anne-Karine Strøm||"Mata Hari"||English||18||7|
|10||Greece||Mariza Koch||"Panagia mou, Panagia mou" (Παναγιά μου, Παναγιά μου)||Greek||13||20|
|11||Finland||Fredi and the Friends||"Pump-Pump"||English||11||44|
|12||Spain||Braulio||"Sobran las palabras"||Spanish||16||11|
|13||Italy||Al Bano and Romina Power||"We'll Live It All Again"||English, Italian||7||69|
|14||Austria||Waterloo and Robinson||"My Little World"||English||5||80|
|15||Portugal||Carlos do Carmo||"Uma flor de verde pinho"||Portuguese||12||24|
|16||Monaco||Mary Christy||"Toi, la musique et moi"||French||3||93|
|17||France||Catherine Ferry||"Un, deux, trois"||French||2||147|
|18||Yugoslavia||Ambasadori||"Ne mogu skriti svoju bol" (Не могу скрити своју бол)||Serbo-Croatian||17||10|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|N.||Contestant||Nation(s) giving 12 points|
|7||United Kingdom||Belgium, Greece, Israel, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland|
|5||France||Austria, Germany, Monaco, Netherlands, Yugoslavia|
Listed below is the order in which votes were cast during the 1976 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country.
Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language.
|Belgium||RTB||French: Georges Désir|||
|BRT||Dutch: Luc Appermont|||
|RTB La Première||French: TBC|
|BRT Radio 1||Dutch: Nand Baertand Jan Theys|
|Finland||YLE TV1||Vesa Nuotio|||
|Radio France||Patrice Laffont|
|Germany||Deutsches Fernsehen||Werner Veigel|||
|Deutschlandfunk/Bayern 2||Wolf Mittler|
|RTÉ Radio||Liam Devally|
|Israel||Israeli Television||No commentator|
|Italy||Rete 1 and Rai Radio 2||Silvio Noto|
|Luxembourg||RTL Télé Luxembourg||Jacques Navadic|
|Monaco||Télé Monte Carlo||Hélène Vida|
|Netherlands||Nederland 2||Willem Duys|||
|Hilversum 3||Willem van Beusekom|||
|NRK P1||Erik Heyerdahl|
|Portugal||I Programa||Eládio Clímaco|
|RDP Programa 1||Amadeu Meireles|
|Spain||Primera Cadena||José Luis Uribarri|||
|Switzerland||TV DRS||German: Theodor Haller|
|TSR||French: Georges Hardy|||
|TSI||Italian: Giovanni Bertini|
|United Kingdom||BBC1||Michael Aspel|||
|BBC Radio 2||Terry Wogan|||
|BFBS Radio||Andrew Pastouna and Richard Astbury|||
|Yugoslavia||TVB 1||Serbian: Milovan Ilić|
|TVZ 1||Croatian: Oliver Mlakar|
|TVL 1||Slovene: Tomaž Terček|
|Denmark||DR TV||Claus Toksvig|
|Hong Kong||TVB Jade (delayed broadcast on 17 April 1976)||Unknown|||
|TVB Pearl (delayed broadcast on 5 and 6 April 1976)||Unknown|||
|RTV RTV-1 (delayed broadcast on 6 and 21 April 1976)||Unknown|||
|RTV RTV-2 (delayed broadcast on 5 and 17 April 1976)||Unknown|||
|Sweden||SR P3||Ursula Richter|||
|Turkey||Ankara Television||Bülend Özveren|||