Eutelsat I F-5
NamesECS-5
European Communications Satellite-5
Eutelsat 5
Mission typeCommunications
OperatorESA / Eutelsat
COSPAR ID1988-063B Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.19331
Websitehttps://www.eutelsat.com/en/home.html
Mission duration7 years (planned)
12 years (achieved)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftECS-5
Spacecraft typeECS
BusECS-Bus
ManufacturerBritish Aerospace
Launch mass1,185 kg (2,612 lb) [1]
Dry mass500 kg (1,100 lb)
Dimensions1.9 m x 1.4 m x 2.3 m
Span on orbit: 13.8 m
Power1 kW
Start of mission
Launch date21 July 1988, 23:12:00 UTC[2]
RocketAriane 3 (V24)
Launch siteCentre Spatial Guyanais, ELA-1
ContractorArianespace
Entered serviceSeptember 1988
End of mission
DisposalGraveyard orbit
DeactivatedAugust 2000
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[3]
RegimeGeostationary orbit
Longitude10° East (1988–1991)
21.5° East (1991–1998)
12.5° West (1999)
14.8° West (1999–2000)
4° East (2000) [1]
Transponders
Band12 Ku-band
Bandwidth72 MHz
Coverage areaEurope
Eutelsat II F-1 →
 

Eutelsat I F-5, also known as European Communications Satellite-5 (ECS-5) is a decommissioned communications satellite operated by the European Telecommunications Satellite Organisation (Eutelsat). Launched in 1988, it was operated in geostationary orbit at a longitude of 10° East, before moving to several other locations later in its operational life, before it was finally decommissioned in 2000. It was the fifth of five satellites launched to form the first-generation Eutelsat constellation. First Eutelsat satellite to provide transatlantic connectivity.

History

The European Telecommunications Satellite Organization (Eutelsat) has been servicing the European Economic Community (CEE) since 1977, being formally established by a multi-lateral agreement in 1985. In 1979, European Space Agency (ESA) agreed to design, build, and launch five ECS (European Communications Satellite) spacecraft to be assumed by Eutelsat after on-orbit testing.[4]

The Eutelsat I series of satellites was developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) as part of the European Communications Satellite (ECS) programme. Once launched and checked out in a geostationary orbit over Europe, each satellite was handed to Eutelsat for commercial operations. Four Eutelsat I satellites were successfully launched between 1983 and 1988 (1983, 1984, 1987, and 1988). They served both public and private traffic, including telephone services, fax, data, land mobile service, and television and radio programming. Each had a design life of 7 years and a bandwidth of 72 MHz.[5] ECS-3 was lost in an Ariane 3 launch accident in 1985.

Satellite description

The ECS-5 spacecraft, had a mass at launch of 1,185 kg (2,612 lb).[5] Constructed by British Aerospace, it was designed to be operated for seven years and carried 12 Ku-band transponders, two of which were set aside as spares.[4] It also only had partial eclipse protection, requiring some channels to be turned off during eclipse periods around the spring and autumn equinoxes.[1] The satellite contained a Mage-2 solid rocket motor to perform orbit circularisation at apogee.[4]

Launch

ECS-5 was launched by Arianespace, using an Ariane 3 launch vehicle, flight number V24. The launch took place at 23:12:00 UTC on 21 July 1988, from ELA-1 at Centre Spatial Guyanais, at Kourou, French Guiana.[2] Successfully deployed into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO), ECS-4 raised itself into an operational geostationary orbit using its apogee motor.

Mission

Following commissioning operations conducted by the European Space Agency (ESA), the Eutelsat I F-5 satellite was moved to its operational orbital position at 10° East, entering service in November 1987. The satellite was decommissioned in August 2000.[6] It is in a graveyard orbit.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Eutelsat I F5". The Satellite Encyclopedia. Tag Broadcasting Services. 28 February 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Report. 14 March 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  3. ^ "EUTELSAT 1-F5 (ECS 5)". N2YO.com. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b c Krebs, Gunter (21 July 2019). "ECS 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 (Eutelsat-1 F1, 2, 4, 5)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Display: EUTELSAT 5 1988-063B". NASA. 13 April 2021. Retrieved 20 April 2021. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  6. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Geostationary Orbit Catalog". Jonathan's Space Report. Archived from the original on 9 September 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2014.