Ex-ex-gay people are those who formerly participated in the ex-gay movement in an attempt to change their sexual orientation to heterosexual, but who then later went on to publicly state they had a non-heterosexual sexual orientation.[1][2]

Organizations in the ex-gay movement such as Exodus International offer conversion therapy, with the claim that an LGBT person's involvement in the programming can change their sexual orientation to heterosexual.[3] This type of programming is opposed by major medical organizations in the US, including The National Association of Social Workers, The American Psychological Association, The American Psychiatric Association, The American Counseling Association, and The American Academy of Pediatrics.[4] The American Psychiatric Association describes conversion therapy as ineffective at changing sexual orientation, and as harmful to the LGBT person's well-being.[5][6] It is also opposed by the United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy, who issued a joint leaflet with the British Psychoanalytic Council, the Royal College of Psychiatrists, the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy, the British Psychological Society, Pink Therapy, The National Counselling Society and LGBT rights group Stonewall against such practices.[7][8]

Three publicly ex-ex-gay people are Günter Baum, Peterson Toscano and Christine Bakke. In April 2007, Toscano and Bakke founded Beyond Ex-Gay, an on-line resource for ex-ex gays. In June 2007, together with Soulforce and the LGBT Resource Center at University of California, Irvine organized the first-ever Ex-Gay Survivor Conference.

In 1979, Exodus International's co-founder Michael Bussee and his partner, Gary Cooper, quit the group and held a life commitment ceremony together.[9] On June 27, 2007, Bussee, along with fellow former Exodus leaders Jeremy Marks and Darlene Bogle, issued a public apology for their roles in Exodus.[10] Exodus disbanded as an organization on June 20, 2013.

People who no longer support the ex-gay movement

See also


  1. ^ "Journal; Lott's Lesbian Ally Frank Rich". The New York Times. July 22, 1998. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
  2. ^ Holland, Gale (1998-08-19). "Seeking the Heterosexual Within - Page 2 - News - Los Angeles". LAWeekly.com. LA Weekly. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  3. ^ "Ex-Ex-Gay Reparations". Thestranger.com. 2006-06-22. Archived from the original on 2013-10-22. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  4. ^ "Just the Facts about Sexual Orientation & Youth: A Primer for Principals, Educators & School Personnel". Apa.org. 2007-02-23. Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  5. ^ "COPP Position Statement on Therapies Focused on Attempts to Change Sexual Orientation (Reparative or Conversion Therapies)". psych.org. March 2000. Archived from the original on February 23, 2004. "...the American Psychiatric Association opposes any psychiatric treatment, such as 'reparative' or conversion therapy, which is based upon the assumption that homosexuality per se is a mental disorder or based upon the a priori assumption that a patient should change his/her sexual homosexual orientation...
  6. ^ "Sexuality". Apa.org. Archived from the original on 2015-08-23. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  7. ^ "Conversion therapy: Consensus statement" (PDF). healthylives.stonewall.org.uk. The United Kingdom Council for Psychotherapy. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  8. ^ "Reparative Therapy". healthylives.stonewall.org.uk. Stonewall. Archived from the original on 8 July 2014. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  9. ^ a b Their story is one of the foci of the documentary One Nation Under God (1993), directed by Teodoro Maniaci and Francine Rzeznik.
  10. ^ "Apology from Former Ex-Gay Leaders". beyondexgay.com. June 27, 2007. Archived from the original on December 20, 2007. Retrieved January 6, 2009. As former leaders of ex-gay ministries, we apologize to those individuals and families who believed our message that there is something inherently wrong with being gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender. Some who heard our message were compelled to try to change an integral part of themselves, bringing harm to themselves and their families. Although we acted in good faith, we have since witnessed the isolation, shame, fear, and loss of faith that this message creates. We apologize for our part in the message of broken truth we spoke on behalf of Exodus and other organizations. We call on other former ex-gay leaders to join the healing and reconciliation process by adding their names to this apology. We encourage current leaders of ex-gay programs to have the courage to evaluate the fruit of their programs. We ask them to consider the long-term effects of their ministry.
  11. ^ Simon, Stephanie (18 June 2007). "Approaching agreement in debate over homosexuality; More conservative Christians say being gay isn't a choice that can be changed by prayer". Los Angeles Times.
  12. ^ Bussee, Michael (June 27, 2007). "Apology from Former Ex-Gay Leaders". beyondexgay.com. Archived from the original on December 12, 2007. Retrieved January 6, 2009.
  13. ^ Gresham, Benjamin (October 31, 2010). "Christian, happy and gay. Yes, it's possible!". SX News. Evolution Publishing. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010.
  14. ^ "Reconciling Sexuality & Faith: Ben Gresham's Story", ABC television's Hack Half Hour, February 27, 2009
  15. ^ Gutierrez, Noe (2008-05-16). "Noe Gutierrez: What I Learned From Ex-Gay Ministry". exgaywatch.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  16. ^ Brydum, Sunnivie (2013-04-24). "John Paulk Formally Renounces, Apologizes for Harmful 'Ex-Gay' Movement". Advocate.com. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  17. ^ "Ministry seeks to lead away from gay life". Arizona Daily Star. 1997-11-08. Archived from the original on 2018-10-11. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
  18. ^ Wayne Besen (2011-10-12). "Former 'Ex-Gay' Activist Admits Gay People Don't Change". Falls Church News-Press. Archived from the original on 2011-10-15. Retrieved 2011-10-13.
  19. ^ "Anthony Venn-Brown: Book". Gayambassador1.blogspot.com.au. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  20. ^ "Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Trans & Intersex from Christian backgrounds". freedom2b. 2013-09-16. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  21. ^ "Ambassadors & Bridge Builders International: Five of Australia's Ex-gay Leaders Change Perspective – But why has it taken so long?". Gayambassador.blogspot.com.au. Archived from the original on 2013-10-17. Retrieved 2013-10-17.
  22. ^ Venn-Brown, Anthony (July 23, 2012). "Ex-gay Away". Gay News Network. Archived from the original on July 25, 2012.
  23. ^ "Conversion therapy crusader has something to say: He's gay". NBC. Associated Press. 2019-09-03. Retrieved 2019-09-03.
  24. ^ Goldstein, Joelle (24 September 2019). "Conversion Therapy Founder Comes Out Publicly as Gay After 20 Years of Leading Homophobic Program". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  25. ^ McKrae Game." Newsmakers Online, Gale, 2019. Gale In Context: Biography, https://link.gale.com/apps/doc/K1618007025/BIC?u=wikipedia&sid=BIC&xid=3f2c61f1. Accessed 27 Jan. 2020
  26. ^ Julie Compton (2019-01-23). "Once-prominent 'conversion therapist' will now 'pursue life as a gay man'". NBC. Retrieved 2019-09-03.