Purvanchal Expressway. the second longest expressway in India
Purvanchal Expressway. the second longest expressway in India
Delhi-Meerut Expressway,the widest expressway in India with 14 lanes
Delhi-Meerut Expressway,the widest expressway in India with 14 lanes
Delhi–Noida Direct (DND Flyway), India's first 8-lane wide expressway
Delhi–Noida Direct (DND Flyway), India's first 8-lane wide expressway
Mumbai–Pune Expressway, India's first ever expressway and is 6 lanes wide.
Mumbai–Pune Expressway, India's first ever expressway and is 6 lanes wide.

Expressways are the highest class of roads in India. As of December 2022, India has a total length of 3,346.3 km (2,079.3 mi) of expressways. These are controlled-access highways where entrance and exits are controlled by the use of ramps or interchange or trumphet that are incorporated into the design of the expressway and designed for minimum speed of 120 km/hr, whereas National highways are flyover access or controlled-access highway, where entrance and exit is through the side of the flyover,at each intersection of highway with road, flyovers are provided to bypass the city/town/village traffic and these highways are designed for speed of 100 km/hr. Some roads are not access-controlled expressways, but are still officially called expressways, such as the Biju Expressway, these state highways (officially expressways) do not meet expressway standards. Mumbai–Pune Expressway is the first 6-lane operational expressway in India started in 2002. Expressways follow standards set by Indian Roads Congress and Bureau of Indian Standards.

Currently, the longest expressway in India is the Mumbai-Nagpur Expressway(Phase-I ) at 520 km (320 mi) and the widest expressway is the Delhi - Dasna (UP border) section of the Delhi–Meerut Expressway with 14 lanes.

Development

Greenfield Expressways in India are designed as 12-lane wide Expressways with the initial construction of 8 lanes with minimum speed set as 120 km/hr for all type of vehicles. Land for 4-lane future expansion is reserved in the center of the expressways. Greenfield Expressways are designed to avoid inhabited areas and go through new alignments to bring development to new areas and to reduce land acquisition costs and construction timelines. The Delhi-Mumbai Expressway is an example of a new 12-lane approach with initial 8-lane construction.

Brownfield National Highway Project is the widening/development of existing National Highways. The Upgradation of highway is a Brownfield expressway Project which has high traffic demand and is a part of urban setup. The Upgradation is carried from 4 Lane to 6 Lane on EPC mode.[1] 43,000 km state highways have been converted to National Highways in last 8 years.[2]

The majority of the investment required for constructing expressways comes from the central government. Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra are the only states which are investing in building expressways through dedicated expressway corporations.[3]

The National Expressways Authority of India operating under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways will be in-charge of the construction and maintenance of expressways.[4] The National Highways Development Project by the government of India aims to expand the country's current expressway network and plans to add an additional 18,637 km of greenfield expressways by 2025 apart from building 4 lane greenfield national highways of 50,000 km length.[5][6] Currently NHDP Phase-6 and NHDP Phase-7 construction is going on along with Bharatmala project.

Bharatmala is an ecosystem of road development which includes tunnels, bridges, elevated corridors,flyovers, overpass, interchanges, bypasses, ring roads etc. to provide shortest & optimized connectivity to multiple places, it is a centrally-sponsored and funded road and highways project of the Government of India[7] with a target of constructing 83,677 km[8] of new highways over the next five years, was started in 2017 as well as conversion of 4 lane highways into 6 lane Brownfield expressways & some state highways into NH/NE.[9] Phase I of the Bharatmala project involves the construction of 34,800 km of highways (including the remaining projects under NHDP) at an estimated cost of 5.35 lakh crore by 2021–22.[10]

Characteristics

As of July 2022, 24 expressways with a combined length of 3,219.3 km (2,000.4 mi) are operational in India. In 2017, the country had only approximately 934 km of expressways. All the expressways are 6 or more lane wide controlled-access highways, where entrance and exit are controlled by the use of slip roads.India has the second largest road network in the world with 6.3 million kms.[11]

Expressways By State

List of operational expressways by state, as of December 2022:

States Length (km/mi) Number of Expressways
Uttar Pradesh 1,396 km (867 mi) 8
Maharashtra 669.3 km (415.9 mi) 5
Haryana 459.7 km (285.6 mi) 7
Telangana 169.6 km (105.4 mi) 2
Tamil Nadu 94.8 km (58.9 mi) 2
Gujarat 93.1 km (57.8 mi) 1
Rajasthan 90 km (56 mi) 1
Jharkhand 85 km (53 mi) 1
Karnataka 62 km (39 mi) 4
Bihar 33 km (21 mi) 2
West Bengal 30.2 km (18.8 mi) 2
Delhi 26.6 km (16.5 mi) 4
Chhattisgarh 12 km (7.5 mi) 1
Total 3,346.3 km (2,079.3 mi) 35

Total Operational Expressways By Type

S.No. Type Length (km/mi)
1 National Expressways 324 km (201 mi)
2 State Expressways 2,700.5 km (1,678.0 mi)
3 By-pass Expressways 645.8 km (401.3 mi)
Total 3,670.30 km (2,280.62 mi)

National Expressways

As of April 2021, eight expressways have been declared as National Expressway (NE) by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.

  operational   under construction   planned

Designation Expressway Length (km) Date declared as NE Date of completion
NE 1 Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway
93
13 Mar 1986[12] 16 August 2004[13]
NE 2 Eastern Peripheral Expressway (KGP)
135
30 Mar 2006[14] 27 May 2018[15]
NE 3 Delhi–Meerut Expressway
96
18 Jun 2020[16] 1 April 2021[17]
NE 4 VadodaraMumbai section of Delhi–Mumbai Expressway
1380
10 Jan 2020[18] March 2023
NE 5 DelhiNakodarGurdaspur section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway
398
25 Jun 2020[19] October 2023
NE 5A NakodarAmritsar section of Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway
99
17 Sep 2020[20] October 2023
NE 6 Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway
62
15 Dec 2020[21] October 2023
NE 7 Bangalore–Chennai Expressway
258
01 Jan 2021[22] March 2024
Total
2,522

State Expressways

State Expressways are funded by State/Central Government to connect areas within the state. These expressways reduce travel time, allowing for more more efficient travel and fuel savings . This also allows for a more equal distribution of goods, especially to rural areas.These expressways are not part of National Expressways but may be operated by state authority or national authority.

Note: AC = Access-Controlled Expressway. GS = Grade Separated Expressway.

Name States Start End Length (km/mi) Lanes Year of Completion Remarks
Mumbai Nagpur Expressway (AC) (Phase-I) Maharashtra Nagpur Shirdi 520 km
323.1 mi
6 December 2022 Longest Expressway in India.
Purvanchal Expressway (AC)[23] Uttar Pradesh Lucknow Ghazipur 340.8 km
211.8 mi
6 November 2021 2nd Longest Expressway in India.
Agra–Lucknow Expressway (AC)[24] Uttar Pradesh Agra Lucknow 302.2 km
187.8 mi
6 February 2017 3rd longest expressway in India.[25]
Bundelkhand Expressway (AC) Uttar Pradesh Etawah Chitrakoot 296 km
183.9 mi
4 July 2022 First expressway in Bundelkhand.
Trans–Haryana Expressway(Ambala-Narnaul Expressway) (AC) Haryana Kurukshetra Mahendragarh 227 km
141.1 mi
6 August 2022 Greenfield expressway created as NH 152D
Yamuna Expressway (AC)[26][27] Uttar Pradesh Greater Noida Agra 165.5 km
102.8 mi
6 August 2012 Connects Greater Noida and Agra.
Western Peripheral Expressway (AC) Haryana Palwal Sonipat 135.6 km
84.3 mi
6 November 2018 Part of ring road for Delhi NCR.
Eastern Peripheral Expressway (AC) Uttar Pradesh, Haryana Sonipat Palwal 135 km
83.9 mi
6 May 2018 Part of ring road for Delhi NCR.
Delhi–Meerut Expressway (AC)[28] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh New Delhi Meerut 96 km
59.7 mi
6-14 April 2021 NE3, India's widest expressway at 14-lanes.[29]
Mumbai–Pune Expressway (AC)[30] Maharashtra Mumbai Pune 94.5 km
58.7 mi
6 April 2002 India's first 6-lane wide expressway.
Ahmedabad–Vadodara Expressway (AC)[31] Gujarat Ahmedabad Vadodara 93.1 km
57.8 mi
4 August 2004 First Expressway of Gujarat.
Jaipur–Kishangarh Expressway (AC)[32] Rajasthan Jaipur Kishangarh 90 km
55.9 mi
6 April 2005 Forms a segment of the NH-8.
Delhi–Gurgaon Expressway (AC)[33] Delhi, Haryana New Delhi Gurgaon 27.7 km
17.2 mi
6-10 January 2008 Part of the Golden Quadrilateral.
Noida–Greater Noida Expressway (AC)[34] Uttar Pradesh Noida Greater Noida 24.5 km
15.2 mi
6 2002
Raipur–Bilaspur Expressway (AC) Chhattisgarh Raipur Bilaspur 127 km
78.9 mi
6 2019 part of NH-130
Raipur–Naya Raipur Expressway (AC) Chhattisgarh Raipur Naya Raipur 12 km
7.5 mi
4 2019
Delhi–Noida Direct Flyway (DND) (AC)[35] Delhi, Uttar Pradesh New Delhi Noida 9.2 km
5.7 mi
8 January 2001 India's first 8-lane wide expressway.
Delhi–Faridabad Skyway (AC)[36][37] Delhi, Haryana New Delhi Faridabad 4.4 km
2.7 mi
6 November 2010 Part of NH44.
Total 2,700.5 km (1,678.0 mi)

Bypass Expressways

Expressways within a city to bypass city traffic such as ring roads, bypass, freeways and elevated roads exist entirely within a city or metropolitan area. These expressways direct heavy traffic to the outskirts freeing city roads of traffic. This also allows outside traffic to directly pass the city instead of going through it further limiting traffic within a city.

Note: AC = Access-Controlled Expressway. GS = Grade Separated Expressway.

Name Locale States Length (km/mi) Lanes Year of Completion Remarks
Outer Ring Road, Hyderabad (AC)[38] Hyderabad Telangana 158 km
98.2 mi
8 April 2018 Longest Expressway in Telangana.
Ranchi Ring Road (AC) Ranchi Jharkhand 85 km
52.8 mi
6 February 2019 First expressway of Jharkhand.
Allahabad Bypass Expressway (AC) Allahabad(Prayagraj) Uttar Pradesh 84.7 km
52.6 mi
4 April 2009 First Expressway of Uttar Pradesh.

Part of NH 19.

Chennai Outer Ring Road (AC)[39] Chennai Tamil Nadu 62.8 km
39.0 mi
6 February 2021 Longest expressway of Tamil Nadu.
NICE Peripheral Ring Road Bangalore Karnataka 41 km
25.5 mi
4 August 2006
Chennai Bypass (AC)[40] Chennai Tamil Nadu 32 km
19.9 mi
4-6 June 2010 First Expressway of Tamil Nadu.
Sohna Elevated Corridor(AC)[41] Gurgaon Haryana 21.7 km
13.5 mi
6 July 2022 Part of Delhi-Mumbai Expressway
Loknayak Ganga Path Phase I (AC) Patna Bihar 20.5 km
12.7 mi
4 June 2022
Eastern Freeway (GS) Mumbai Maharashtra 16.8 km
10.4 mi
4 June 2014
Belghoria Expressway (GS) Kolkata West Bengal 16 km
9.9 mi
4 2008
Kona Expressway (GS) Kolkata West Bengal 14.17 km
8.8 mi
6 2001
AIIMS-Digha Elevated Road (AC) Patna Bihar 12.5 km
7.8 mi
6 November 2020 First expressway of Bihar.[42]
P.V. Narasimha Rao Expressway (AC)[43][44] Hyderabad Telangana 11.6 km
7.2 mi
4 October 2009 First Expressway of Telangana.
Electronic City Elevated Expressway (GS) Bangalore Karnataka 10 km

6.21 mi

4 January 2010
JNPT Road (AC) Panvel,Navi Mumbai Maharashtra 28 km
17.4 mi
6 April 2022 6 lane access controlled road connecting Navi Mumbai to JNPT Port, it runs parallel to Uran-Panvel road
Panipat Elevated Expressway(AC)[45] Panipat Haryana 10 km
6.2 mi
6 January 2008
NICE Link Road (AC) Bangalore Karnataka 7.5 km
4.7 mi
4 2002 First Expressway of Karnataka.
Palm Beach Marg (AC) Navi Mumbai Maharashtra 10 km
6.2 mi
6 1995 Palm Beach road is an access controlled 6 lane ring road of Navi Mumbai
NICE Expressway (AC) Bangalore Karnataka 3.5 km
2.2 mi
4 Mar 2019 Part of Bangalore-Mysore Expressway
Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Uddanpul (Nashik Freeway) (AC) (GS) Nashik Maharashtra 16 km
9.9 mi
4-6 June 2013 First NHAI expressway in Maharashtra. The longest flyover in Maharashtra.
Total 645.8 km (401.3 mi)

Expressways under-construction

* Ready to inaugurate Total length listed in this table is 7,608.45 km (4,727.67 mi).

Name States Length (km/mi) Expected Date of Completion
Paniyala – Barodameo Expressway Rajasthan 86.5 km (53.7 mi) 2024-12[46]
Ahmedabad–Dholera Expressway Gujarat 110 km (68 mi) 2024-12[47]
Airoli–Katai Naka Freeway (Phase 1- 5.2 km section) Maharashtra 12.3 km (7.6 mi) 2023-03
Amritsar–Jamnagar Expressway[48] Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat 1,257 km (781.1 mi) 2023-09[49]
Bengaluru–Chennai Expressway[50] Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 258 km (160.3 mi) 2024-03
Bengaluru–Mysuru Expressway*[51] Karnataka 111 km (69.0 mi) 2022-12
Bengaluru-Vijayawada Expressway[52] Karnataka,Andhra Pradesh 624 km (387.7 mi) 2026
Chittoor–Thatchur Expressway Tamil Nadu 117 km (72.7 mi) 2025
Chennai Port–Maduravoyal Expressway[53] Tamil Nadu 20.6 km (12.8 mi) 2023-01
Atal Progress-way(Chambal Expressway)[54] Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh 404 km (251 mi)
Shamli – Ambala Expressway[55] Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 120 km (75 mi)
Coastal Road (Mumbai) (phase 1) Maharashtra 29.2 km (18.1 mi) 2023-12
Delhi-Panipat Expressway Delhi, Haryana 70.5 km (43.8 mi) 2023-01[56]
DND–KMP Expressway Delhi, Haryana 59 km (37 mi) 2023-01
Delhi–Amritsar–Katra Expressway[57] Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir 687 km (427 mi) 2023-12
Delhi–Mumbai Expressway[58] Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra 1,350 km (840 mi) 2023-12
Dwarka Expressway Delhi, Haryana 27.6 km (17.1 mi) 2023-06[59]
Faridabad–Noida–Ghaziabad Expressway Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh 56 km (35 mi) 2023-01
Ganga Expressway(Meerut–Prayagraj) Uttar Pradesh 594 km (369.1 mi) 2024-01
Gorakhpur Link Expressway[60] Uttar Pradesh 91.40 km (56.8 mi) 2023-03[61]
Ghazipur-Ballia-Manjhighat Expressway[62] Uttar Pradesh 132.76 km (82.5 mi) 2023-12[63]
Lucknow–Kanpur Expressway Uttar Pradesh 66 km (41 mi) 2025-01[64]
Lucknow Outer Ring Road Uttar Pradesh 108 km (67 mi) 2023-01
Loknayak Ganga Path Phase II Bihar 18 km (11 mi) 2024-12
Ludhiana Elevated corridor Punjab 13 km (8.1 mi) 2024-03
Mumbai Trans Harbour Link Maharashtra 21.8 km (13.5 mi) 2023-10
Mumbai–Nagpur Expressway(Phase III)[65] Maharashtra 181 km (112.5 mi) 2023-03[66]
Ludhiana-Bhatinda-Ajmer experessway[67][68]

(Phase 1- Ludhiana to Bhatinda)

Punjab 75.5 km (46.9 mi) 2024-03
Peripheral Ring Road Karnataka 65.5 km (40.7 mi) 2024-08
Raipur–Visakhapatnam Expressway Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh 465 km (288.9 mi) 2024-03
Urban Extension Road-II Delhi 75.7 km (47.0 mi) 2022
Varanasi Ring Road[69][70] Uttar Pradesh 63 km (39 mi) 2023-03[71]
Wazirabad–Mayur Vihar Elevated Expressway Delhi NCR 18 km (11 mi)
Coimbatore Avinashi Road Elevated Expressway Tamil Nadu

10.1 km (6.3 mi)

2024-01
Delhi–Saharanpur–Dehradun Expressway Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Uttrakhand 210 km (130 mi) 2024-12[72]
Total 7,608.45 km (4,727.67 mi)

Proposed expressways

Name States Length (km/mi)
Agra-Gwalior Expressway[73] Uttar Pradesh,Madhya Pradesh 88.4 km (54.9 mi)
Amaravati–Anantapur Expressway[74] Andhra Pradesh 371 km (230.5 mi)
Amas–Darbhanga Expressway Bihar 189 km (117.4 mi)
Aurangabad-Darbhanga Expressway[75] Bihar 271 km (168.4 mi)
Ballia Link Expressway[76] Uttar Pradesh 30 km (19 mi)
Bangalore Peripheral Ring Road[77] Karnataka 74 km (46 mi)
Bangalore Pune Expressway[78] Karnataka, Maharashtra 700 km (430 mi)
Buxar - Bhagalpur Expressway[79] Bihar 308 km (191.4 mi)
Chennai Elevated Expressways[80] Tamil Nadu 10 km (6.2 mi)
Chennai Surat Expressway[81] Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu 1,271 km (789.8 mi)
Delhi-Hisar-Fazilka Expressway[82] Haryana 170 km (105.6 mi)
Virar - Alibag Expressway[83] Maharashtra 126 km (78.3 mi)
Ganga Expressway Phase-2[84][85][86][87] Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand 424 km (263.5 mi)
GMADA Expressway Chandigarh, Haryana, Punjab 284 km (176 mi)
Pune-Nashik Industrial Expressway[88][89] Maharashtra 250 km (160 mi)
Pune-Aurangabad Expressway[90] Maharashtra 225 km (140 mi)
Pavnar-Patradevi (Nagpur- Goa Shaktipeeth expressway)[88][91] Maharashtra 760 km (470 mi)
Gorakhpur–Siliguri Expressway[79] Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal 607 km (377.2 mi)
Hyderabad–Indore Expressway[92] Madhya Pradesh , Maharashtra , Telangana 713 km (443 mi)
Raipur-Hyderabad Expressway[93] Chhattisgarh , Maharashtra, Telangana 530 km (330 mi)
Hyderabad–Visakhapatnam Expressway[92] Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 225 km (140 mi)
Indore–Kota Expressway[92] Rajasthan , Madhya Pradesh 136 km (85 mi)
Jalna-Nanded Expressway[92] Maharashtra 179 km (111 mi)
Kadapa Feeder Expressway[94] Andhra Pradesh 104.1 km (64.7 mi)
Konkan Greenfield Expressway Maharashtra 500 km (310 mi)
Kurnool Feeder Expressway[94] Andhra Pradesh 123.7 km (76.9 mi)
Nagpur-Gondia-Gadchiroli Expressway[95] Maharashtra 225 km (140 mi)
Nagpur–Hyderabad–Bengaluru Expressway[96] Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra pradesh, Karnataka 1,100 km (680 mi)
Nagpur–Vijayawada Expressway[93] Maharashtra , Telangana , Andhra Pradesh 457 km (284 mi)
Prayagraj Link Expressway[97] Uttar Pradesh 193 km (120 mi)
Pune-Aurangabad Expressway[98] Maharashtra 225 km (140 mi)
Pune Ring Road Maharashtra 128 km (80 mi)
Meerut-Haridwar Expressway[99] Uttar Pradesh 120 km (75 mi)
Rampur-Rudrapur expressway[100] Uttar Pradesh 50 km (31 mi)
Regional Ring Road, Hyderabad Telangana 330 km (210 mi)
Chitrakoot-Prayagraj Expressway[101] Uttar Pradesh 130 km (81 mi)
Vindhya Expressway[102] Uttar Pradesh 190 km (120 mi)
Mumbai-Pune Missing Link Expressway[103] Maharashtra 13.30 km (8.26 mi)
Narmada Expressway[104] Madhya Pradesh 1,300 km (810 mi)
Outer Ring Road, Amaravati[105] Andhra Pradesh 220 km (136.7 mi)
Outer Ring Road, Patna Bihar 140 km (87 mi)
Durg–Raipur–Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh 92 km (57 mi)
Raxaul-Haldia Expressway[106] Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Thiruvananthapuram Outer Ring Road[107] Kerala 80 km (50 mi)
Varanasi Link Expressway[108][109] Uttar Pradesh 13 km (8.1 mi)
Total 14,200 km (8,823.47 mi)

Proposed expressways under Bharatmala

8-lane greenfield expressways under Bharatmala[110][111][112]
Name States Length (km/mi)
Chennai–Salem Expressway Tamil Nadu 277 km (172 mi)
Chennai–Trichy Expressway Tamil Nadu 310 km (190 mi)
Delhi–Hisar Expressway Haryana 170 km (110 mi)
Durg-Raipur-Arang Expressway Chhattisgarh 92 km (57 mi)
Gurugram–Faridabad Expressway Haryana 135 km (84 mi)
Indore-Mumbai Expressway Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra 515 km (320 mi)
Kharagpur–Kolkata Expressway West Bengal 120 km (75 mi)
Kharagpur–Siliguri Expressway West Bengal 516 km (321 mi)
Mangaluru–Chitradurga Expressway Karnataka 196 km (122 mi)
Pathankot–Ajmer Expressway[113] Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab 600 km (370 mi)
Pune–Bengaluru Expressway[114] Karnataka, Maharashtra 745 km (463 mi)
Salem–Chengapalli Expressway Tamil Nadu 103 km (64 mi)
Varanasi–Ranchi–Kolkata Expressway Uttar Pradesh, Bihar,Jharkhand, West Bengal 650 km (400 mi)
Total 4,429 km (2,752 mi)

See also

Ring Roads in India
Similar rail development
Similar roads development
Similar ports and river transport development
Similar air transport development
Highways in India
General

References

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