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ETR 470
ETR 470 in Trenitalia livery
ManufacturerFiat Ferroviaria (now Alstom), Schindler, Vevey Technologies.
Built atFiat Ferroviaria, Savigliano (Cuneo) / Alstom (Italy)
Family namePendolino
ReplacedSBB-CFF-FFS RAe TEE II
Constructed1993-1997
Entered service1996
Refurbished2008 & 2018-2021
Scrapped2015 (Switzerland)
Number built9 + 1 prototype
Number in service5 (TrainOSE (Greece) from 2022)
Number preserved1 (in Switzerland, for possible museum purposes). Leased to Trenitalia since 31 March 2017 for service on Milano - Gotthard - Zurich / Basel lines.
Number scrapped3 (in Switzerland)
Formation3 first class coaches, 1 restaurant car, 5 second class coaches.
Capacity475 passengers : 151 1st class, 322 2nd class, 2 for disabled persons + 29 in the restaurant coach.
Operator(s)Cisalpino, SBB + Trenitalia
Line(s) servedAthens-Thessaloniki (Greece)
Specifications
Train length236.60 m (776.2 ft)
Car lengthHead coaches 27,650 mm ; intermediate coaches 26,900 mm.
Maximum speed250 km/h (155 mph)
Weight798 t (785 long tons; 880 short tons)
(normal load)
Power output6,600 kW (8,900 hp) ( hourly ), 5880 kW ( continuous ).
Electric system(s)3 kV DC &
15 kV 16⅔ Hz AC Overhead catenary
Current collection methodPantograph
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

ETR 470 (ElettroTreno 470) is a high-speed tilting electric multiple unit, which is now only operated by the Greek-Italian private company, TrainOSE. Introduced in September 1996,[1] nine units were built for the Italo-Swiss firm Cisalpino. They were made by Fiat Ferroviaria[2] (now Alstom), and could tilt up to 8°. Today, there are three trains in Greece.

Prior to their arrival in Greece, they performed services under the name Frecciabianca.[3]

Specifications

They can accommodate a total of 475 passengers, and also have a restaurant.[4] They were designed by the Italian Giugiaro.[5] They were initially designed for 3kV DC and 15kV 16.7 Hz AC operation, had four pantographs, as well as a tilting mechanism, accommodating a tilt of up to 8 degrees.[6]

Interiors

History

The 9 trainsets were built between 1993 and 1996 and were originally owned by the Swiss Cisalpino. In total, they cost 16.85 million euros each.

Part of the Pendolino family, it was an updated version of the ETR 460 adapted for services under lines electrified at 3 kV DC in Italy and at 15 kV 16.7 Hz AC in Switzerland and Germany. ETR 470 trains were used for fast services between Italy and Switzerland.[7]

Nine sets of nine coaches each were built, together with a 3-car prototype ("Train 0") which has never been used for commercial service. Since the dissolution of Cisalpino they were split between SBB (4 sets) and Trenitalia (5 sets). SBB planned to retire its 4 sets in 2014 at the latest.

Because of its long series of breakdowns, the ETR.470 was very poorly received in Switzerland. The maintenance costs were four times higher compared to the ICN.[8] The final decision to retire the trains was taken after one of them caught fire on 17 May 2009 in Ambrì.[8] The spokesperson for the Swiss Association for Transport and Environment described them as "not worthy of the Swiss Federal Railways", while the chief executive of Swiss Federal Railways said he wanted to "put an end to this horror".[8] After unsuccessful attempts by SBB to sell the trains, three Swiss ETR 470 trainsets were scrapped in November 2015.[9] ETR 470 009 owned by SBB has been leased to Trenitalia since 31 March 2017 after an Italian ETR 610 has been very seriously damaged in an accident (derailment) in Lucerne on 22 March 2017.

Export

Before 2021, the Italian ETR.470 were used for Frecciabianca high-speed services. It was decided in 2019, that these will be used on the AthensThessaloniki railway line run by Ferrovie dello Stato Italiane subsidiary, TrainOSE. Units will be converted for use in Greece, the existing 3 kV DC equipment is to be replaced with 25 kV 50 Hz equipment and they will be fitted with ETCS onboard equipment.[10] In August 2018, a similar ETR.485 unit transferred to Greece for testing purposes, in anticipation of the ETR 470 fleet's arrival,[11] but because it was not designed for the Greek network, it was decided instead to launch the ETR 470, which were originally expected to come in 2019, with the completion of the electrification and testing of the ETCS.[12] However, in February 2020, with the TRAINOSE depot not yet ready to receive them delivery was delayed. Instead of arriving in the summer of 2020, delivery was postponed until the end of 2020 or the beginning of 2021.[13] The delivery was delayed even further, so the first unit is scheduled to arrive on 18 January 2021 in Thessaloniki via a route from Piacenza.

Liveries

Original livery

The original livery included green, black and blue horizontal stripes and red elements below the front, all on white surface, which covered most of the vehicles.

Second livery

This colouring consists of a blue wavy stripe on the side in silver colour, while the red elements were kept under the front from the previous livery. This livery is still used today, in some variations with the logos of the newer companies (ie CIS and FS, and, soon, TRAINOSE.)

See also

References

  1. ^ Brunhouse, Jay (2001). Traveling Europe's trains (5th ed.). Gretna [La.]: Pelican Publ. ISBN 1-56554-854-X. OCLC 46936207.
  2. ^ Καραγιάννης, Νίκος (5 July 2019). "ΤΡΑΙΝΟΣΕ: Το Pendolino ETR470 στέλνει η Ferrovie στην Ελλάδα;". Ypodomes.com (in Greek). Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Frecciabianca- collegamenti e servizi - Le Frecce - Trenitalia". 26 July 2018. Archived from the original on 26 July 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Ferrovie.it - Avvicendamenti in vista per gli ETR.470 e 610 Trenitalia". Ferrovie.it (in Italian). Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Giugiaro Design designed the Cisalpino AG and the corporate image". Italdesign. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  6. ^ "Elettrotreno politensione ETR 470 - leferrovie.it". 23 April 2016. Archived from the original on 23 April 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  7. ^ Müller, Adrian (24 December 2008). "Die SBB verlieren die Geduld / SBB loose patience" (in German). TA Media. 20 Minuten. Retrieved 22 January 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "The Cisalpino nears the end of the line". swissinfo.ch. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  9. ^ Blick (16 November 2015). "SBB entsorgen Pendolino-Züge: "720 Meter Schrott auf letzter Fahrt"".
  10. ^ "Cisalpino Pendolinos to work Athens – Thessaloniki line". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 3 July 2019.
  11. ^ Planinski, Konstantin (20 August 2018). "[SI] ETR 485 31 en route to Greece, TrainOSE tests starting soon". Railcolor News. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Η ΤΡΑΙΝΟΣΕ επιμένει για το "Ασημένιο Βέλος": δεν ήταν μόνο (υπουργική) φιέστα". Protagon.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  13. ^ Newsroom. "Εργα 18 εκατ. ενόψει των νέων τρένων της ΤΡΑΙΝΟΣΕ | Η ΚΑΘΗΜΕΡΙΝΗ". Retrieved 13 January 2021.

Media related to ETR 470 at Wikimedia Commons