King of the Xia dynasty
Reign1747–1728 BC
Chinese: Hou Jin (后敬)
FatherGao of Xia
Fa's son Jie with the two ladies
Fa's son Jie with the two ladies

Fa (Chinese: 發, Fā) was the 16th ruler of the Xia Dynasty, father of the infamous Jie who brought the dynasty to its end.[1][2]

His given name was Houjing (后敬).


Fa was a son of the King Gao of Xia and thus a grandson of Kong Jia.[3]

During his inaugural celebration, all of his vassals gathered at his palace.

The first earthquake ever recorded took place at Mount Tai[4] in modern Shandong during his reign. The event has been dated to 1731 BC as the Mount Tai earthquake.[5]

The earthquake was mentioned briefly in the Bamboo Annals.[6][7]

See also


  1. ^ Bamboo Annals, a chronicle of ancient China
  2. ^ Milton Walter Meyer (1994). China: A Concise History. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 126. ISBN 978-0-8226-3033-3.
  3. ^ Xia Dynasty
  4. ^ Reflections on History: Natural disasters and the Decline and fall of the Xia Dynasty
  5. ^ 吳階平, 喻滄, 季羨林. [2002] (2002) 世紀中國學術大典: 測繪學, 大氣科學, 固體地球物理學, 應用地球物理學, 海洋科學. 福建教育出版社. ISBN 7-5334-3446-3, ISBN 978-7-5334-3446-5. p. 41.
  6. ^ Bamboo Annals, listed under Xia chapters on King Fa's 7th year.
  7. ^ "When Emperor Fa died during his seventh year of reign, Mount Tai shattered."
Fa of Xia Xia Dynasty Regnal titles Preceded byGao King of China 1747 BC – 1728 BC Succeeded byJie