A conic cultivar of Capsicum annuum called 'Chao Tian Jiao'

The facing heaven pepper (Chinese name: ; pinyin: cháotiānjiāo, also known as 指天椒; pinyin: zhǐtiānjiāo meaning "skyward-pointing chili pepper") is a type of cone pepper, a group of cone-shaped, medium-hot chili peppers within the species Capsicum annuum.[1] The species is native to Central America.[2]


The facing heaven pepper is type of cone pepper, a group within the species Capsicum annuum. Cone peppers are sometimes listed as a botanical variety, as Capsicum annuum var. conoides. This variety is not an accepted name in the Global Biodiversity Information Facility or Kew's Plants of the World Online.[3][4] Cone peppers are now called the Capsicum annuum "conoides group".[1][5]


Dried facing heaven chilies

Facing heaven peppers are identified by the conical shape and dark red color of mature fruit.[6]


Historic sources described the fruits as "extremely spicy" though the flavor has likely changed over time.[7]


  1. ^ a b "Capsicum annuum (Conioides group) (Biberi Pepper, Cone Pepper, Conic Pepper, Facing Heaven Pepper) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox". plants.ces.ncsu.edu. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Capsicum annuum L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  3. ^ "Capsicum annuum var. conoides (Mill.) Irish". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Capsicum annuum var. conoides (Mill.) Irish". www.gbif.org. Retrieved 2018-11-23.
  5. ^ "Taxon: Capsicum annuum L. var. conoides (Mill.) Irish, Synonym of Capsicum annuum L. var. annuum". GRIN. Retrieved 8 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Genetic diversity and relationship analysis of pepper germplasm resources based on phenotype traits and SRAP molecular marker". Journal of Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University (Natural Science Edition). 2011 (1). Archived from the original on 2018-11-25. Retrieved 2018-11-25.
  7. ^ Dott, Brian Russell (2020). The chile pepper in China : a cultural biography. New York. ISBN 9780231551304.((cite book)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)