Faizabad district
Ayodhya district
Location of Faizabad district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionFaizabad
HeadquartersAyodhya
Tehsils5
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies
  1. Faizabad (Lok Sabha constituency) - Ayodhya, Bikapur, Milkipur, Rudauli
  2. Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) - Goshainganj
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies
Area
 • Total2,522 km2 (974 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2][1]
 • Total2,470,996
 • Density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
689,354
Demographics
 • Literacy69.57%
 • Sex ratio961
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-42
Major highwaysNH 27, NH 330, National Highway 330A (India), SH 30
Websitehttp://ayodhya.nic.in

Faizabad district, officially Ayodhya district, is one of the 75 districts of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The city of Ayodhya, which is believed to be the birth place of Hindu deity Rama, is the administrative headquarters of the district.[1][3] The official name of the district was changed from Faizabad to Ayodhya in November 2018 under Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath.[4] The district occupies an area of 2,522 square kilometres (974 sq mi),[1] and had a population of 2,470,996 in the 2011 census.[1][2] Awadhi is the common language of the people of Faizabad district.

Demographics

Religions in Ayodhya District
Religion Percent
Hindus
84.75%
Muslims
14.80%

Faizabad district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[5]

  Hindi (83.00%)
  Awadhi (13.50%)
  Urdu (3.14%)
  Others (0.36%)

According to the 2011 Indian census, the district had a population of 2,470,996, of which males were 1,259,628 and females were 1,211,368. Population in the age group of 0–6 years was 360,082. This gave it a ranking of 178th in India (out of a total of 640). The district had a population density of 1,054 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,730/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.16%. The district had a sex ratio of 961 females for every 1000 males. The total number of literates in the district were 1,450,901, which constitutes 58.7% of the population. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population was 70.63%.[2]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 96.62% of the population in the district spoke Hindi (or languages considered to be the dialects of Hindi like Awadhi, Banjari, Bhojpuri, Chhattisgarhi, or Garhwali) and 3.14% Urdu as their first language.[5]

Faizabad district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[5]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
002007 Bengali 584 0.02%
004001 Dogri 831 0.03%
006030 Awadhi 333,602 13.50%
006066 Banjari 302 0.01%
006102 Bhojpuri 804 0.03%
006142 Chhattisgarhi 788 0.03%
006195 Garhwali 135 0.01%
006240 Hindi 2,050,978 83.00%
011016 Malayalam 182 0.01%
015043 Odia 557 0.02%
016038 Punjabi 763 0.03%
019014 Sindhi 2,432 0.10%
022015 Urdu 77,484 3.14%
Others 1,554 0.06%
Total 2,470,996 100.00%
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901739,402—    
1911693,018−0.65%
1921694,764+0.03%
1931714,938+0.29%
1941782,639+0.91%
1951873,686+1.11%
1961960,818+0.96%
19711,107,515+1.43%
19811,361,862+2.09%
19911,684,747+2.15%
20012,088,928+2.17%
20112,470,996+1.69%
source:[6]

Politics

Faizabad district has one Lok Sabha constituency and 5 Vidhan Sabha constituencies. Lallu Singh from Bharatiya Janata Party is an MP of Faizabad Lok Sabha constituency in Uttar Pradesh.

And in the last 2017 assembly elections, the Bharatiya Janata Party has won all the five assembly seats in this district. Ved Prakash Gupta is the MLA from Ayodhya Assembly Constituency, Ram Chandra Yadav from Rudauli Assembly Constituency, Gorakh Nath from Milkipur Assembly Constituency, Shobha Singh Chauhan from Bikapur Assembly Constituency and Indra Pratap Tiwari alias Khabbu Tiwari is the MLA from Goshainganj Assembly Constituency.[7]

Transport

By Rail

The major railway stations in the district are

By Air

Ayodhya Airport (under construction) is the international airport in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh.

Education

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "About district". District Ayodhya, Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Census of India: Search Details – Faizabad District". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. ^ Tully, Mark (2017), India in Slow Motion, Penguin Random House India Private Limited, pp. 18–, ISBN 978-93-5118-097-5
  4. ^ "Faizabad district to be renamed as Ayodhya, says UP CM Yogi Adityanath". The Financial Express. 6 November 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  5. ^ a b c C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttar Pradesh (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  7. ^ "INDRA PRATAP ALIAS KHABBU TIWARI Won with 89586 votes - 2017 Goshainganj - Uttar Pradesh Assembly Election Winner, LIVE Results & Latest News: Election Dates, Polling Schedule, Election Results & Live Election Updates | India.com". www.india.com. Retrieved 26 December 2021.

Coordinates: 26°47′N 82°08′E / 26.783°N 82.133°E / 26.783; 82.133