Faizabad district
Ayodhya district
Ayodhya Diwali 2021 09.jpg
Maqbara with palm trees.JPG
Gulabbari.JPG
Amsin bazar.jpg
Saryu.JPG
Clockwise from top-left: Diwali at Ram ki Paidi, Bahu Begum ka Maqbara, Amsin Bazar, Saryu river near Ayodhya, Gulab Bari
Location of Faizabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Faizabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionFaizabad
HeadquartersAyodhya
Tehsils5
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies
  1. Faizabad (Lok Sabha constituency) - Ayodhya, Bikapur, Milkipur, Rudauli
  2. Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) - Goshainganj
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies
Area
 • Total2,522 km2 (974 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2][1]
 • Total2,470,996
 • Density980/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
689,354
Demographics
 • Literacy69.57%
 • Sex ratio961
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-42
Major highwaysNH 27, NH 330, National Highway 330A (India), SH 30
Websiteayodhya.nic.in

Faizabad district, officially Ayodhya district, is one of the 75 districts of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The city of Ayodhya, which is believed to be the birth place of Hindu deity Rama,[3] is the administrative headquarters of the district.[1][4] The official name of the district was changed from Faizabad to Ayodhya in November 2018 by Yogi Adityanath-led Government of Uttar Pradesh.[5] The district occupies an area of 2,522 square kilometres (974 sq mi),[1] and had a population of 2,470,996 in the 2011 census.[1][2] Awadhi is the common language of the people of Faizabad district.

Demographics

Religions in Faizabad/Ayodhya district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Hindus
84.75%
Muslims
14.80%
Other or not stated
0.45%
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 Indian census, the district had a population of 2,470,996, of which males were 1,259,628 and females were 1,211,368. Population in the age group of 0–6 years was 360,082. This gave it a ranking of 178th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district had a population density of 1,054 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,730/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.16%. The district had a sex ratio of 961 females for every 1000 males. The total number of literates in the district were 1,450,901, which constitutes 58.7% of the population. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population was 70.63%. Scheduled Castes made up 22.46% of the population.[7]

Languages of Faizabad/Ayodhya district (2011)[8]

  Hindi (83.00%)
  Awadhi (13.50%)
  Urdu (3.14%)
  Others (0.36%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 83.00% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 13.50% Awadhi and 3.14% Urdu as their first language.[8]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901739,402—    
1911693,018−0.65%
1921694,764+0.03%
1931714,938+0.29%
1941782,639+0.91%
1951873,686+1.11%
1961960,818+0.96%
19711,107,515+1.43%
19811,361,862+2.09%
19911,684,747+2.15%
20012,088,928+2.17%
20112,470,996+1.69%
source:[9]

Politics

Faizabad district has one Lok Sabha constituency and 5 Vidhan Sabha constituencies. Lallu Singh from Bharatiya Janata Party is the MP of Faizabad Lok Sabha constituency in Uttar Pradesh.[10]

And in the last 2022 assembly elections, the BJP has won 3 seats and Samajwadi Party has won 2 seats from the five assembly seats in this district. Ved Prakash Gupta (BJP) is the MLA from Ayodhya Assembly constituency, Ram Chandra Yadav (BJP) from Rudauli Assembly constituency, Awadesh Prasad (Samajwadi Party) won from Milkipur Assembly constituency, Amit Singh Chauhan (BJP) from Bikapur Assembly constituency and Abhay Singh (Samajwadi Party) is the MLA from Goshainganj Assembly constituency.[11]

Police stations

There are 19 Police stations in Faizabad district.[12]

1.Kotwali Ayodhya 2.Inayat Nagar 3.Cantt. 4.Kumarganj 5.Kotwali Nagar 6.Khandasa 7.Gosainganj 8.Tarun 9.Patranga 10.Pura Kalandar 11.Kotwali Bikapur 12.Mawai 13.Maharajganj 14.Mahila Thana 15.Rudauli 16.Ram Janm Bhumi 17.Raunahi 18.Haiderganj 19.Baba Bazar[13] (newly created 2022).[14]

Transport

By Rail

The major railway stations in the district are

By Air

Ayodhya Airport (under construction) is the international airport in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh.

Education

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "About district". District Ayodhya, Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 27 July 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Census of India: Search Details – Faizabad District". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 6 November 2019.
  3. ^ "अयोध्या का हो गया फैसला: विवादित भूमि रामलला को, सुन्नी पक्ष को कहीं और जमीन". Navbharat Times (in Hindi). Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  4. ^ Tully, Mark (2017), India in Slow Motion, Penguin Random House India Private Limited, pp. 18–, ISBN 978-93-5118-097-5
  5. ^ "Faizabad district to be renamed as Ayodhya, says UP CM Yogi Adityanath". The Financial Express. 6 November 2018. Retrieved 9 November 2019.
  6. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Faizabad" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  10. ^ "फैजाबाद लोकसभा सीट : 65 हजार वोटों से लल्लू सिंह विजयी". Hindustan (in Hindi). Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  11. ^ "Goshainganj, Uttar Pradesh Assembly Election Results 2022 LIVE Updates: SP's Abhay Singh wins Goshainganj with 72186 votes". India Today. Retrieved 1 October 2022.
  12. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Police | Police Units | Ayodhya | Officials". uppolice.gov.in. Retrieved 27 December 2022.
  13. ^ "Uttar Pradesh to get 18 new police stations for increased policing". The Economic Times. Retrieved 27 December 2022.
  14. ^ "Police | District Ayodhya - Government of Uttar Pradesh | India". Retrieved 27 December 2022.

Coordinates: 26°47′N 82°08′E / 26.783°N 82.133°E / 26.783; 82.133