In 1265, the army of Baibars the Mamluk captured Haifa, destroying its fortifications, which had been rebuilt by Louis IX of France, as well as the majority of the city's homes to prevent the European Crusaders from returning.[1]


  1. ^ "Haifa in the Middle Ages".

Coordinates: 32°48′00″N 34°59′00″E / 32.8000°N 34.9833°E / 32.8000; 34.9833