This is the family tree of the British royal family, from James I (who united the crowns of England and Scotland) to the present monarch, Charles III.

Before James VI and I

See Family tree of English monarchs, Family tree of Scottish monarchs, and Family tree of Welsh monarchs. This also includes England, Scotland and Wales; all part of the United Kingdom as well as the French Norman invasion.

For a simplified view, see: Family tree of British monarchs.

Key

House of Stuart

Main article: House of Stuart

House of StuartScottish monarchs
Henry Stuart
1545–1567
Mary, Queen of Scots
1542–1587
Frederick II
King of Denmark
1534–1588
Henry IV
King of France
1553–1610
King James VI and I[a]
1566–1625
r. 1567–1625 (Scotland)
r. 1603–1625 (England)
Anne of Denmark
1574–1619
Queen of England and Ireland
John IV
1604–1656
King of Portugal
Henry Frederick
1594–1612
Prince of Wales
Elizabeth Stuart
1596–1662
Queen of Bohemia
Frederick V
1596–1632
Elector Palatine
King of Bohemia
Margaret Stuart
1598–1600
King Charles I
1600–1649
King of England
r. 1625–1649
Henrietta Maria
of France
1609–1669
Robert Stuart
1602
Duke of Kintyre and Lorne
Mary Stuart
1605–1607
Sophia Stuart
1606
of England
Louis XIII
1601–1643
King of France
House of Hanover
Charles
Duke of Cornwall
1629
King Charles II
1630–1685
r. 1649–1651
r. 1660–1685
(Scotland)
r. 1660–1685 (England)
Catherine of Braganza
1638–1705
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland
William II
1626–1650
Prince of Orange
Mary
Princess Royal
1631–1660

Princess of Orange
Anne Hyde
1637–1671
Duchess of York
King James II[a]
1633–1701
r. 1685–1688
Mary of Modena
1658–1718
Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland
Elizabeth Stuart
1635–1650
Anne Stuart
1637–1640
Henry Stuart
Duke of Gloucester
1640–1660
Henrietta Anne of England
1644–1670
Duchess of Orléans
Philippe I
1640–1701
Duke of Orléans
illegitimate childrenFrederick III
1609–1670
King of Denmark
House of Orléans
Charles Stuart
Duke of Cambridge
1660–1661
Queen Mary II
1662–1694
r. 1689–1694
King William III[a]
1650–1702
r. 1689–1702
James Stuart
1663–1667
Duke of Cambridge
Queen Anne
1665–1714
r. 1702–1714
Prince George
1653–1708
of Denmark
Charles Stuart
1666–1667
Duke of Kendal
Edgar Stuart
1667–1671
Duke of Cambridge
Prince William
1689–1700
Duke of Gloucester
Catherine Stuart
1675–1676
Isabel Stuart
1676–1681
Charles Stuart
1677
Duke of Cambridge
Elizabeth Stuart
1678
Charlotte Stuart
1682
Maria Clementina Sobieska
1702–1735
James Francis Edward Stuart
The Old Pretender
1688–1766
Prince of Wales
Louisa Maria Stuart
1692–1712
Princess Royal
Princess Louise of Stolberg-Gedern
1752–1824
Countess of Albany
Charles Edward Stuart
Bonnie Prince Charlie;
1720–1788
The Young Pretender
Henry Benedict Stuart
1725–1807
Cardinal Duke of York

House of Hanover

Main article: House of Hanover

Elizabeth Stuart
1596–1662
House of Stuart
Queen of Bohemia
Frederick V
of the Palatinate
King of Bohemia
1596–1632
House of Wittelsbach-Palatinate
Sophia
Princess Sophia of the Palatinate
1630–1714
Electress of Hanover
Ernest Augustus
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1629–1698
House of Hanover
Sophia Dorothea
of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Celle
1666–1726
Electoral Princess of Hanover & Duchess of Ahlden
King George I
1660–1727
r. 1714–1727
Frederick Augustus
1661–1690
Maximilian William
of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1666–1726
Sophia Charlotte
of Hanover
1668–1705
Queen in Prussia
Charles Philip
of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1669–1690
Christian Henry
of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1671–1703
Ernest Augustus
Duke of York and Albany
1674–1728
Caroline
1683–1737
Queen consort of Great Britain
King George II
King of Great Britain
1683–1760
r. 1727–1760
Sophia
of Hanover
1687–1757
Queen consort of Prussia, Electress & consort of Brandenburg
Frederick William I
1688–1740
King of Prussia
Princess Augusta
of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
1719–1772
Princess of Wales
Frederick
1707–1751
Prince of Wales
William IV
1711–1751
Prince of Orange
Anne
Princess Royal
1709–1759
Princess of Orange
Princess Amelia Sophia Eleonore
1711–1786
of Great Britain
Princess Caroline Elizabeth
1713–1757
of Great Britain
Prince George William
1717–1718
of Great Britain
Prince William Augustus
1721–1765
Duke of Cumberland
Mary
1723–1772
of Great Britain
Frederick II
1720–1785
Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Louise
of Great Britain
1724–1751
Queen of Denmark and Norway
Frederick V
1723–1766
King of Denmark
Princess Augusta of Great Britain
1737–1813
Charles William Ferdinand
Duke of Brunswick
1735–1806
George III
1738–1820
r. 1760–1820
Charlotte
of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1744–1818
Frederick William II
King of Prussia
1744–1797
Edward
Duke of York and Albany
1739–1767
Princess Elizabeth of Great Britain
1741–1759
William Henry
Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
1743–1805
Henry
Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn
1745–1790
Princess Louisa of Great Britain
1749–1768
Prince Frederick of Great Britain
1750–1765
Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
1751–1775
Christian VII
King of Denmark
1749–1808
Caroline
of Brunswick
1768–1821
George IV
1762–1830
(regent
1811–1820)

r. 1820–1830
Frederick
Duke of York and Albany
1763–1827
Frederica Charlotte
of Prussia
1767–1820
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
of Saxe-Meiningen
1792–1849
William IV
1765–1837
r. 1830–1837
Charlotte, Princess Royal
1766–1828
Frederick I
King of Württemberg
1754–1816
Edward
Duke of Kent and Strathearn
1767–1820
Victoria
of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
1786–1861
Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom
1768–1840
Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom
1770–1840
Frederick VI
Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg
1769–1829
Ernest Augustus
King of Hanover
1771–1851
Frederica
of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1778–1841
Augustus Frederick
Duke of Sussex
1773–1843
Adolphus
Duke of Cambridge
1774–1850
Augusta
of Hesse-Kassel
1797–1889
Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh
1776–1857
William Frederick
Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
1776–1834
Princess Sophia of the United Kingdom
1777–1848
Prince Octavius of Great Britain
1779–1783
Prince Alfred of Great Britain
1780–1782
Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom
1783–1810
Leopold I
King of the Belgians
1790–1865
Princess Charlotte of Wales (1796–1817)
1796–1817
George V
King of Hanover
1819–1878
Marie
of Saxe-Altenburg
1818–1907
Charlotte
of Clarence
1819
Elizabeth
of Clarence
1820–1821
George
Duke of Cambridge
1819–1904
Augusta
of Cambridge
1822–1916
Frederick William
Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
1819–1904
Mary Adelaide
of Cambridge
1833–1897
Francis
Duke of Teck
1837–1900
Queen Victoria
1819–1901
r. 1837–1901
Albert
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1819–1861
Ernest Augustus Crown Prince of Hanover, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale
1845–1923
Thyra
of Denmark
1853–1933
Frederica
of Hanover
1848–1926
Baron Alphons von Pawel-Rammingen
1843–1932
Marie
of Hanover
1849–1904
Mary of Teck
1867–1953
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

House of Windsor

House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha / Windsor

Main article: House of Windsor

House of HanoverSaxe-Coburg and Gotha
William I, German Emperor
King of Prussia
1797–1888
Christian IX
King of Denmark
1818–1906
Queen Victoria
1819–1901
r. 1837–1901
Albert
Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1819–1861
Alexander II
Emperor of Russia
1855–1881
Frederick III, German Emperor
King of Prussia
1831–1888
Victoria, Princess Royal
1840–1901
King Edward VII
1841–1910
r. 1901–1910
Alexandra
of Denmark
1844–1925
Louis IV
Grand Duke of Hesse
1837–1892
Princess Alice of the United Kingdom
1843–1878
Alfred
Duke of Edinburgh/Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1844–1900
Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia
1853–1920
Princess Helena of the United Kingdom
1846–1923
Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein
1831–1917
Wilhelm II
German Emperor,
King of Prussia
1859–1941
Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1874–1899
Marie of Edinburgh
1875–1938
Ferdinand
King of Romania
1865–1927
Ernest Louis, Grand Duke of Hesse
1868–1937
Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1876–1936
Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia
1876–1938
Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1878–1942
Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
1863–1950
Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1884–1966
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Galliera
1886–1975
Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll
1848–1939
John Campbell
9th Duke of Argyll
1845–1914
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
1850–1942
Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia
1860–1917
Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany
1853–1884
Princess Helen of Waldeck and Pyrmont
1861–1922
Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom
1857–1944
Prince Henry of Battenberg
1858–1896
Gustaf VI Adolf
King of Sweden
1882–1973
Princess Margaret of Connaught
1882–1920
Prince Arthur of Connaught
1883–1938
Alexander Ramsay (Royal Navy officer)
1881–1972
Princess Patricia of Connaught
1886–1974
Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone
1883–1981
Alexander Cambridge
1st Earl of Athlone
1874–1957
Charles Edward
Duke of Albany/Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
1884–1954
Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein
1885–1970
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale
1864–1892
King George V
1865–1936
r. 1910–1936
Mary
of Teck
1867–1953
Louise, Princess Royal
1867–1931
Alexander Duff
1st Duke of Fife
1849–1912
Princess Victoria
1868–1935
Maud of Wales
1869–1938
Haakon VII
King of Norway
1872–1957
Prince Alexander John of Wales
1871
Wallis, Duchess of Windsor
1896–1986
King Edward VIII
Duke of Windsor
1894–1972
r. 1936
King George VI
1895–1952
r. 1936–1952
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
1900–2002
Mary, Princess Royal
1897–1965
Henry Lascelles
6th Earl of Harewood
1882–1947
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
1900–1974
Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester
1901–2004
Prince George, Duke of Kent
1902–1942
Princess Marina of Greece and Denmark
1906–1968
Prince John
1905–1919
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
and of Greece and Denmark

1921–2021
Queen Elizabeth II
1926–2022
r. 1952–2022
Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon
1930–2002
Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon
1930–2017
Prince William of Gloucester
1941–1972
Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester
b. 1944
Birgitte, Duchess of Gloucester
b. 1946
Katharine, Duchess of Kent
b. 1933
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
b. 1935
Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy
b. 1936
Sir Angus Ogilvy
1928–2004
Prince Michael of Kent
b. 1942
Princess Michael of Kent
b. 1945
Diana, Princess of Wales
1961–1997
King Charles III
b. 1948
r. 2022–present
Queen Camilla
b. 1947
Mark Phillips
b. 1948
Anne, Princess Royal
b. 1950
Sir Timothy Laurence
b. 1955
Prince Andrew, Duke of York
b. 1960
Sarah, Duchess of York
b. 1959
Prince Edward, Duke of Edinburgh
b. 1964
Sophie, Duchess of Edinburgh
b. 1965
Catherine, Princess of Wales
b. 1982
William, Prince of Wales
b. 1982
(1st in line[b])
Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex
b. 1984
(5th in line[b])
Meghan, Duchess of Sussex
b. 1981
Princess Beatrice, Mrs Edoardo Mapelli Mozzi
b. 1988
Princess Eugenie, Mrs Jack Brooksbank
b. 1990
Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor
b. 2003
James Mountbatten-Windsor
b. 2007
Prince George of Wales
b. 2013
(2nd in line[b])
Princess Charlotte of Wales
b. 2015
(3rd in line[b])
Prince Louis of Wales
b. 2018
(4th in line[b])
Prince Archie of Sussex
b. 2019
(6th in line[b])
Princess Lilibet of Sussex
b. 2021

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Title as King of England
  2. ^ a b c d e f The first six people in the line of succession are noted here because they must obtain the Monarch's consent before marrying.[1]

References

  1. ^ "Succession to the Crown Act 2013, s. 3". legislation.gov.uk.