Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. Please help this article by looking for better, more reliable sources. Unreliable citations may be challenged or deleted. (October 2020) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Fanouropita
Fanouropita.jpg
TypeCake
Place of originGreece, Cyprus
Cooking time 60 minutes
Main ingredientsflour
Similar dishesvasilopita

Fanouropita is a sweet pie recipe from Greek cuisine and is traditionally a Lenten cake, also called "The lost and found cake." It is traditionally served in St. Fanourios Memorial Day on August 27, given to Greek Orthodox believers as a blessing.

Fanouropita is oil-based and does not contain any butter or eggs so that it can be eaten on holy fasting days. Believers offer the cake expecting "revelations" on objects, people, or to find something they are looking for.

Greece is known for its many traditions, but one custom which primarily stands out is in memory of Saint Fanourios. The most celebrated patron saint of lost things is commemorated by baking a cake.

Etymology

The name Fanouropita is derived from the patron saint of Rhodes, Saint Phanourios. His name translates in Greek as "the one who discloses." (Greek verb: "φαίνω").[1] He is the saint of "lost things".[2]

Origin

The tradition of Fanouropita originated around 1500 AD, or 1355-1369 AD, to venerate the icon of Saint Fanourios when he was discovered untouched between ruins in Rhodes or Cyprus. In local Orthodox tradition, Saint Fanourios has been since known as the patron Saint of lost objects. When a lost object is revealed or found, followers of Saint Fanourios have often baked Propitiation in memory of his mother. His mother was known as a cruel sinner, sent to hell because of her shameful life. Fanourios prayed that her soul would be saved, begging God for her salvation.[3]

Description

Fanouropita is usually 25-30 cm diameter. It is puffy, oily, aromatic, and sometimes powdered with sifted white sugar.[4]

Ingredients

Fanouropita traditionally consists of seven, nine, or eleven ingredients, the number varying by region. In its simplest version, propitiation has only seven ingredients.[5] The essential, most common ingredients are: flour, vegetable oil, sugar, orange juice, baking powder, nuts, and raisins. Other ingredients may include cinnamon, cloves, soda, and water.[5]

Preparation

Solid and liquid ingredients are together separately from one another. Afterwards, the two mixes are mixed in a round baking pan, which goes into the oven at about 170-180°C for about an hour. Once out of the oven it is left to cool down and then powdered with sifted sugar.[6]

Tradition

Fanouropita is blessed in church and its pieces are offered to people.[1] According to tradition, it is offered for the forgiveness of the Saint Phanourios' mother, a sinful woman who was cruel towards the poor.[7]

In popular culture

In various areas of Greece and Cyprus, the tradition is followed by Orthodox Christians asking Saint Nefarious to "reveal" a job to the unemployed, to salvage an item that was lost, or to give health and find a groom for unmarried girls.[7][8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Φανουρόπιτα: Πώς τη φτιάχνουμε και τι συμβολίζει". Arcadia Portal (in Greek). 2017-08-26. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  2. ^ "Looking for Something? Bake a Fanouropita Cake for Lost Things".
  3. ^ "A Symbolic Cake named Fanouropita for the Soul of His Mother ⋆ Cosmos Philly". 27 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Φανουρόπιτα καλοφάγωτη, για "να φανερωθεί η τύχη σας!"". LiFO. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  5. ^ a b ""Άγιε μου Φανούριε, φανέρωσέ το" - Η παράδοση και τα έθιμα για τη φανουρόπιτα | ekriti". ekriti. 2017-08-26. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  6. ^ iefimerida.gr (2016-08-27). "Γιατί σήμερα φτιάχνουν Φανουρόπιτες -Τι συμβολίζουν". iefimerida.gr (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-05-30.
  7. ^ a b "Φανουρόπιτα: Συνταγές και το έθιμο". Madata.GR (in Greek). 2012-08-26. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  8. ^ eleni (2017-08-23). "Φανουρόπιτα: Τι συμβολίζει, πότε και γιατί την φτιάχνουμε". Συνταγες μαγειρικής (in Greek). Retrieved 2018-05-28.