Farmington, New Mexico
Farmington Civic Center
Baseball Town, U.S.A
Location of Farmington in New Mexico
Location within New Mexico
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 36°45′6″N 108°11′23″W / 36.75167°N 108.18972°W / 36.75167; -108.18972Coordinates: 36°45′6″N 108°11′23″W / 36.75167°N 108.18972°W / 36.75167; -108.18972
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountySan Juan
 • MayorNathan Duckett
 • Total34.95 sq mi (90.51 km2)
 • Land34.46 sq mi (89.25 km2)
 • Water0.49 sq mi (1.26 km2)
5,395 ft (1,644 m)
 • Total45,877
 • Estimate 
 • Density1,287.60/sq mi (497.15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−7 (Mountain Time Zone)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−6 (Mountain Daylight Time)
ZIP codes
87401, 87402, 87499
Area code(s)505
FIPS code35-25800
GNIS feature ID0902246

Farmington is a city in San Juan County in the U.S. state of New Mexico. As of the 2010 census the city had a total population of 45,877 people. Farmington (and surrounding San Juan County) makes up one of the four Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs) in New Mexico. The U.S. Census Bureau's population estimate in 2019 for Farmington was 44,372.[4]

Farmington is located at the junction of the San Juan River, the Animas River, and the La Plata River, and is located on the Colorado Plateau. Farmington is the largest city of San Juan County, one of the geographically largest counties in the United States covering 5,538 square miles (14,340 km2). The county seat and the other city in San Juan County is Aztec. Farmington serves as the commercial hub for most of northwestern New Mexico and the Four Corners region of four states. Farmington lies at or near the junction of three important highways: U.S. Highway 550, U.S. Highway 64, and New Mexico Highway 371.

It is on the Trails of the Ancients Byway, one of the designated New Mexico Scenic Byways.[5]

The primary industries of San Juan County are the production of petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Major coal mines are the Navajo and San Juan mines, operated by BHP Billiton 15 to 19 miles (24 to 31 km) southwest of Farmington. The coal mined from the Navajo and San Juan mines is used entirely for fuel for the nearby Four Corners Generating Station and San Juan Generating Station to produce electric power.


The area that is now Farmington was settled by Ancestral Pueblo people in the 7th Century. Ruins can be visited at nearby Salmon Ruins and at Aztec Ruins.[6] When the Ancestral Puebloans left the area, the Navajos, Jicarilla Apaches, and Utes moved into the area. A key part of the region was known in Navajo as Tóta' which means "where three rivers meet".[7]

Although Spanish and American mineral prospecting happened in the area, there were few permanent settlements. In 1868, the Navajo Nation was created, taking up the western half of San Juan County. Six years later, the U.S. government offered territory in the rest of San Juan County to the Jicarilla Apache but they refused. As a result, the area was opened for settlement and a number of settlers moved into the region from Southern Colorado.[6] The area was originally known as "Junction City" because of the access to the three rivers.[7]

In 1901 the town was incorporated and named Farmington with a population of 548.[6] By September 19, 1905, the railroad was finished connecting Farmington to Durango, Colorado, expanding economic and settlement opportunities. It was unusual in that it was a standard gauge railroad that connected to the Denver & Rio Grande Western narrow gauge lines of southwestern Colorado. The railroad converted the line to narrow gauge in 1923. The line was abandoned in 1968 and the line was dismantled to Durango in 1969.[8] In addition, in the 1920s there was significant investment in natural gas and oil in the area, although actual production remained low until the 1950s. With construction of a developed road connecting Farmington to U.S. Route 66 and Albuquerque in the 1940s and the construction of the San Juan Basin Natural Gas Pipeline in 1953 – a venture led by Tom Bolack – the population expanded significantly.[6] It grew from 3,637 in 1950 to 35,000 in 1953 and the expansion continued after that.[6] However, the significant connection to the energy industry made the economics of the town largely vulnerable to international market fluctuations during the 1970s energy crisis and resulted in some economic diversification.[6]

In 1967, as part of a joint U.S. Government-El Paso Electric operation, an underground nuclear detonation occurred 50 miles (80 km) east of Farmington and about 25 miles (40 km) south of Dulce, New Mexico in present-day Carson National Forest. This pilot project of Operation Plowshare, code-named Project Gasbuggy, was an attempt to fracture a large volume of underground bedrock to make more natural gas available for extraction by gas wells.[9]

The people of Farmington have been the subject of several civil rights investigations, including the 2005 report, The Farmington Report: Civil Rights for Native Americans 30 Years Later.[10]

On March 18, 1950, Farmington was the site of a mass UFO sighting in which over half the town's population was reported to have seen large saucers in the sky flying at rapid speeds.[7]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Farmington has a total area of 32.0 square miles (83 km2), of which 31.5 square miles (82 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) is water.

The Navajo Nation is west of Farmington, the Ute Mountain Indian Reservation is to the northwest, and the Southern Ute Indian Reservation is northeast of the city. Prehistoric Native American ruins are located nearby. Aztec Ruins National Monument and the Salmon Ruins are ancient dwellings located just to the northeast and the east of Farmington. Mesa Verde National Park lies about 40 miles (64 km) to the northwest, and Chaco Culture National Historical Park is about 50 miles (80 km) to the southeast.


Farmington has a semi-arid climate.[11] The city can experience hot summers and cold winters with low precipitation throughout the year. The average annual snowfall is 12.3 inches (0.31 m).[12]

Climate data for Farmington, New Mexico
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41
Average low °F (°C) 20
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.53
Source: The Weather Channel[13]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)44,372[3]−3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2010, there were 45,895 people and 17,548 housing units in Farmington. The racial makeup of the city was 62.8% White (including 52.4% White non-Hispanic), 1.0% African American, 22.2% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 4.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.4% of the population.

There were 16,466 households, out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 21.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.7 and the average family size was 3.19.

A.F. Miller store and home, Farmington, circa 1885, the first store in Farmington
A.F. Miller store and home, Farmington, circa 1885, the first store in Farmington

Arts and culture

Farmington has been the home of the Connie Mack World Series baseball tournament, played in August every year at Ricketts Park (capacity 5,072), for 50 years. Connie Mack league regular season play includes players age 16 to 18. The Connie Mack World Series consists of 10 or more teams from various regions around the United States, including from Puerto Rico.[16]

San Juan Plaza in Farmington is home to an annual strongman competition, which takes place the last Saturday of July.

Farmington holds a riverfest once a year. Area rivers are celebrated with a festival of music, fine arts, food, entertainment, a 10K and 5K run and walk, riverside trail walks, and river raft rides.

Piñon Hills Golf Course, designed by Ken Dye, in Farmington is one of the United States' Top Municipal Golf Courses. Owned and operated by the City of Farmington, Pinon Hills has been ranked in the Top Municipal Golf Courses by Golfweek Magazine for several years.[17]

Fishing, fly and reel, is a very popular activity in Farmington. Fishing is permitted on the San Juan River, Navajo Lake, Lake Farmington, Morgan Lake, the Animas River, Jackson Lake and Cutter Dam.


Farmington High School

The Farmington Municipal School District serves over 10,000 students in grades K-12 in 20 schools.[18] The high schools are Farmington High School, Piedra Vista High School, Rocinante High School, and San Juan College High School. There are four middle schools, Heights, Hermosa, Mesa View and Tibbetts.[19] New Mexico School for the Deaf operates a preschool facility in Farmington.[20] Navajo Preparatory School is a Bureau of Indian Education-affiliated tribal school.[21]

There are six private schools, if Navajo Preparatory is counted as one.[18] The National Center for Education Statistics counts Navajo Prep as public.[22] Sacred Heart School, Farmington (K-8), of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gallup, was established in 1910.[23]

San Juan College is a public two-year college with average enrollment of about 10,000.[24]: 2–2 

Farmington Public Library moved into a new building in 2003 and holds about 200,000 items in its collection. There was a branch library in Shiprock that is currently closed.





Intercity bus

Notable people


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  5. ^ Trail of the Ancients. Archived August 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine New Mexico Tourism Department. Retrieved August 14, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Claudia. "Farmington". New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Archived from the original on August 12, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c Hudnall, Ken; Hudnall, Sharon (2005). Spritis of the Border IV: The History and Mystery of New Mexico. El Paso: Omega Press.
  8. ^ "Farmington Branch". Archived from the original on July 3, 2017. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  9. ^ Szasz, Ferenc M. (2006). Larger than Life: New Mexico in the Twentieth Century. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press. p. 156.
  10. ^ "Report" (PDF). Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  11. ^ "Photo" (PNG). Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  12. ^ "Welcome to Farmington, New Mexico". Farmington Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
  13. ^ "Average Weather for Farmington, NM – Temperature and Precipitation". Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on July 20, 2018. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Farmington (city) QuickFacts". Archived from the original on February 19, 2016. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  16. ^ "History". official site. Connie Mack World Series. Archived from the original on September 15, 2010. Retrieved December 9, 2010.
  17. ^ "Best Municipal Courses 2011". Golfweek. May 25, 2012. Retrieved September 1, 2012.
  18. ^ a b "Schools in Farmington New Mexico". Farmington Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on March 13, 2008. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
  19. ^ "Farmington Municipal Schools". Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  20. ^ "About NMSD". New Mexico School for the Deaf. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
  21. ^ "Navajo Preparatory School". Bureau of Indian Education. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  22. ^ "Navajo Preparatory School". National Center for Education Statistics. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  23. ^ "Home". Sacred Heart School, Farmington. Retrieved January 13, 2022. Since 1910, Sacred Heart Catholic School has[...]
  24. ^ San Juan College Fact Book 2007 (PDF). Farmington, NM: San Juan College Office of Institutional Research. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 19, 2011. Retrieved May 18, 2008.
  25. ^ "Navajo Transit System - Home". Retrieved November 8, 2020.