Ward of Farringdon Within

Location within the City
Ward of Farringdon Within
Ward of Farringdon Within
Location within Greater London
Population276 (2011 Census. Ward)[1]
OS grid referenceTQ317812
Sui generis
Administrative areaGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLONDON
Postcode districtEC1, EC4
Dialling code020
PoliceCity of London
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°30′52″N 0°06′12″W / 51.51438°N 0.10343°W / 51.51438; -0.10343Coordinates: 51°30′52″N 0°06′12″W / 51.51438°N 0.10343°W / 51.51438; -0.10343

Farringdon Within is one of the 25 wards of the City of London, the historic and financial centre of London. It was formed in the 14th century from the sub-division of the pre-existing Farringdon Ward into Farringdon Within (inside the line of the Former London Wall), and Farringdon Without, beyond the Wall.

Farringdon Without and Farringdon Within are unconnected to the Farringdon area to the north, outside the City, in Clerkenwell. Southern Clerkenwell is sometimes referred to as Farringdon due to the presence of Farringdon Station, which was named after Farringdon Street and originally named Farringdon Street Station.[2]

Origin

Before the division of Farringdon ward

The Wards of London appear to have taken shape in the 11th century, before the Norman Conquest. Their administrative, judicial and military purpose made them equivalent to Hundreds in the countryside. The primary purpose of Wards like Farringdon, which included a gate, appears to be the defence of the gate,[3] as gates were the weakest points in any fortification. Farringdon was a very large ward and had two gates, Ludgate and Newgate.[4] lying just outside the gate).

Early charters show that the western boundary of the City and Westminster was pushed back to approximately its current position in around 1000, though the area outside the walls is thought to have been sparsely populated, if at all, at this time. The boundary markers at West Smithfield Bars were mentioned in 1170 and 1197.[5]

Early names for the undivided ward included the Ward of Ludgate and Newgate, and in the 13th century Flete Ward (after the River Fleet) and in the 14th Fleet Street Ward.[6]

In the 12th and 13th centuries it was common practice was to refer to wards by the name of their Aldermen. In 1246 the part of the undivided Farringdon ward outside the wall is referred to as the ward of Henry of Frowyk without.[7] and in 1276 the area was carried the name of another Alderman, as the Ward of Anketill de Auvergne.[8][6]

Farringdon was later named after Sir Nicholas de Faringdon, who was appointed Lord Mayor of London for "as long as it shall please him" by King Edward II.[9] The Ward had been in the Faringdon family for 82 years at this time, his father, William de Faringdon preceding him as Alderman in 1281, when he purchased the position. William de Faringdon was Lord Mayor in 1281–82 and also a Warden of the Goldsmiths' Company.[10] During the reign of King Edward I, as an Alderman and Goldsmith, William Faringdon was implicated in the arrest of English Jewry (some, fellow goldsmiths) for treason.[11]

Division of the ward

The Ward was split into Farringdon Without and Farringdon Within in 1394. "Without" and "Within" denote whether the ward fell outside or within the London Wall — such designation also applied to the wards of Bridge Within and Without.

The City of London's ancient wards, before the boundary changes of 1994 and 2013
The City of London's ancient wards, before the boundary changes of 1994 and 2013

21st century boundary changes

Since boundary changes in 2003 Farringdon Within is no longer entirely within the former wall. The ward now covers an area from Blackfriars station in the south to Barbican station in the north.[12]

Politics

Farringdon Within is one of 25 wards in the City of London, each electing an alderman to the Court of Aldermen and commoners (the City equivalent of a councillor) elected to the Court of Common Council of the City of London Corporation. To be eligible to stand for election, candidates must be Freemen of the City of London or own land in the City or have resided in the City for the whole of the twelve months preceding the date of the nomination.[13]

Population

The resident population of the ward is 276 (2011).[14]

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "City of London ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
  2. ^ Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground: A diagrammatic history. Capital Transport Publishing. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
  3. ^ London 800-1216: The Shaping of a City, Brook and Keir Ch 7
  4. ^ William Page (1923). "London, its origin and early development". Web.archive.org. p. 179.
  5. ^ Process, terms and sources described in detail in "London, 800-1216". Brooke and Keir, Chapter 7
  6. ^ a b Alfred P Beaven (1908). "'Aldermen of the City of London: Farringdon ward (undivided)', in The Aldermen of the City of London Temp. Henry III - 1912". British-history.ac.uk. London. pp. 143–144. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  7. ^ London 800-1216, Brook and Keir, p164
  8. ^ "'Ward of Anketill de Auvergne', A Dictionary of London". British-history.ac.uk. 1918.
  9. ^ Nicholas de Faringdon served as Lord Mayor 1308-9, 1320–21, and again, 1323–24
  10. ^ "'The Lord Mayors of London', Old and New London". British-history.ac.uk. 1878. pp. 396–416.
  11. ^ "'Gregory's Chronicle: 1250–1367', The Historical Collections of a Citizen of London in the fifteenth century". British-history.ac.uk. 1876. pp. 67–88.
  12. ^ City of London Corporation Archived 21 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine - Farringdon Within. Retrieved 20 October 2006.
  13. ^ "Notice of Ward Election - City Of London Ward of Farringdon Within - Election of a Common Councilman" (PDF). City of London Corporation. 24 June 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 24 April 2013.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)