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Fatehpur
Fatehpur Shekhawati
City
Nickname(s): 
Fatehpur
Fatehpur is located in Rajasthan
Fatehpur
Fatehpur
Location in Rajasthan, India
Fatehpur is located in India
Fatehpur
Fatehpur
Fatehpur (India)
Coordinates: 27°59′N 74°57′E / 27.98°N 74.95°E / 27.98; 74.95Coordinates: 27°59′N 74°57′E / 27.98°N 74.95°E / 27.98; 74.95
Country India
StateRajasthan
DistrictSikar
Government
 • Member of Legislative AssemblyHakam Ali Khan
Elevation
324 m (1,063 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total92,595
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
332301
ISO 3166 codeRJ-IN
Vehicle registrationRJ-23

Fatehpur is a city in the Sikar district of Indian state Rajasthan. It is part of the Shekhawati region. It is midway between Sikar city and Bikaner on National Highway 52. World & India's first Book on "BETI" written by Suman Lata Sharma (Resident of fatehpur shekhawati) "Shraddha Suman" [108] Bhajans of Shri Laxmi nathji [written by Suman Lata Sharma]

History

Fatehpur was established by Fateh khan Kayamkhani in 1449. Shekhawats later defeated kayamkhanis and took over Fatehpur and other area from them. After it remained under them till Independence.[1] It is also a location of battle with Maratha invaders in 1799 called the Battle of Fatehpur.[2][3] Fought between the Maratha Kingdom of Gwalior supported by General George Thomas and the Rajput Kingdom of Jaipur under Sawai Pratap Singh and Rora Ram Ji Khawas, which resulted in a decisive Jaipur victory.

Geography

Fatehpur is located at 27°59′N 74°57′E / 27.98°N 74.95°E / 27.98; 74.95.[4] It has an average elevation of 324 metres (1066 ft).

Behlim Kingdom 1922

Western View of Inner Haveli
Western View of Inner Haveli

Behlim Kingdom is a haveli built in the year 1922 by the legendary, Haji Deen Mohammad Behlim, one of the prominent figures of the region.

Qureshi Farm

The livestock farm was constructed in October 2011 and was officially inaugurated by the local MLA Bhanwaru Khan and Senior Yaqub Haji on 30 April 2012. The project 'Empower rural India through Goat farming via social media'[5] landed the owner Akbar Khan Qureshi as the Top 3 humanitarian projects[6] worldwide by Nations United.[7] The farm conducts research on breed development and maintains pedigree of Indian goats and camels.

Nadine Cultural Centre

Courtyard of 19th century Nadine Le Prince Haveli
Courtyard of 19th century Nadine Le Prince Haveli

A haveli was purchased in 1998 by French artist Nadine a descendant of prestigious French painter Jean-Baptiste Le Prince. The "Nand Lal Devra Haveli" (meaning "The Haveli of Nandlal Devra": Nandlal Devra is the name of the merchant who constructed the haveli) was originally built in 1802 by a rich family of traders, the Devras, who were officers at the court of the local Maharaja. Since then, Nadine Le Prince has entirely restored the palace and all the frescoes. She is doing much to preserve and restore the heritage of havelis throughout Shekhawati, working with other associations to give the havelis a second life.

Besides, she has opened a cultural center where her most precious paintings are exhibited along with many French and Indian modern artists' works to mingle old and contemporary art. The Kala Dirga Gallery of Contemporary Art features pieces made by artists about India; the Saraswati Gallery covers traditional themes of Rajasthan, through painting. In addition, there are two little Tribal Art Galleries exhibiting the artistic work of tribes, as Patachitras and Madhubani. The aim of the project is to offer the visitor a large panorama of works and visions of India; the exhibited artists and art are from France, from Jaipur Fine Art School and local Shekhawati painters.[8]

Le Prince has established a program of artists in residence and plans to organize other cultural events, such as dance and music shows, to make this enchanting palace become a lively place for art in all forms.

Dwarkadheesh Temple

The Dwarkadheesh Temple popularly known as 'Asharam Temple' was built in the 19th century by the sons of Seth Asharam Ji Poddar in memory of their father. The murals of this temple are representative of the famous Shekhawati wall paintings also known as 'Open Air Art Gallery'.

Jagannath Lohia Haveli

The Jagannath Lohia Haveli was constructed from 1857 to 1860. It's 50 feet tall and has some fine paintings of Radha and Krishna and shows some British men holding guns.

The haveli has Naal on one side and Nohra on the other, which can be used as open space for parking, swimming pool and is large enough to construct the two together. The Lohia's are now spread in various cities of India as well as Nepal.

Saraf Haveli

Wall painting in Saraf Haveli
Wall painting in Saraf Haveli

This haveli was built around 200 years ago. It is a destination for tourists visiting Fatehpur Shekhawati. The walls are decorated with original mural oil paintings. Its wooden doors are aesthetically crafted.

Sitaram Kedia Ki Haveli

This haveli was constructed by Seth Shree Bohitram Kedia, grandfather of the late Sitaram Kedia. Rajendra Kumar Kedia is an eminent author and book lover. He and his son Anurag Kedia are the current owners.

The haveli has two chawnks or courtyards a garden with fountain at back and Naals on both sides; the wall paintings are traditional. It has a library and modern baths. It was first haveli in Fatehpur to have electricity (via generators) and called Bijliwali Haveli. In 1931 AD Sitaram Kedia was married to the daughter of Bajaj family of Bisau. On this occasion Rao Raja Maharaj Shri Kalyan Singh Ji Bahadur of Sikar Thikana came to bless the couple. Seth Shree Bohitram Kedia brought an aeroplane (popularly called 'Cheel Gadi' or eagle craft) to scatter invitations printed on handkerchiefs for all and flower petals on His Royal Highness. Pleased with the courtesy and respect His Royal Highness granted the family of Seth Shree Bohitram Kedia permission was given to wear gold ornaments below their waist (a privilege that only royals enjoyed in that era).

Although most rooms are locked one can visit the haveli free of any charge, courtesy the Kedia family: Sitaram Kedia Ki Haveli, opposite Poddar Girls School, near Roadways bus stand, Fatehpur Shekhawati, Rajasthan.

Goenka Haveli

The Mahaveer Prasad Goenka Haveli Fatehpur established in 1870 is one of the best havelis in Fatehpur. The frescos and murals at the haveli are reflective of the craftsmanship that flourished in the area.[citation needed] The Goenkas were and still are affluent businessmen. Their haveli is one of the best to be seen in the Shekhawati Region. The havelis in Rajasthan in general and the havelis in Shekhawati in particular are famous for their colorful frescos. These havelis were owned by rich traders, for whom the havelis for most part served as symbols of status. However, the families then also used to be huge and anything less than a mansion in terms of size, would have been hard put to accommodate a family.

Moreover, business was also usually collectively owned by the members of the family- brothers or kins. The sharing of the sources of income led to the sharing of the same roof and more.

Description :

The Mahaveer Prasad Goenka Haveli Fatehpur In India has excellent paintings on the walls. Many of the paintings depict Lord Krishna's pastimes- his flirtations with the gopinis, his romance with Radha, are some of the most commonly seen. Lord Krishna happened to be an interesting and common subject for frescos all over Rajasthan, considering the popularity of the god in the region.

The main highlight of the Mahaveer Prasad Goenka Haveli In Fatehpur Rajasthan is the painted ceiling in an upstairs room. The Mahaveer Prasad Goenka Haveli Fatehpur Rajasthan can be reached by taking the main road north from the bus stand, and then turning left at the main intersection. The house to the left of the Mahaveer Prasad Goenka Haveli Fatehpur also has nice mirror work another common feature when it comes to discussing fresco art in Rajasthan.

Again, like most havelis in Shekhawati, the Mahaveer Prasad Goenka Haveli Fatehpur opens with a massive carved wooden gate. The gate opens into an outer courtyard. This outer courtyard then leads to a smaller inner courtyard. The havelis in Rajasthan are built around an elaborate network of courtyards. The bigger the Haveli, the larger number of courtyards it would have and the more particular they would be to preserve the sanctity of the women of the family- prohibiting them from having a glance of the outer world.

Jainism in Fatehpur

The Kashthasangh sect of Jainism continued to be practiced in Fatehpur among the Agrwals during the Kayam Khani rule, as attested by inscriptions of Samvat 1685, 1739, and then during the Shekhawat rule in sam. 1861.[9]

References

  1. ^ Hooja, Rima (2006). A History of Rajasthan. Rupa & Company. p. 412,497.
  2. ^ A particular account of the European military adventures of Hindustan, from 1784 to 1803.
  3. ^ Thirty decisive battles of Jaipur - Rao Bahadur Thakur Narendra Singh, Mansabdar of Jobner, Education Minister, Jaipur State - Pg 279
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Fatehpur
  5. ^ "The widest selection of Pureline and Eid Goats in India".
  6. ^ http://www.facesoftransformation.com/
  7. ^ "Projects | Nations United". www.nationsunited.org. Archived from the original on 27 February 2012.
  8. ^ Nadine Le Prince Cultural Centre
  9. ^ Bhattarak Sampraday, Vidyadhar Johrapurkar, Jivaraj jain Granthmala, 1958, p. 234-235