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Fersman Mineralogical Museum (Russian: Минералогический музей им. А. Е. Ферсмана)
Fersman Mineralogical Museum.JPG
Current headquarters of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum in Moscow
Fersman Mineralogical Museum is located in Moscow
Fersman Mineralogical Museum
Location within Moscow
Established1716
LocationMoscow, Russia.
CollectionsSystematic collection,Crystal collection,Locality collections,Pseudomorph collection and Gems and stone art collection
Collection sizemore than 135,000 items

Fersman Mineralogical Museum (Russian: Минералогический музей им. А. Е. Ферсмана) is one of the largest mineral museums of the world, located in Moscow, Russia. Its collections include more than 135,000 items. Among them natural crystals, geodes, druses and other kinds of mineral treasures. The museum was named after Alexander Fersman.

Original headquarters of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum - the Kunstkamera in Saint Petersburg.
Original headquarters of the Fersman Mineralogical Museum - the Kunstkamera in Saint Petersburg.

History

Early history

The museum was founded in 1716 in Saint Petersburg as a mineral cabinet of Kunstkamera.

On 5 December 1747 a great fire destroyed virtually the whole collection. Only the most valuable items were saved, including the "Silver Horn". In 1836 the Kunstkamera was divided into 7 separate museums, including Mineralogical museum which was moved to the new building. In 1898 the museum was significantly expanded and renamed the Geological museum.

In Moscow

Museum was moved from Petersburg to Moscow in 1934 together with the Russian Academy of Sciences. Thirty railway carriages were required to move the museum's collection of more than 60,000 specimens.

Collections

Constellation egg, an unfinished Fabergé egg in the museum's collection.
Constellation egg, an unfinished Fabergé egg in the museum's collection.

All museum acquisitions since 1716 were divided at the beginning of 20th century by the academician Vladimir Vernadsky to 5 main collections:

Directors

The museum is named after Alexander Fersman.
The museum is named after Alexander Fersman.

References

  1. ^ "The history of Fersman Mineralogical Museum 1 - Минералогический музей имени А. Е. Ферсмана РАН". www.fmm.ru. Retrieved 2020-05-18.

Coordinates: 55°43′7″N 37°35′34″E / 55.71861°N 37.59278°E / 55.71861; 37.59278