A field force in British and Indian Army military parlance is a combined arms land force operating under actual or assumed combat circumstances,[1] usually for the length of a specific military campaign. It is used by other nations, but can have a different meaning.

United Kingdom use

A field force would be created from the various units in an area of military operations and be named for the geographical area. Examples are:

Australian use

In Australia, a field force comprises the units required to meet operational commitments.[2]

Canadian use

The Canadian Expeditionary Force was considered as a field force created to participate in World War I.

United States use

In the United States, during the Vietnam War the term came to stand for a corps-sized organization with other functions and responsibilities. To avoid confusion with the corps designations used by the Army of the Republic of Vietnam and to allow for a flexible organization, MACV and General William Westmoreland developed the "field force" such as I Field Force and II Field Force. Unlike an Army corps, which had a size and structure fixed by Army doctrine, the field force could expand as needed and had other functions such as liaison with South Vietnamese and civil affairs functions and was flexible enough to have many subordinate units assigned to it.[3]

Police field forces

In counterinsurgency type campaigns, select and specially trained units of police armed and equipped as light infantry have been designated as police field forces who perform paramilitary type patrols and ambushes whilst retaining their police powers in areas that were highly dangerous.[4]

List of Police Field Forces, Paramilitary and Counter-Insurgency Units

 East Germany
 Gambia
 Indonesia
 India
 Ireland
 Kenya
 Kingdom of Laos
 Malaysia
 Moldova
 Mauritius
 Myanmar
 Namibia
 Nigeria
 Philippines
 Rhodesia
 Solomon Islands
 South Africa
 South Vietnam
 South West Africa
 Soviet Union
 Sri Lanka
 Syria
 Tanzania
 Thailand
 Turkey
 Vanuatu
 Zimbabwe

See also

References

  1. ^ p.88 Dupuy, Trevor N., Johnson, Curt and Hayes, Grace P. (1986). Dictionary of Military Terms: A Guide to the Language of Warfare and Military Institutions. The H. W. Wilson Company.
  2. ^ http://www.diggerhistory3.info/handbook/page/01-army-today.htm
  3. ^ Eckhard, George S. Vietnam Studies: Command and Control 1950-1969. Washington, DC: Department of the Army, 1991 p. 53. Online http://www.history.army.mil/books/Vietnam/Comm-Control/index.htm
  4. ^ p.Davies, Bruce & McKay, Gary The Men Who Persevered:The AATTV 2005 Bruce & Unwin