The Fijian honours system dates from the granting of Dominion status in 1970, when the Fijian Independence Medal was awarded to participants in the Fijian independence celebrations. Prior to two military coups, which deposed Elizabeth II as Queen of Fiji, ending the monarchy of Fiji, Fiji also had use of the British Honours System.

Republican honours

After Fiji was declared a republic, outside the Commonwealth of Nations in October 1987, there was no full honours system until 1995. However, in 1988 the Fiji Republic Medal was established with a military and civil division. The medal was awarded for meritorious and faithful service in the military, disciplined services, or civil service. For Fijian civilians, the medal was awarded for outstanding public service to Fiji.[1]

In 1995 with the passage of the Honours and Awards Act, 1995 established the Order of Fiji and a system of civil, military, and awards for the disciplined services. One recipient was Sir Paul Reeves, a former Governor-General of New Zealand, who was awarded this honour for his work in drafting the 1997 Constitution by the then President, Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara. Also made a Companion in 1997 was Satya Nandan. Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Sir Michael Somare was made a Companion during a state visit in 2006.[2]

The Order of Fiji has been a Commonwealth honour since 1997, when Fiji returned to its membership of the Commonwealth, albeit, as a republic in the Commonwealth of Nations.

Ben Ryan, was appointed a Companion of the Order of Fiji for coaching the Fijian Rugby Sevens team, who won a gold medal at the 2016 Summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Order of Fiji

Main article: Order of Fiji

The Order of Fiji is the most senior in the Fijian honours system. There are 3 grades plus a Medal, in General and Military division. Recipients of the Order are allowed post-nominal letters. The seniority within the Order are:

Other honours

The College of Honour oversees the recommendations for the Order of Fiji as well as nominations for Civilian Bravery Awards, referring them to the President of Fiji for approval. Nominations for awards of the uniformed services and the public service are made by the appropriate government minister and submitted to the President for approval.[3] Some of the other honours of Fiji with their post-nominals are as follows:[4]

Civilian Bravery Awards
Fiji Military Forces Awards
Fiji Police Awards

References

  1. ^ "THE REPUBLIC OF FIJI DECREE NO. 42 FIJI REPUBLIC MEDAL DECREE 1988". Pacific Islands Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Meeting the Prime Minister, Hon. Qarase, in his office". State Visit by Sir Michael Somare, the Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. Government of Fiji. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2013.
  3. ^ "The Honour System". Fiji Focus. Fiji Ministry of Information. 12 March 2011. p. 19. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 6 December 2014.
  4. ^ Tamplin, J.M.A. Honours and Awards of the Republic of Fiji. The Journal of the Orders and Medals Research Society, Spring 1998, Vol 37, No. 1 (238)