An extreme example of ornamentation as a fioritura from Chopin's Nocturne in D♭ major (Play (help·info))
An extreme example of ornamentation as a fioritura from Chopin's Nocturne in D major (Play )

Fioritura (/fiˌɔːrɪˈtjʊərə/ fee-OR-i-TURE, Italian: [fjoriˈtuːra], meaning "flourish" or "flowering"; plural fioriture) is the florid embellishment of melodic lines, either notated by a composer or improvised during a performance. It usually involves lengthy, complex embellishments, as opposed to standardized local ornamental figures such as trills, mordents, or appoggiaturas, and its use is documented as early as the thirteenth century.[1][2] The alternative term coloratura is less accurate.[3] It is closely related to the sixteenth-century practice of diminution or division.[4]

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