First Lady of Haiti
Premye dam Ayiti
Flag of Haiti.svg
Incumbent
Annie Claude Massiau
(Acting)

since July 20, 2021
ResidencePalais National
Inaugural holderSuzanne Simone Baptiste Louverture
FormationJuly 7, 1801
WebsitePremière Dame de la République d'Haïti

First Lady of Haiti (French: Première dame d'Haïti, Haitian Creole: Premye dam Ayiti) or First Gentleman of Haiti is the title attributed to the spouse of the president of Haiti.

The current acting first lady of Haiti is Annie Claude Massiau, wife of Acting President Ariel Henry, who has held the position since July 20, 2021.

Spouses

Spouse
(born-died)
Head of state In office Notes
Suzanne Simone Baptiste Louverture (around 1742–1816) Toussaint Louverture (as Governor-General) 1797–1802
Vacant (6 May 1802–1 January 1804)
Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité (1758 – 8 August 1858) Jean-Jacques Dessalines (as Governor-General, then Emperor) 1804–1806 as Empress of Haiti
Marie-Louise Coidavid (1778–1851) Henri Christophe (as President, then King of North Haiti) 1807–1820
Marie-Madeleine Lachenais (1778–1843) Alexandre Pétion (1807–1818) and Jean-Pierre Boyer (1818–1843) (mistress, never married) 1807–1843 Marie-Madeleine Lachenais was the mistress and political advisor of both President Alexandre Sabès Pétion and President Jean-Pierre Boyer. She never married either president, but exerted political influence during their tenures.
Vacant (1843–1845)
Cecile Fatiman Jean-Louis Pierrot 1845–1846
Laurence Raphael Jean-Baptiste Riché 1846–1847
Adélina Lévêque (1820–1878) Faustin Soulouque (President, then Emperor) 1847–1859 Empress Consort of Haiti from 1849 until 1859
Marguerite Lorvana McIntosh Fabre Geffrard 1859–1867
Marie-Louise Augustin Sinni Nissage Saget (Provisional President) 1867
Wilmina Delacourse Sylvain Salnave 1867–1869
Marie-Louise Augustin Sinni Nissage Saget (President) 1869–1874
Pauline Strattman Michel Domingue 1874–1876
Marie Claire Wilmina Phipps (1838–1897) Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal 1877–1879
Felicite Potiez Lysius Salomon 1879–1888
Marie Claire Wilmina Phipps (1838–1897) Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal (Provisional President) 1888-1888
Rose Marie Isaure Marion (1849–1929) François Denys Légitime 1888–1889
Adélaide Marcial Florvil Hyppolite 1889–1896
Constance Solomon Tirésias Simon Sam 1896–1902
Marie Claire Wilmina Phipps (1838–1897) Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal (Provisional President) 1902
Marie Louise Amélia Célestina Pierrot (1826–1908) Pierre Nord Alexis 1902–1908
Adelaïde Mentor Chéry François C. Antoine Simon 1908–1911
Reine-Joséphine Laroche (1849–1911) Cincinnatus Leconte 1911–1912
Rose Anselinette Durand (1857–1936) Tancrède Auguste 1912–1913
Alice Euchariste Pommeyrac (1863–1945) Michel Oreste 1913–1914
Véronique Péralte Oreste Zamor 1914-1914
Vacant (1914–1915)
Lucienne Marie Thérése Parisien (1879–?) Vilbrun Guillaume Sam 1915-1915
Vacant (1915–1922; "First Lady" filled by Philippe Sudré Dartiguenave's sister Gulna)
Hélène Saint-Mascary (1872–?) Louis Borno 1922–1930
Octavie Rigaud Roy Louis Eugène Roy 1930-1930
? Sténio Vincent 1930–1941
Georgina Saint-Aude (1892–1984) Élie Lescot 1941–1946
Lucienne Heurtelou (1921–2006) Dumarsais Estimé 1946–1950
Yolette Leconte (1918–1981) Paul Magloire December 6, 1950 – December 12, 1956
Lucia Pierre-Louis (acting) Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis (acting) December 12, 1956 – February 3, 1957 Provisional President Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis was unmarried during his presidency. He appointed his older sister, Lucia Pierre-Louis, to be First Lady of Haiti and official hostess. [1]
Dieudonne Auxilus Occide Jeanty Franck Sylvain February 7, 1957 – April 2, 1957
Carmen Jean-François Fignolé Daniel Fignolé May 25, 1957 – May 25, 1957
Marie Yvonne Charles Kébreau Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau June 14, 1957 – October 22, 1957
Simone Duvalier (1913–1997) Francois Duvalier October 22, 1957 – April 21, 1971
Michèle Bennett (1950–present) Jean-Claude Duvalier 1971–1986
Gisèle Célestin Namphy Henri Namphy 1986–1988
Mirlande Manigat (1940–present) Leslie Manigat 1988-1988
Gisèle Célestin Namphy Henri Namphy 1988-1988
Marie-Ange Nazon Avril Prosper Avril 1988–1990
Maryse Armand Abraham Hérard Abraham 1990-1990
Ernst Trouillot Ertha Pascal-Trouillot (acting) 1990–1991 To date, Ernst Trouillot is the only man to hold the position, while Pascal-Trouillot is the only woman to hold the presidency.
Vacant Jean-Bertrand Aristide February 7, 1991 – September 29, 1991 Aristide, a Roman Catholic priest until 1994, was unmarried[2]
Yannick Prosper Raoul Cédras September 30, 1991 – October 8, 1991 Raoul Cédras remained the de facto ruler of Haiti from 1991 until October 1994
Guerda Jean-Baptiste Nérette Joseph Nérette (provisional president) October 8, 1991 – June 19, 1992
Marie-Yolaine Sam Bazin Marc Bazin (provisional president) June 19, 1992 – August 30, 1993
Marie-Thérèse Jonassaint Émile Jonassaint (provisional president) June 15, 1993 – October 12, 1994
Vacant Jean-Bertrand Aristide October 12, 1994 – January 20, 1996 Aristide, who left the Catholic priesthood in 1994, was unmarried until 1996[2][3]
Mildred Trouillot (1963–present) Jean-Bertrand Aristide January 20, 1996 – February 7, 1996 President Aristide married Trouillot, a Haitian American, on January 20, 1996[3]
Guerda Benoît (1963–present) René Préval February 7, 1996 – February 4, 2001 President Préval married his second wife, Géri Benoît, sometime during his first term in a small ceremony at the National Palace.[4]
Mildred Trouillot (1963–present) Jean-Bertrand Aristide February 4, 2001 – February 29, 2004
Célima Dorcély Alexandre Boniface Alexandre February 29, 2004 – May 14, 2006
Vacant René Préval May 14, 2006 – December 6, 2009 President Préval was divorced from the time he took office in 2006 until his marriage to his third wife on December 6, 2009.[4]
Elisabeth Delatour Préval (1962–present) René Préval December 6, 2009 – May 14, 2011 President Préval married Elisabeth Delatour Préval on December 6, 2009, while in office.[4]
Sophia Martelly Michel Martelly May 14, 2011 – February 7, 2016
Ginette Michaud Privert Jocelerme Privert (interim president) February 14, 2016 – February 7, 2017
Martine Moïse Jovenel Moïse February 7, 2017 – July 7, 2021
Vacant Claude Joseph (acting president) July 7, 2021 – July 20, 2021
Annie Claude Massiau Ariel Henry (acting president) July 20, 2021 – present

References

  1. ^ "President Joseph Nemours Pierre-Louis New Chief of State of Republique d'Haiti (page 26)". Haiti Sun. 1956-12-16. Retrieved 2021-07-14.((cite news)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b Rohter, Larry (1994-11-17). "Aristide Decides To Quit As Priest". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-11-23. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
  3. ^ a b Pierre-Pierre, Gary (1996-01-21). "Many in Haiti Are Troubled By Marriage Of Aristide". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
  4. ^ a b c "Haitian President Marries Economic Adviser". Repeating Islands. 2009-12-08. Archived from the original on 2015-04-03. Retrieved 2019-05-27.