A request that this article title be changed to First ladies and gentlemen of the Philippines is under discussion. Please do not move this article until the discussion is closed.
First Lady of the Philippines
Unang Ginang ng Pilipinas
Liza Araneta Marcos at the 2022 inauguration of Bongbong Marcos.jpg
Current
Liza Araneta Marcos
since 30 June 2022
StyleHer Excellency
ResidenceMalacañang Palace
Inaugural holderHilaria Aguinaldo[note 1]
Formation23 January 1899

The first lady or first gentleman of the Philippines (Filipino: Unang Ginang o Unang Ginoó ng Pilipinas) is the courtesy title given to the host or hostess of Malacañang Palace, the residence of the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.

The title is traditionally held by the consort of the president of the Philippines, and as such is used to interchangeably refer to the spouse of the incumbent; however, this is rarely the case, especially for presidents without a living spouse at the time of their tenure. The position, which is customary in nature and dignity, merits no official remuneration from the state.

Liza Araneta Marcos is the current first lady of the Philippines, as wife of the 17th and current president of the Philippines, Bongbong Marcos.

Terminology

The host of the Malacañang Palace, who is usually the consort of the president, has been referred to in English as the "first lady" (Filipino: Unang Ginang). As Gloria Macapagal Arroyo took office as the first female president who is not a widow, the masculine form "first gentleman" (abbreviated FG; Filipino: Unang Ginoó) was used for her husband, Jose Miguel Arroyo.[2]

Role

The position of first lady or first gentleman is not an elected position, carries no official duties, and has no personal remuneration. Nonetheless, the title holder participates in humanitarian and charitable work on behalf of the president, often in line with his or her policies and programmes. Furthermore, many of the holders of this post have taken an active role in campaigning for the president, or have participated in public life through some other manner.

Imelda Marcos was given a formal job as Governor of Metro Manila and as Minister of Human Settlements by her husband Ferdinand Marcos during his 21-year rule. She is also the first incumbent first lady to enter politics by winning a seat in the Interim Batasang Pambansa in 1978.

Two former first ladies later won seats in Congress after their husbands' tenures in office. In 1995, Marcos herself became the first former first lady to win a seat in the House of Representatives. In 2001, Loi Ejercito became the first former first lady to win a seat in the Senate.

List


Pres No.

Portrait First Lady / First Gentleman In role Age at tenure start President
(Spouse, unless noted)
1
Portrait of Hilaria Aguinaldo
Hilaria Aguinaldo
February 17, 1877 – March 6, 1921
(aged 44)
January 23, 1899

March 23, 1901
121 years, 340 days Aguinaldo
m. January 1, 1896
2
Portrait of Aurora Quezon
Aurora Quezon
February 19, 1888 – April 28, 1949
(aged 61)
November 15, 1935

August 1, 1944
47 years, 269 days Quezon
m. December 17, 1918
3
Butterfly Gown.jpg
Pacencia Laurel
April 30, 1889 – January 1, 1963
(aged 73)
October 14, 1943

August 17, 1945
54 years, 167 days Laurel
m. April 9, 1911
4
Portrait of Esperanza Osmeña
Esperanza Osmeña
December 18, 1894 – April 4, 1978
(aged 83)
August 1, 1944

May 28, 1946
49 years, 227 days Osmeña
m. January 10, 1920
5
Portrait of Trinidad Roxas
Trinidad Roxas
October 4, 1900 – June 20, 1995
(aged 94)
May 28, 1946

April 15, 1948
45 years, 236 days Roxas
m. April 14, 1921
6
Portrait of Victoria Quirino
Victoria Quirino
May 18, 1931 – November 29, 2006
(aged 75)
April 17, 1948

December 30, 1953
16 years, 335 days Quirino
Daughter
[note 2]
7
Portrait of Luz Magsaysay
Luz Magsaysay
June 25, 1914 – August 17, 2004
(aged 90)
December 30, 1953

March 17, 1957
39 years, 188 days Magsaysay
m. June 16, 1933
8
Portrait of Leonila Garcia
Leonila Garcia
July 17, 1906 – May 17, 1994
(aged 87)
March 18, 1957

December 30, 1961
50 years, 244 days Garcia
m. May 24, 1933
9
Portrait of Eva Macapagal
Eva Macapagal
November 1, 1915 – May 16, 1999
(aged 83)
December 30, 1961

December 30, 1965
46 years, 59 days Macapagal
m. May 5, 1946
10
Imelda Marcos (1984).jpg
Imelda Marcos
Born (1929-07-02) July 2, 1929 (age 93)
December 30, 1965

February 25, 1986
36 years, 181 days Marcos
m. April 17, 1954
11 Vacant C. Aquino
Widow[note 3]
12 Amelita Ramos
Born (1926-12-29) December 29, 1926 (age 95)
June 30, 1992

June 30, 1998
62 years, 184 days Ramos
m. October 21, 1954
13
Portrait of Loi Ejercito
Loi Ejercito
Born (1930-06-02) June 2, 1930 (age 92)
June 30, 1998

January 20, 2001
68 years, 28 days Estrada
m. December 6, 1959
14
Portrait of Jose Miguel Arroyo
Jose Miguel Arroyo
Born (1945-06-27) June 27, 1945 (age 77)
January 20, 2001

June 30, 2010
55 years, 207 days Arroyo
m. August 2, 1968
15 Vacant B. Aquino
Bachelor[note 4]
16 Duterte
None designated[note 5]
17
Portrait of Louise Araneta Marcos
Liza Marcos[3]
(1959-08-21) August 21, 1959 (age 63)
June 30, 2022 62 years, 313 days Marcos Jr.
m. April 17, 1993

Non-spouses who held the distinction

Honeylet Avanceña, the partner of President Rodrigo Duterte, has taken on the duties of first lady on several state functions during Duterte's presidency.
Honeylet Avanceña, the partner of President Rodrigo Duterte, has taken on the duties of first lady on several state functions during Duterte's presidency.

On a few occasions, individuals who are not spouses of the incumbent president have temporarily performed tasks reserved for the first lady or first gentleman, effectively rendering them as the de facto holder of the position; most often they are a direct relative of the president. To date, only Elpidio Quirino, Corazon Aquino, and Benigno Aquino III had no spouse to assume the title of First Lady or First Gentleman.[4] Rodrigo Duterte did not appoint a first lady despite having Honeylet Avanceña as his common-law wife. In the case of Quirino, his daughter received the title as he was a widower upon his accession.

By president

Elpidio Quirino

Victoria Quirino-Gonzalez was the first lady for her father, Elpidio Quirino. She was made the official host of the Malacañang Palace.[5] However Victoria is regarded as the first to be named with the role of first lady. The spouses of previous presidents, from Emilio Aguinaldo to Manuel Roxas, were not given the title during their respective husbands' terms.[1]

Benigno Aquino III

Benigno Aquino III never married, so the palace hired professionals to manage tasks and duties customarily reserved for the first lady, such as organizing state dinners.[4]

On some occasions, he charged one or more of his sisters with entertaining local and foreign dignitaries.[6] During the 2015 APEC summit hosted in Pasay, his youngest sister, Kris Aquino served as temporary first lady for the event. Their other sisters, Ballsy Aquino-Cruz, Pinky Aquino-Abelleda, and Viel Aquino-Dee, also assisted him in his various duties.[7][8][9][10][11]

Rodrigo Duterte

Prior to his inauguration, incumbent Rodrigo Duterte declared his eldest daughter Sara would be the first lady despite having Honeylet Avanceña as his common-law wife. He was previously married to Elizabeth Zimmerman;[12] their marriage was annulled in 2000.

However, Sara Duterte was already mayor-elect of Davao City, and declined the offer.[13][14] Following her filing of a 10-day leave of absence until June 22, there were speculations that she did so to assume the role of first lady, but she neither denied or confirmed speculations.[15][16] Former Department of the Interior and Local Government secretary Rafael Alunan suggested that Vice-President Leni Robredo serve as de facto first lady[17] but this never materialised.

Avanceña nevertheless would fulfill roles usually conducted by the first lady such as during the official visit of Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe, and the 30th ASEAN Summit in 2017.[18]

Lifespan

OL First Lady or First Gentleman
Birth name
Birthdate
Place
Order of
tenure
Date of Death
Place
Age[19]
1 Amelita Ramos
Amelita Jara Martinez
December 29, 1926
Manila
11 Living 95 years, 355 days
2 Trinidad Roxas
Trinidad Roura de Leon
October 4, 1899
San Miguel, Bulacan
5 June 20, 1995
Quezon City
95 years, 259 days
3 Imelda Marcos
Imelda Remedios Visitacion Trinidad Romualdez
July 2, 1929
Manila
10 Living 93 years, 170 days
4 Loi Ejercito
Luisa Fernandez Pimentel
June 2, 1930
Iba, Zambales
12 Living 92 years, 200 days
5 Leonila Garcia
Leonila de la Serna Dimataga
July 17, 1906
Opon, Cebu
8 May 17, 1994
Quezon City
87 years, 304 days
6 Luz Magsaysay
Luz Rosauro Banzon
June 25, 1914
Balanga, Bataan
7 August 17, 2004
Quezon City
90 years, 53 days
7 Eva Macapagal
Evangelina Dela Cruz Macaraeg
November 1, 1915
Binalonan, Pangasinan
9 May 16, 1999
Manila
83 years, 196 days
8 Esperanza Osmeña
Esperanza Escolar Limjap
December 18, 1894
Manila
4 April 4, 1978
Makati
83 years, 107 days
9 Jose Miguel Arroyo
Jose Miguel Tuazon Arroyo
June 27, 1945
Negros Occidental
13 Living 77 years, 175 days
10 Victoria Quirino
Victoria Syquia Quirino
May 18, 1931
Manila
6 November 29, 2006
Amsterdam, Netherlands
75 years, 195 days
11 Pacencia Laurel
Pacencia Hidalgo y Valencia
April 30, 1889 3 January 1, 1963 73 years, 246 days
12 Louise Araneta-Marcos
Louise Cacho Araneta
August 21, 1959
Manila
14 Living 63 years, 120 days
13 Aurora Quezon
Aurora Antonia Aragon y Molina
February 19, 1888
Baler, Tayabas
2 April 28, 1949
Bongabon, Nueva Ecija
61 years, 68 days
14 Hilaria Aguinaldo
Hilaria del Rosario y Reyes
February 17, 1877
Imus, Cavite
1 March 6, 1921
Cavite el Viejo, Cavite
44 years, 17 days

Living former first ladies and first gentlemen

As of December 2022, there are four living former first ladies and one living first gentleman. The most recent first lady to die was Victoria Quirino (served 1948–1953), daughter of Elpidio Quirino, on November 29, 2006.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The term "First Lady" was first used for Victoria Quirino-González, who was the daughter of President Elpidio Quirino.[1]
  2. ^ Quirino's spouse, Alicia Quirino, was massacred along with the rest of the family during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines in World War II before he became President. Their daughter, Victoria, was considered First Lady.
  3. ^ Aquino's spouse, Benigno Aquino Jr., was assassinated before she became President. Her daughter Ballsy was considered as de facto First Lady.
  4. ^ Aquino was unmarried during his presidency. But his siblings was also served as the first ladies. Palace also hired professionals.
  5. ^ Duterte's marriage with Elizabeth Zimmerman was annulled before he became President. His domestic partner, Honeylet Avanceña at the time of his presidency was never designated as First Lady.

References

  1. ^ a b Lo, Ricky (15 May 2016). "The Fabulous First Ladies, 1897-2001". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  2. ^ Flores, Wilson Lee (2 March 2003). "Who were the best First Ladies?". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  3. ^ Cabristante, Raffy (26 June 2022). "Marcos says family preparing for his assumption to office". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 26 June 2022.
  4. ^ a b San Juan, Thelma Sioson (27 July 2014). "President who has no first lady: It is what it is". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  5. ^ Tejero, Constantino. "'Do not depend on a man': Why the Quirino women are the family's driving force". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 25 August 2021. When he (Elpidio Quirino) became president in 1948 (succeeding Manuel Roxas, who died of heart attack while in office), he made 16-year-old Vicky his First Lady and official hostess at Malacañang functions. He never remarried.
  6. ^ "President who has no first lady: It is what it is". Inquirer Lifestyle. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2021.
  7. ^ Lago, Amanda T. (26 June 2021). "The sisters Noynoy Aquino leaves behind". Rappler. Retrieved 9 September 2021.
  8. ^ "WATCH: Kris to host lunch for APEC first ladies". 9 November 2015.
  9. ^ "LOOK: Kris, sisters all set to host luncheon for APEC first ladies". 19 November 2015.
  10. ^ Montesa, Jon (11 November 2015). "Kris as APEC 2015 First Lady". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  11. ^ "Aquino's firsts". Rappler. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2022.
  12. ^ Vanzi, Sol (26 June 2016). "Duterte's women". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on 2 July 2016. Retrieved 29 June 2016. Although Duterte has announced that his official First Lady will be his daughter Sara, Honeylet will be keeping house for the President, wherever he decides to stay.
  13. ^ Alconaba, Nico (11 May 2016). "Mayor Sara turns down first lady job". Inquirer Mindanao. Retrieved 19 July 2016. The country’s next President still has no first lady after Sara Duterte-Carpio, daughter of presumptive President Rodrigo Duterte, turned down the offer.
  14. ^ "Duterte's families arrive separately in Malacañang". GMA News. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2016. During the campaigns, Duterte had said that he was planning to name Inday Sara as his First Lady, but she begged off citing her responsibilities in Davao City.
  15. ^ Carillo, Carmencita (2 July 2016). "Davao mayor takes a leave on first day of office". BusinessWorld. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  16. ^ Carillo, Lovely (13 July 2016). "Pulong denies Sara resigning". The Mindanao Daily Mirror. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
  17. ^ Macabalang, Ali (4 July 2016). "Leni pushed as Duterte's 'de facto First Lady' in official functions". Manila Bulletin.
  18. ^ Ranada, Pia (1 July 2017). "The evolution of Duterte's First Lady: Honeylet Avanceña". Rappler. Avanceña has been taking on so many tasks usually given to first ladies that even Palace photographers and captioners mistakenly called her “First Lady” in a photo release. Within hours, the Palace sent an email correcting the caption, replacing the title with “longtime partner.”
  19. ^ Updated daily according to UTC.