|First Lady of Nicaragua|
|Inaugural holder||Mercedes Avilés|
|Formation||April 30, 1865|
The First Lady of Nicaragua (Spanish: Primera dama de Nicaragua) is the title attributed to the wife of the President of Nicaragua, or their chosen designee, such as a daughter or other relative. The current incumbent first lady is Rosario Murillo, wife of President Daniel Ortega, who controversially became Vice President of Nicaragua under Ortega in January 2017.
The daughters of several presidents have assumed the role of first lady or acting first lady in recent decades. From 1990 until 1997, the government of President Violeta Chamorro, Nicaragua's first female president, designated her daughter, Cristiana Chamorro Barrios, in the role of first lady. Violeta Chamorro's husband, Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Cardenal, had been murdered in 1978 before she became president.
Likewise, former President Arnoldo Alemán was a widower and unmarried when he was inaugurated in January 1997. His daughter, María Dolores Alemán Cardinel, served as First Lady of Nicaragua from January 1997 until October 1999 under her father. In October 1999, President Alemán married María Fernanda Flores Lanzas, who assumed the role of first lady.
The incumbent first lady is Rosario Murillo, wife of President Daniel Ortega, who was held the position since 2007. Murillo had previously served as first lady during the 1980s as Ortega's domestic partner in a common-law marriage. The couple later officially married in 2005. During the 2016 Nicaraguan general election, President Ortega controversially selected his wife as his running mate for Vice President of Nicaragua, the second highest political position in Nicaragua. Murillo became Vice President in January 2017, simultaneously serving as first lady. She is "widely seen as the power behind the presidency" according to Lucia Newman, a journalist with Al Jazeera English and a veteran journalist on Latin America. In 2021, Ortega, who was seeking a fourth consecutive term, and Murillo were re-elected during an election marred by the arrest and detention of numerous political opponents of the Ortega government, including Cristiana Chamorro Barrios and María Fernanda Flores Lanzas, the former first lady from 1999 to 2002. Murillo was sanctioned by the European Union for human rights violations and undermining Nicaraguan democracy during the election, while the Biden administration banned Murillo and other officials from entering the United States.
|Portrait||Name||Term Began||Term Ended||President of Nicaragua||Notes|
|Salvadora Debayle||May 7, 1950||September 29, 1956||Anastasio Somoza García||Second tenure as first lady during the Somoza dictatorship. Anastasio Somoza was assassinated on September 29, 1956.|
|Isabel Urcuyo||September 29, 1956||May 1, 1963||Luis Somoza Debayle||Urcuyo was a Costa Rican-born diplomat.|
|Carmen Reñazco||May 1, 1963||August 3, 1966||René Schick||Reñazco had married Schick on March 16, 1937. President Schick died in office in August 1966.|
|?||August 3, 1966||August 4, 1966||Orlando Montenegro Medrano|
|Sara Mora de Guerrero||August 4, 1966||May 1, 1967||Lorenzo Guerrero|
|Hope Portocarrero||May 1, 1967||May 1, 1972||Anastasio Somoza Debayle||Portocarrero, an American, was born in Tampa, Florida, and married Somoza in 1950. First tenure as first lady.|
|Vacant||May 1, 1972||December 1, 1974||Liberal-Conservative Junta||Liberal-Conservative Junta, though power rested with the Anastasio Somoza Debayle dictatorship.|
|Hope Portocarrero||December 1, 1974||July 17, 1979||Anastasio Somoza Debayle||Second tenure as first lady during the Somoza dictatorship. Portocarrero separated from Somoza during this time, but never divorced. President Anastasio Somoza was overthrown in 1979 during the Nicaraguan Revolution. She remarried after her husband's assassination and died in 1991 as Hope Somoza Baldocchi.|
|Maria Luisa Muñoz||July 17, 1979||July 18, 1979||Francisco Urcuyo||Acting president|
|Position vacant||July 18, 1979||January 10, 1985||Junta of National Reconstruction||Junta of National Reconstruction led by Daniel Ortega.|
|Rosario Murillo||January 10, 1985||April 25, 1990||Daniel Ortega||Murillo and Ortega had a common-law marriage, but were not married at the time. She became first lady upon Ortega's inauguration. A poet, Murillo was also the director of the Institute of Culture during this time. Ortega and Murillo later married in 2005.|
|Cristiana Chamorro Barrios||April 25, 1990||January 10, 1997||Violeta Chamorro||Violeta Chamorro, Nicaragua's first female president, was a widow. Her daughter, Cristiana Chamorro Barrios, served in the role of first lady during her presidency.|
|María Dolores Alemán Cardinel||January 10, 1997||October 23, 1999||Arnoldo Alemán||President Alemán was a widower and unmarried from 1997 until 1999. His daughter, María Dolores Alemán Cardinel, served as first lady until his marriage in October 1999.|
|María Fernanda Flores Lanzas||October 23, 1999||January 10, 2002||Arnoldo Alemán||María Fernanda Flores Lanzas married President Alemán on October 23, 1999 and assumed the role of first lady.|
|Lila T. Abaunza||January 10, 2002||January 10, 2007||Enrique Bolaños|
|Rosario Murillo||January 10, 2007||Incumbent||Daniel Ortega||First Lady since 2007, Murillo is a highly influential figure in Nicaraguan politics. In 2016, Daniel Ortega selected his wife as his running mate for Vice President of Nicaragua in a controversial move. She has simultaneously held the Vice Presidency since January 2017.|