First Lady of Peru
Primera dama de Perú
Flag of Peru (state).svg
Lilia Paredes. Ceremonia de Acción de Gracias por el Perú a cargo de las Iglesias Evangélicas 0-26 screenshot (cropped).png
Incumbent
Lilia Paredes

since 28 July 2021 (2021-07-28)
StyleHer Excellency
(Diplomatic, outside Peru)
ResidencePalacio de Gobierno

The first lady of Peru (Spanish: Primera Dama del Perú) is the title held by the spouse or designated female family member of the president of Peru. The role usually fulfills functions of social work and accompanying the president. There have been a number of first ladies that have been foreign to Peru.

Lilia Paredes is the current first lady of Peru, as wife of the 63rd president of Peru, Pedro Castillo.

History

The first pioneer of political leadership in Peru was María Delgado de Odría, wife of President Manuel A. Odría, who developed extensive social work throughout the country aimed at those who needed it most.

In September 1919, Julia Josefa Swayne y Mariátegui, wife of Augusto B. Leguía (who had assumed the presidency in July of that year), died in London, unable to accompany her husband during the eleven years that he ruled.

In 1956, President Manuel Prado Ugarteche asked the Roman Rota to annul his marriage to Enriqueta Garland Higginson, who had already been first lady, which led a group of Catholic society ladies to go out dressed in mourning through the streets of Lima. The president remarried the socialite Clorinda Málaga Bravo in 1958, and until then the position was assumed by his daughter, Rosa Prado Garland de Parks.

In 1963, Fernando Belaúnde Terry assumed the presidency of the Republic, but the position of first lady was assumed by his sister Lucila Belaúnde de Cruchaga and by her daughter Carolina Belaúnde on some occasions, since the president was divorced from Carola Aubry. However, in 1966, on the occasion of the visit of Charles de Gaulle, the position was assumed by Carmen Jaime Torres, wife of the president of the Senate, Ramiro Prialé, interpreting the Congress that since the president of the Executive lacked a wife, the position should be assumed. by the wife of the President of the Legislative Assembly.

One First Lady who dedicated a lot of effort to welfare work was Violeta Correa, the second wife of Belaúnde Terry, who developed a series of actions with well-known Peruvian women, being also the creator of the so-called "family kitchens."

Pilar Nores, Alan García's wife, created in the eighties the Foundation for the Children of Peru, an institution dedicated to children in need and that would later be presided over by future first ladies. Susana Higuchi, Alberto Fujimori's wife, took over this foundation until her separation from her husband. After that, her daughter Keiko Fujimori took office at the age of 19, becoming the youngest first lady in the Americas and in the world.

Eliane Karp, wife of President Alejandro Toledo, served as First Lady and president of the previously mentioned Foundation for the Children of Peru. In 2002 the Office of the First Lady was created, from which she would support charitable causes. This office was dissolved by the government of Alan García in August 2006. After Nores and García's divorce was made public, his daughters, Carla and Josefina, became the ones who accompanied him to official events.

Corruption scandals

Much like their husbands, a number of first ladies of Peru have been implicated with charges of corruption under their spouse's administration.

Eliane Karp Toledo

Karp has been accused of money laundering. She testified under Congress in 2013.

Nadine Heredia Humala

The wife of president Ollanta Humala was accused of multiple crimes, and was arrested one year following Humala's administration and sent to testify under oath.[1]

List

No. Portrait Name Tenure President
(Husband, unless noted)
1 N/A María Ana Micaela de Echevarría y Santiago de Ulloa
?–?
17 July 1823

17 February 1824
José Bernardo de Tagle
2
Francisca zubiaga.jpg
Francisca Zubiaga y Bernales
September 11, 1803–May 8, 1835
September 1, 1829

December 20, 1833
Agustín Gamarra
3 N/A María Josefa Martínez de Pinillos y Cacho
?–?
April 24, 1834

February 23, 1835
Luis José de Orbegoso
4 N/A Juana Pérez Palza de Infantas
May 27, 1808–March 18, 1888
25 February 1835

7 February 1836
Felipe Santiago Salaverry
5 N/A Andrea Grados Donayre
1807–October 16, 1851
October 20, 1842

March 15, 1843
Juan Francisco de Vidal
6
Doña francisca diez canseco de castilla.jpg
Francisca Diez-Canseco y Corbacho
January 13, 1823–May 31, 1864
April 20, 1845

April 20, 1851
Ramón Castilla
7 N/A Victoria Tristán de Echenique
January 13, 1823–May 31, 1864
April 20, 1851

January 5, 1855
José Rufino Echenique
8 N/A Josefa Oviedo y Mollinedo
?–?
October 24, 1862

April 3, 1863
Miguel de San Román
9
Doña francisca diez canseco de castilla.jpg
Francisca Diez-Canseco y Corbacho
January 13, 1823–May 31, 1864
April 3, 1863

April 9, 1863
Ramón Castilla
10 N/A Juana de Tirado y Coronel-Zegarra
June 20, 1807–November 20, 1882
August 5, 1863

November 8, 1865
Juan Antonio Pezet
11 N/A María Magdalena Ugarteche Gutiérrez de Cossío
May 20, 1842–July 9, 1917
November 28, 1865

January 7, 1868
Mariano Ignacio Prado
12 N/A Francisca Javiera Vargas Maldonado
December 1, 1818–April 16, 1879
January 7, 1868

August 2, 1868
Pedro Diez Canseco
13 N/A María Paz y Graj
?–?
2 August 1868

22 July 1872
José Balta
14 N/A Manuela Sanz de Santo Domingo
August 31, 1838–?
July 27, 1872

August 2, 1872
Mariano Herencia Zevallos
15 N/A Mariana Barreda y Osma
August 31, 1838–?
August 2, 1872

August 2, 1876
Manuel Pardo y Lavalle
16 N/A María Magdalena Ugarteche Gutiérrez de Cossío
May 20, 1842–July 9, 1917
August 2, 1876

December 23, 1879
Mariano Ignacio Prado
17 N/A Manuela Molina
1820–March 10, 1890
December 18, 1879

December 23, 1879
Luis La Puerta
18 N/A Jesusa de Itúrbide Y Villena
c. 1842–February 17, 1914
December 23, 1879

November 28, 1881
Nicolás de Piérola
19
Francisco Garcia Calderon y sus hijos.jpg
Carmen Rey y Basadre
May 9, 1850–?
March 12, 1881

September 28, 1881
Francisco García Calderón
20 N/A Rosa Elías de la Quintana
October 8, 1829–February 7, 1888
September 28, 1881

November 6, 1881
Lizardo Montero Flores
21
AntoniaMoreno.jpg
Antonia Moreno Leyva
June 13, 1848–February 26, 1916
June 3, 1886

August 10, 1890
Andrés Avelino Cáceres
22
JustaMasíasyLlosa.jpg
Justa Masías y Llosa
1849–1925
August 10, 1890

April 1, 1894
Remigio Morales Bermúdez
23 N/A Jesús Salas de la Torre Urraca
?–?
1 April 1894

10 August 1894
Justiniano Borgoño
24
AntoniaMoreno.jpg
Antonia Moreno Leyva
June 13, 1848–February 26, 1916
August 10, 1894

March 20, 1895
Andrés Avelino Cáceres
25 N/A Teresa Álvarez-Calderón Roldán
1851–?
March 20, 1895

September 8, 1895
Manuel Candamo
26 N/A Carmen Heeren Barreda
1879–1949
August 18, 1915

July 4, 1919
José Pardo y Barreda
27 N/A María Isabel Olivera Mayo
1867–?
July 4, 1919

December 8, 1930
Augusto B. Leguía
28 N/A Francisca Benavides Diez Canseco
1886–?
April 30, 1933

December 8, 1939
Óscar R. Benavides
29
Enriqueta Garland Higginson.png
Enriqueta Garland Higginson
1884–1968
December 8, 1939

July 28, 1945
Manuel Prado Ugarteche
30 N/A María Jesús Rivera y Rivera
?–?
July 28, 1945

October 29, 1948
José Luis Bustamante y Rivero
31
María Delgado de Odría.jpg
María Delgado de Odría
December 28, 1900 – March 19, 1990
(aged 89)
October 29, 1948

July 28, 1956
Manuel Odría Amoretti
32 N/A Rosa Prado Garland
Born 1924 (age 97–98)
July 28, 1956

June 9, 1958
Manuel Prado Ugarteche
Daughter
Clorinda Málaga de Prado.jpg
Clorinda Málaga de Prado
July 3, 1905 – September 17, 1993
(aged 88)
June 9, 1958

July 18, 1962
Manuel Prado Ugarteche
33 N/A Eloisa Dolores Ferreyros Roldán
Born N/A
July 18, 1962

March 3, 1963
Ricardo Pérez Godoy
34 N/A María Álvarez del Villar de Lindley
Born N/A
March 3, 1963

July 28, 1963
Nicolás Lindley López
35 N/A Carola Aubry Bravo de Belaúnde
1921–2003
(aged 81–82)
July 28, 1963

October 3, 1968
Fernando Belaúnde Terry
36
Consuelo Gonzales Posada.jpg
Consuelo Gonzales Posada
June 18, 1920 – September 7, 2012
(aged 92)
October 3, 1968

August 29, 1975
Juan Velasco Alvarado
37 Rosa Pedraglio de Morales Bermúdez
February 1, 1920 – June 7, 1998
(aged 78)
August 29, 1975

July 28, 1980
Francisco Morales Bermúdez
38 N/A Violeta Correa
March 24, 1927 – June 1, 2001
(aged 74)
July 28, 1980

July 28, 1985
Fernando Belaúnde Terry
39
Pilar Nores de García.jpg
Pilar Nores Garcia
Born (1949-03-11) 11 March 1949 (age 73)
Birth country:  Argentina
July 28, 1985

July 28, 1990
Alan Garcia
40 Susana Higuchi Fujimori
April 26, 1950 – December 8, 2021
(aged 71)
July 28, 1990

August 23, 1994
Alberto Fujimori
Keiko Fujimori 2.jpg
Keiko Fujimori
Born (1975-05-25) May 25, 1975 (age 47)
August 23, 1994

November 22, 2000
Alberto Fujimori
Daughter
41 N/A Nilda Jara Paniagua
Born (1942-11-27) November 27, 1942 (age 79)
November 22, 2000

July 28, 2001
Valentin Paniagua
42
Portrait of Eliane Karp
Eliane Karp
Born (1953-09-24) September 24, 1953 (age 68)
Birth country:  France
July 28, 2001

July 28, 2006
Alejandro Toledo
43
Portrait of Pilar Nores de García
Pilar Nores Garcia[a]
Born (1949-03-11) March 11, 1949 (age 73)
Birth country:  Argentina
July 28, 2006

July 28, 2011
Alan Garcia
44
Portrait of Nadine Heredia
Nadine Heredia Alarcón Humala
Born (1976-05-25) May 25, 1976 (age 46)
July 28, 2011

July 28, 2016
Ollanta Humala
45
Portrait of Nancy Lange
Nancy Ann Lange Kuczynski
Born (1954-01-20) January 20, 1954 (age 68)
Birth country:  United States
July 28, 2016

March 23, 2018
Pedro Pablo Kuczynski
46
Photograph of Maribel Díaz Cabello
Maribel Diaz Cabello Vizcarra
Born (1970-03-27) March 27, 1970 (age 52)
March 23, 2018

November 10, 2020
Martin Vizcarra
47 Mary Jacqueline Peña Carruitero
Born (1963-11-17) November 17, 1963 (age 58)
November 10, 2020

November 15, 2020
Manuel Merino
48
Lilia Paredes. Ceremonia de Acción de Gracias por el Perú a cargo de las Iglesias Evangélicas 0-26 screenshot (cropped).png
Lilia Ulcida Paredes Navarro
Born (1973-04-23) April 23, 1973 (age 49)
July 28, 2021

Present
Pedro Castillo

See also

Notes

  1. ^ After her separation with her husband was made public, their daughters Carla and Josefina became unofficial first ladies, accompanying their father to official events.

References

  1. ^ "El escándalo de Odebrecht alcanzó a también a líderes políticos". América Noticias (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-10-12.