|First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine|
|Первый Секретарь ЦК КПУ|
Перший Секретар ЦК КПУ
|Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine|
|Style||Comrade First Secretary|
|Status||Party leader (republican level)|
Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
|Seat||Kyiv, Ukrainian SSR|
|Appointer||Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine|
|Constituting instrument||Party statutes|
|First holder||Mykola Skrypnyk|
as Secretary of the Organizational Bureau
as First Secretary
|Final holder||Stanislav Gurenko|
as First Secretary
|Abolished||30 August 1991|
|Deputy||Second Secretary of the Communist Party of Ukraine|
The First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Перший Секретар ЦК КПУ, Russian: Первый Секретарь ЦК КПУ) was a party leader of the republican branch of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The office' name alternated throughout its history between First Secretary and the General Secretary.
The secretary was the de facto leader of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic through Article 6 of the Soviet Constitution, which made the Communist Party of the Soviet Union the "leading and guiding force of the Soviet society". These powers were revoked with the revision to Article 6 on 24 October 1990 that removed the Communist Party's monopoly on power.
The First Secretary was elected at a plenum (plenary session) of the Central Committee, while each Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine was elected at the each Party's Congress. The longest serving secretary was Volodymyr Shcherbytsky with some 17 years.
The post of Secretary was elected by a plenum (plenary session) of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine beginning since July 1918. Until 1920 it was a single post of the Central Committee Secretariat. In 1920 Nikolay Bestchetvertnoi was dismissed as the secretary and the Provisional Bureau of the Central Committee elected Stanislav Kosior as the Party's Secretary.
Later in 1920 there were introduced a post of the Second Secretary which acted as a deputy of the First Secretary. In 1921 after Vyacheslav Molotov was dismissed as the First Secretary, he was replaced with Feliks Kon as the Responsible Secretary. Kon became the only party official with such title which he held until end of 1921. Starting with 1921 beside the First and the Second secretaries, there were elected some additional secretaries, first of which became Stanislav Kosior.
In March 1925 on a statement of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine the post held by Emanuil Kviring had changed its name to the General Secretary. Less than a month later a plenum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine reelected the party's leader Lazar Kaganovich with the new title name. In January of 1934 Stanislav Kosior was elected as the First Secretary returning to previous name which has been kept until the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
From 1927 to 1930, the Communist Party of Ukraine also had posts of a candidate to Secretariat members. Between 1931 and 1932 there were secretaries for specific types of industry as well as a separate secretary for the Donbas (Ivan Akulov). In June of 1937 there was introduced a post of the Third Secretary which existed until January of 1949. In May of 1940 a practice of electing a secretary for specifically assigned industry was renewed and continued throughout the World War II until the next planum of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine in January of 1949.
Until 1952 the Communist Party of Ukraine was officially known as the Communist Party (Bolsheviks) of Ukraine (CP(b)U).
|Term of office||Second||Congress|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|12 July 1918||9 September 1918||59 days||None||1|
|9 September 1918||22 October 1918||43 days||None||1|
|23 October 1918||6 March 1919||134 days||None||2|
|6 March 1919||30 May 1919||85 days||None||3|
|30 May 1919||10 December 1919||194 days||None||3|
|10 December 1919||23 March 1920||104 days||None||3|
|23 March 1920||25 March 1920||2 days||None||4|
|25 March 1920||17 October 1920||206 days||None||4|
|23 November 1920||22 March 1921||119 days||Dmitriy Lebed||5|
|22 March 1921||13 December 1921||266 days||Dmitriy Lebed||5|
|14 December 1921||10 April 1923||1 year, 117 days||Dmitriy Lebed||6|
|10 April 1923||7 April 1925||1 year, 362 days||Dmitriy Lebed|
|7 April 1925||14 July 1928||3 years, 98 days||Ivan Klimenko|
|14 July 1928||27 January 1938||9 years, 197 days||Aleksei Medvedev|
|27 January 1938||18 June 1938||142 days||Mykhailo Burmystenko|
|18 June 1938||3 March 1947||8 years, 258 days||Demyan Korotchenko||13|
|3 March 1947||26 December 1947||298 days||Demyan Korotchenko||15|
|26 December 1947||16 December 1949||1 year, 355 days||Leonid Melnikov||15|
|16 December 1949||4 June 1953||3 years, 170 days||Aleksei Kirichenko||16|
|4 June 1953||26 December 1957||4 years, 205 days||Nikolai Podgorny||17|
|26 December 1957||2 July 1963||5 years, 188 days||Leontiy Naidek|
|2 July 1963||25 May 1972||8 years, 328 days||Nikolai Sobol|
|25 May 1972||28 September 1989||17 years, 95 days||Ivan Lutak|
|28 September 1989||23 June 1990||299 days||Stanislav Hurenko||27|
|23 June 1990||30 August 1991||1 year, 68 days||Leonid Kravchuk|