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Asturias
Flag of Asturias.svg
NameAsturina, Azuleste[1]
UseNational flag and ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Proportion2:3
AdoptedDecember 19, 1990 (current version, as established in Law 4/1990)
DesignThe Victory Cross in yellow, off-centred toward the hoist, over blue.
Flag of Asturias (indoor).svg
Variant flag of Asturias
UseCivil flag and ensign
Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Proportion2:3
Adopted28 May 1785 (original naval ensign version)
5 October 1981 (current version, changed coat of arms)
DesignThe Victory Cross in yellow, centred, over blue.
Flags of Asturias, Spain, and the European Union flying in front of the Asturian presidency of government building.
Flags of Asturias, Spain, and the European Union flying in front of the Asturian presidency of government building.

The flag of Asturias shows the "Cruz de la Victoria" (Victory Cross) in yellow (PMS 109) over blue (PMS 829).

History

The origin of the flag of Asturias is in 1808, during the Peninsular War. As there was not any Spanish official flag yet, Asturians created the current flag, without any separatist intention in the war against the Napoleon's empire.[2] In its first version, it included the motto Asturias jamás vencida (Asturias never defeated).

Color specifications

Scheme Blue Yellow
Pantone 829 109
RGB 0-102-255 247-212-23
HTML #0066FF #F7D417

Design

According to the tradition, the Victory Cross was carried by Pelagius, first King of Asturias, in the decisive Battle of Covadonga against the Moors in 722. This battle, fought in the mountains of Asturias, was hailed by 19th and 20th century historiography as the start of the Reconquista, the Christian re-conquest of the Iberian peninsula from the Moorish domination. However, there is not any historical evidence about the use of this cross.

In 908 the Asturian King Alfonso III the Great ordered that the original wooden cross, made of oak, be clad in gold and precious stones. Currently, it is kept in the Holy Chamber of the Oviedo Cathedral.

The Greek letters Alpha and Omega hang from its horizontal axis. This is a direct reference to the Book of Revelation (verses 1:8, 21:6, and 22:13)., I am the Alpha and the Omega, the beginning and the end, says the Lord God, who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.

Variations

See also

References

  1. ^ Miguel Ramos Corrada (2002). Historia de la Lliteratura Asturiana (in Asturian). ISBN 9788481683356. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  2. ^ "Los tres momentos históricos en los que Asturias pudo ser independiente" (in Spanish). La Voz de Asturias. 8 September 2016. Retrieved 8 September 2016.