Republic of Chad
"Les trois barres"
UseNational flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag Reverse side is mirror image of obverse side
Proportion2:3
Adopted6 November 1959; 64 years ago (1959-11-06)
DesignA vertical tricolor of blue, gold, and red.
Chad flag on the Embassy of Chad in Paris, France

The national flag of Chad (Arabic: علم تشاد, French: Drapeau du Tchad) is a vertical tricolour consisting (left to right) of a blue, a gold and a red field.[1] Since the 1990s, its similarity to the flag of Romania has caused international discussion.

Description

The flag of Chad is a vertical tricolour consisting (left to right) of a blue, a gold and a red column. These were intended to be a combination of the colours of blue, white and red as seen on the flag of France with the Pan-African colours of green, yellow and red as seen on the flag of Ethiopia.[2] Furthermore, the blue represents the sky and hope; the gold is the sun and desert, and the red signifies the blood shed over independence.[3]

The flag was adopted in 1959 for the autonomous republic and retained on independence in 1960, and in the constitution of 1962. Despite many political upheavals within Chad since independence, the flag has not been changed. This may be because the flag is not associated with any of the main power rivals within Chad, which had no sense of national identity before independence, and little after independence.[4]

Similarity with Romanian flag

The flag of Chad is almost identical to the national flags of Romania, Moldova and Andorra (with the latter two also including the respective country's coat of arms), although the colours in Chad flags may vary more than those specified for Romania. Romania has used the flag since 1866, which appeared for the first time in its current form in Wallachia. It was officially in use from 1866 until 1948, when it was superseded by the flag of the Socialist Republic of Romania. Chad began to use its present flag in 1960, after it achieved independence from France. When Chad adopted its flag, Romania's flag also included an emblem in the middle of the flag on top of the tricolour; this was added after World War II during the Communist era of the second half of the 20th century. However, in 1989 Romania's Communist government was overthrown and the insignia was removed, reverting Romania's flag to the prewar version which matched the one which had been adopted by Chad in the meantime.[5]

The issue of Romania and Chad sharing similar flags has concerned the Chadian government on occasion; they requested in 2004 the United Nations to examine the issue. In response, Romanian President Ion Iliescu stated that no change would occur to the flag, as the existence of Romania's tricolour predates the existence of Chad as a whole: "The tricolour belongs to us. We will not give up the tricolour."[5]

Historical flags

See also

References

  1. ^ "Constitution of Chad" (PDF). presidence.td (in French). Chadian government. 31 March 1996. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 31 January 2017. L'emblème national est le drapeau tricolore, bleu, or, rouge à bandes verticales et à dimensions égales, le bleu étant du côté de la hampe.
  2. ^ MacDonald, Ian (20 November 2013). "Chad". Flags of the World. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  3. ^ Minahan, James (2010). The complete guide to national symbols and emblems. Santa Barbara, Calif.: Greenwood Press. p. 806. ISBN 978-0-313-34496-1. OCLC 436221284.
  4. ^ Vagnat, Pascal (2000). Constitutions : what they tell us about national flags and coats of arms. Jos Poels. [Johannesburg, South Africa]: Southern African Vexillological Association (SAVA). ISBN 0-620-27350-X. OCLC 436864297.
  5. ^ a b "'Identical flag' causes flap in Romania". BBC News. 14 April 2004. Retrieved 4 November 2016.