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Republic of Madagascar
UseNational flag and ensign
Adopted14 October 1958; 65 years ago (1958-10-14)
DesignTwo horizontal bands of red and green with a white vertical band on the hoist side
UsePresidential standard
DesignThe National flag with the Seal of Madagascar in the center of the tri-point with the initials "R. M." in the canton.
Malagasy flag

The national flag of Madagascar (Malagasy: sainan'i Madagasikara; French: drapeau de Madagascar) was adopted on 14 October 1958,[1] two years before the independence as they prepared for a referendum on its status in the French Community.

The colors of the flag represent Madagascar's history and traditional peasant classes.[1] Red and white were the colors of the Merina kingdom, which was conquered by France in 1896.[2] They were used in the flag of the last Merina monarch, Queen Ranavalona III. Green was the color of the Hova, the largest class of peasant commoners, who played a significant role in anti-French agitation and the independence movement.

Current flags



Historical flags

Presidential Standards

Malagasy Republic

Democratic Republic of Madagascar

Third Republic of Madagascar

See also


  1. ^ a b "Malagasy Flag". World Atlas. 24 February 2021. Archived from the original on 25 April 2019. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  2. ^ Smith, Whitney; Young, Grace (February 16, 2001). "Flag of Madagascar". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Archived from the original on February 14, 2021. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  3. ^ Merina local flag (Madagascar) Archived 2015-09-10 at the Wayback Machine. Flags of the World (2015-05-20). Retrieved on 2017-10-17.