Green Mountain Boys flag
Flag of the Vermont Republic.svg
UseCivil and war flag
ProportionApprox. 2:3
AdoptedCirca 1776
DesignGreen field with a blue canton containing 13 white stars in a "natural pattern"

The Green Mountain Boys flag, also known as the Stark flag, is a reconstruction of a regimental flag commonly stated to have been used by the Green Mountain Boys.[1][2] A remnant of a Green Mountain Boys flag, originally belonging to John Stark, is owned by the Bennington Museum.[3] It still exists as one of the few regimental flags from the American Revolution. Although Stark was at the Battle of Bennington and likely flew this flag, the battle has become more commonly associated with the Bennington flag, which is believed to be a 19th-century banner.[4]

Today the flag is used as the regimental flag of the Vermont National Guard unit. The regimental flag, known also as a "battle flag" or war flag, accompanies the unit on battle assignments and is physically handed to the commander of the regiment, as described by former Vermont National Guard Adjutant General Martha Rainville in an interview.[5] The flag is also a symbol of the Vermont secessionist movement.[citation needed] The Castleton University football team has also featured the flag in its pre-game ceremonies since its inception in 2009.[citation needed]

Design

The common reconstruction consists of a green field and a constellation of thirteen five-pointed white stars representing the thirteen colonies arranged in a natural pattern within an azure canton. The existing fragments consist of the canton from the flag, which has remnants of green silk on three sides, and a piece of green cloth with flourish from elsewhere on the flag.[3]

Surviving Canton of the original flag, now held at the Bennington Museum.[6]
Surviving Canton of the original flag, now held at the Bennington Museum.[6]
A Vermont National Guard unit displaying the flag while abroad.
A Vermont National Guard unit displaying the flag while abroad.
Replica of the 1777 flag from the Battle of Bennington.
Replica of the 1777 flag from the Battle of Bennington.

See also

References

Footnotes

  1. ^ William J. Bennett, John T. E. Cribb, The American Patriot's Almanac, Thomas Nelson Inc, 2008, p 34 states this flag was flown by the Green Mountain Boys at the Battle of Bennington, August 16, 1777.
  2. ^ Karen Price Hossell, Ethan Allen, Heinemann-Raintree Classroom, 2004, p 14.
  3. ^ a b Martucci, Dave (December 2008). "INFORMATION AND MISINFORMATION" (PDF). The New England Journal of Vexillology. New England Vexillogical Association (23): 1–2. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
  4. ^ Cooper, Grace Rogers, Thirteen Star Flags, Smithsonian Institution Press, 1973, p 30. Available online (21.7 MB).
  5. ^ Major General Rainville describing examples of flag return from Iraq, Afghanistan or Bosnia
  6. ^ "Object Record".((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)

Notations