Florida Democratic Party
ChairpersonManny A. Diaz
Senate Minority LeaderLauren Book
House Minority LeaderEvan Jenne
Founded1834; 188 years ago (1834)
Headquarters201 South Monroe Street
Tallahassee, FL 32301
Student wingFlorida College Democrats
Youth wingFlorida Young Democrats
Women's wingDemocratic Women's Club of Florida
Membership (2022)Decrease5,034,448[1]
IdeologySocial liberalism
Modern liberalism
Progressivism
Political positionCenter
National affiliationDemocratic Party
Colors    Capri, Prussian Blue
Senate
15 / 40
House of Representatives
40 / 120
Statewide Executive Offices
1 / 6
U.S. Senate
0 / 2
U.S. House of Representatives
11 / 27
Website
www.floridadems.org

The Florida Democratic Party (FDP) is the affiliate of the Democratic Party in the U.S. state of Florida, headquartered in Tallahassee. Former mayor of Miami Manny Diaz Sr. is the current chair.

Andrew Jackson, the first territorial governor of Florida in 1821, co-founded the Democratic Party. After Florida achieved statehood, the party dominated state politics until the 1950s, after which Florida became a swing state.

Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, Florida Democrats have prioritized advocating Medicaid expansion in the state, a policy that would provide a federally subsidized health insurance plan to approximately one million Floridians.

History

Andrew Jackson was the first Territorial Governor of Florida in 1821.
Andrew Jackson was the first Territorial Governor of Florida in 1821.

The Florida Democratic Party has historically dominated Florida's state and local politics. Andrew Jackson, the first territorial governor of Florida in 1821, co-founded the Democratic Party. As Florida moved from territory to statehood status, FDP emerged from the locofocos.[2] John Milton led the party, and became governor of the state, during the Civil War era.[3]

There were no Republican governors from 1877 until 1967, when Claude R. Kirk, a Republican from Jacksonville, was sworn in as governor of Florida.

Florida politics was largely dominated by the Democrats until Richard Nixon's Southern strategy, which took advantage of objections to the advances of the Civil Rights Movement which resulted in a regional political realignment for the South. After Nixon's victory in 1968, the state voted Democratic in only four presidential elections: 1976 (Jimmy Carter), 1996 (Bill Clinton), 2008 (Barack Obama), and 2012 (Barack Obama). The presidential election in 2000 was decided by a margin of 537 votes out of approximately six million cast in the state, earning George W. Bush the presidency over Al Gore.

The Florida Senate was dominated by Democrats until 1992, when a majority of Republicans was elected. The Florida House of Representatives turned Republican after the November 1996 election. The Florida Legislature became the first legislature in any of the states of the former Confederacy to come under complete Republican control when the Republicans gained control of the House and Senate in the 1996 election.

Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, Florida Democrats have prioritized advocating Medicaid expansion in the state, a policy that would provide a federally subsidized healthcare plan to approximately one million Floridians.[4][5]

Governance

The current chairman of the FDP is former Mayor of Miami Manny Diaz Sr., who succeeded Terrie Rizzo on January 9, 2021.[6]

List of chairs

House leaders

Organization

The State Executive Committee of the Florida Democratic Party is organized into six standing committees. Standing committees include: the Rules Committee, the Judicial Council, the Diversity and Inclusion Committee, the Committee on Clubs, Organizations, and Caucuses, the Legislative Liaison Committee, and the Campaign Committee.[25]

Platform

The Florida Democratic Party has adopted a platform that covers a wide range of topics and issues under the following headings:[26]

Current elected officials

The following is a list of Democratic statewide, federal, and legislative officeholders as of October 23, 2018:

Members of Congress

U.S. Senate

Both of Florida's U.S. Senate seats have been held by Republicans since 2019. Bill Nelson was the last Democrat to represent Florida in the U.S. Senate. First elected in 2000, Nelson lost his bid for a fourth term in 2018 to Republican governor Rick Scott.

U.S. House of Representatives

Out of the 27 seats Florida is apportioned in the U.S. House of Representatives, 11 are held by Democrats:

District Member Photo
5th Al Lawson
Al Lawson 116th Congress.jpg
7th Stephanie Murphy
Stephanie Murphy official photo (cropped).jpg
9th Darren Soto
Darren Soto 115th Congress photo (cropped).jpg
10th Val Demings
Val Demings, Official Portrait, 115th Congress (cropped).jpg
13th Charlie Crist
Charlie Crist 115th Congress photo (cropped).jpg
14th Kathy Castor
Kathy Castor (cropped).jpg
20th Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick
Rep. Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick - 117th Congress.jpg
21st Lois Frankel
Lois Frankel, Official portrait, 113th Congress (cropped).jpg
22nd Ted Deutch
Ted Deutch (cropped).jpg
23rd Debbie Wasserman Schultz
Debbie Wasserman Schultz 116th Congress.jpg
24th Frederica Wilson
Frederica Wilson official House portrait (cropped).jpg

State

Statewide officials

Democrats control one of the four elected statewide offices:

State legislative leaders

State Senate

Democrats hold a 16-seat minority in the 40-member Florida Senate:

State House

Democrats hold a 47-seat minority in the 120-seat Florida House of Representatives:

Mayoral offices

Some of the state's major cities have Democratic mayors. As of 2019, Democrats control the mayor's offices in five of Florida's ten largest cities:

Former Florida governors and U.S. senators

Governors

Photo Former governors of Florida
Buddymackay.JPG
Buddy MacKay
SenatorChiles.jpg
Lawton Chiles
John Wayne Mixson.jpg
Wayne Mixson
Bob Graham, official Senate photo portrait, color.jpg
Bob Graham
Florida Governor Reubin Askew.jpg
Reubin Askew
42 Burns.jpg
W. Haydon Burns
Cecil Bryant.jpg
C. Farris Bryant
LeRoy Collins.jpg
LeRoy Collins
Daniel Thomas McCarty (1912–1953).jpg
Daniel McCarty
37 Warren.jpg
Fuller Warren
Millard F. Caldwell.jpg
Miller Caldwell
Spessard Holland.JPG
Spessard Holland
Florida Governor Frederick Cone.jpg
Fred Cone
33 Sholtz.jpg
David Sholtz
Doyle E. Carlton.jpg
Doyle Carlton
Florida Governor John Martin.jpg
John Martin
Cary Hardee portrait.jpg
Cary Hardee
Park Trammell.jpg
Park Trammell
Florida Governor Albert W. Gilchrist.jpg
Albert Gilchrist
Napoleon Bonaparte Broward.jpg
Napoleon Broward
William Sherman Jennings.jpg
William Jennings
Florida Governor William Bloxham.jpg
William Bloxham
Henry L Mitchell.jpg
Henry Mitchell
FPFleming.jpg
Francis Fleming
Florida Governor Edward A. Perry.jpg
Edward Perry
Florida Governor William Bloxham.jpg
William Bloxham
Florida Governor George Franklin Drew.jpg
George Drew
Florida Governor Abraham K. Allison.jpg
Abraham Allison
John Milton Florida.jpg
John Milton
Florida Governor Madison S. Perry.jpg
Madison Perry
Florida Governor James E. Broome.jpg
James Broome
Wiliam Dunn Moseley gv000500.jpg
William Moseley

United States senators

Photo Former U.S. senators from Florida
Bill Nelson.jpg
Bill Nelson
Bob Graham, official Senate photo portrait, color.jpg
Bob Graham
Lawton Chiles Governor portrait.jpg
Lawton Chiles
Richardbernardstone.jpg
Richard Stone
George smathers.jpg
George Smathers
Sen Spessard Holland.jpg
Spessard Holland
Charlesoscarandrews.jpg
Charles Andrews
Scottloftin.jpg
Scott Loftin
Claude Denson Pepper.jpg
Claude Pepper
Williamlutherhill.jpg
William Luther Hill
Park Trammell.jpg
Park Trammell
Nathanpbryan.jpg
Nathan Bryan
JamesPTaliaferro.jpg
James Taliaferro
Duncanupshawfletcher.jpg
Duncan Fletcher
Williamhallmilton.jpg
William Milton
Williamjamesbryan.jpg
William James Bryan
SamuelPasco.jpg
Samuel Pasco
Charles W. Jones - Brady-Handy.jpg
Charles Jones
SRMalloryII.jpg
Stephen Mallory II
Wilkinson Call - Brady-Handy.jpg
Wilkinson Call
Hon. John A. Gurley, Ohio - NARA - 528705.jpg
Stephen Mallory
James Westcott
David Levy Yulee - Brady-Handy.jpg
David Levy Yulee

See also

References

  1. ^ "Voter Registration—By Party Affiliation". Florida Department of State. Retrieved January 26, 2022.
  2. ^ Willis, Lee (August 31, 2018). Southern Prohibition: Race, Reform, and Public Life in Middle Florida, 1821-1920. University of Georgia Press. ISBN 9780820341415 – via Google Books.
  3. ^ Weinfeld, Daniel R. (March 19, 2012). The Jackson County War: Reconstruction and Resistance in Post–Civil War Florida. University of Alabama Press. ISBN 9780817317454 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Kinsey, Troy. "State Democrats Again Call for Medicaid Expansion in Florida". Spectrum News. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  5. ^ Gross, Samantha. "Florida argues Medicaid expansion hurts state. Experts say right now, it could help". Miami Herald. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  6. ^ Powers, Scott (January 10, 2021). "Democrats elect Manny Diaz as new party chairman".((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Jacksonville.com: Maddox to step down as Florida Democratic Party chair 3/16/05". jacksonville.com. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  8. ^ "Karen Thurman retires as Florida Democratic chairwoman". tribunedigital-sunsentinel. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  9. ^ "Florida Democratic Chair Karen Thurman's resignation letter". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  10. ^ "Local attorney Rod Smith elected to head state Democratic Party". Gainesville.com. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  11. ^ a b "Allison Tant elected chairwoman of Florida Democratic Party". Tampa Bay Times. January 26, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  12. ^ "Power Couples - Tallahassee Magazine - March-April 2012". Tallahassee Magazine. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  13. ^ "Former lobbyist Allison Tant joins race to lead Florida Democratic Party". Tampa Bay Times. December 9, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  14. ^ a b Sun-Sentinel, South Florida. "Democrats seek fixes for voter disapproval". Sun-Sentinel.com. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Home - Terranova". Terranova.
  16. ^ "Wealthy Donor Redefines Pay-to-Play, Buys Himself Top Dem Position". observer. December 21, 2016. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  17. ^ "Our Leadership".
  18. ^ "Rizzo elected Florida Democratic Party chairman, replacing Bittel". Politico.
  19. ^ "Note From Chair Rizzo". Florida Democratic Party. December 4, 2020.
  20. ^ "Florida Democratic Party Rolls Out Game Changing Technology". Florida Democratic Party. September 16, 2019.
  21. ^ Kam, Dara. "Florida Democrats try to rally support through virtual convention". Orlando Weekly.
  22. ^ Ogles, Jacob (August 31, 2020). "Florida Democrats relaunch website with focus on voter organization". Florida Politics.
  23. ^ Alter, Charlotte (August 6, 2020). "Inside the Democrats' Plan to Win Back the Internet". Time.
  24. ^ "Florida Democrats elect former Miami Mayor Manny Diaz as state leader". January 9, 2021.
  25. ^ "The Charter & Bylaws of the Florida Democratic Party" (PDF). Florida Democratic Party Official Website. June 9, 2019. p. 15. Retrieved August 26, 2019 – via Florida Democratic Party.
  26. ^ "Values".