Native toIndonesia
RegionWestern New Guinea
Native speakers
350 (2010)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3flh

The Abawiri language, Foau, also known as Doa, is a Lakes Plain language of Papua, Indonesia. Clouse tentatively included Abawiri and neighboring Taburta in an East Lakes Plain subgroup of the Lakes Plain family;[2] due to the minimal data that was available on the languages at that time.[3] With more data, the connection looks more secure.

Like other Lakes Plain languages, Abawiri is notable for being heavily tonal and for its lack of nasal consonants: there are no nasal or nasalized consonants or vowels, even allophonically.[4]


Abawiri consonants
Labial Alveolar Alveolo-palatal Velar
plain rounded plain rounded plain rounded plain rounded
Plosive voiceless t ⟨tw⟩ k ⟨kw⟩
voiced b ⟨bw⟩ d ⟨dw⟩ ⟨j⟩ dʒʷ ⟨jw⟩ g ⟨gw⟩
Fricative f ⟨fw⟩ s ⟨sw⟩
Flap ɾ ⟨r⟩
Abawiri vowels
Front Back
Extra-high ⟨yi⟩
High i y ⟨yu⟩ u
Mid ɛ ⟨e⟩
Low a ɒ ⟨o⟩


  1. ^ Abawiri at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ Clouse, Duane (1997). "Toward a reconstruction and reclassification of the Lakes Plain languages of Irian Jaya". Papers in Papuan Linguistics. 2: 133–236.
  3. ^ Voorhoeve, Clemens L. (1975). Languages of Irian Jaya: checklist, preliminary classification, language maps, wordlists. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics Series B-31.
  4. ^ Yoder, Brendon (2016). The Abawiri tone system in typological perspective. Paper presented at the 8th Austronesian and Papuan Languages and Linguistics Conference (APLL8), 13–14 May 2016. London: SOAS.

Further reading