Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics
Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics.JPG
Illustration from the Official Report
Tournament details
Host countrySweden
Dates29 June – 4 July
Teams11
Venue(s)3 (in 1 host city)
Final positions
Champions Great Britain (3rd title)
Runners-up Denmark
Third place Netherlands
Fourth place Finland
Tournament statistics
Matches played11
Goals scored93 (8.45 per match)
Top scorer(s)German Empire Gottfried Fuchs (10 goals)
1908
1920

Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics was one of the 102 events at the 1912 Summer Olympics in Stockholm, Sweden.[1] It was the fourth time that football was on the Olympic schedule and the tournament was contested by 11 nations, all from Europe. Great Britain[2] won the gold medals, representing the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (whom the IOC credits), although all players were from England.[citation needed]. Replicating the 1908 tournament, Denmark won silver medals and the Netherlands won bronze medals.[3][4]

The Swedish Football Association ran the tournament, just as the English Football Association had organised the 1908 Olympic football competition in London, England. Three stadiums hosted the eleven matches of the main tournament from 29 June to 4 July 1912. Two were played at Tranebergs Idrottsplats in a suburb of Stockholm, five including the bronze medal match took place at Råsunda Idrottsplats, also outside Stockholm, and four including the final match were held at the Olympiastadion.

Seven teams were eliminated in two rounds ending with the quarterfinal matches, 30 June. They played off in a consolation tournament from 1 July to 5 July, comprising six matches at the same three stadiums. Hungary won the consolation.

Competition schedule

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Venues

Stockholm
Stockholm Olympic Stadium


Stockholm area with location in Sweden inserted

Capacity: 33,000
Stockholms stadion 1919.jpg
Råsunda IP
Capacity: —
Rasunda 1912.jpg
Tranebergs Idrottsplats
Capacity: —
Traneberg 1912.jpg

Participants

Main article: Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Men's team squads

The tournament attracted a record 13 entries that were accepted, all of them from Europe. A fourteenth entry of Bohemia was rejected, as only nations or associations affiliated with FIFA were admitted. France and Belgium withdrew shortly before the draw, or assignment of places in the main tournament, leaving a record 11 contestants.

The Football Association entered a Great Britain national amateur team to represent the United Kingdom (Great Britain and Ireland).

A total of 135+28 footballers from 11 nations competed at the Stockholm Games:[note 1]

Course of the tournament

In the first round of the tournament, the hosts from Sweden went out in the opening match against the Netherlands. Fighting back from a 1-3 deficit with half an hour to go, Sweden only lost 4-3 on a goal scored by Dutch player Jan Vos in the extra time of the English referee. At Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Austrian football pioneer Hugo Meisl was the referee as Finland beat Italy also in extra time.

In the second round, Finland won again, this time beating Russia, who had received a bye in the first round. By this stage, the Great Britain team entered the contest, drawn to play against Hungary at Olympiastadion. Great Britain was captained by Vivian Woodward, a record-scoring centre-forward from Chelsea, who had formed part of Great Britain's gold medal winning side of the 1908 Summer Olympics. Led by forward Harold Walden, who scored six goals, Great Britain defeated Hungary with 7-0.

In the semi-final round, Walden scored all four goals, as Great Britain defeated Finland 4-0. In the other semi-final Denmark beat the Netherlands 4-1; the Dutch consolation goal put behind goalkeeper Sophus Hansen by Danish defender Harald Hansen. For the second successive time, the final would pair Great Britain with Denmark, and like in 1908, the team representing Great Britain would win gold medals, although this game would be closer than the 4-2 score-line suggested. With no rule allowing substitutions, Denmark played with one player less from the 30th minute of the game, when Charles Buchwald was injured.

A consolation tournament ran, conjunctively, with the tournament proper paired the losers of the first and second rounds, and was eventually won by Hungary,[5] although no medals were awarded for the top three finishers.[3]

German player Gottfried Fuchs equalled the record for most goals in an international (set by Dane Sophus Nielsen in the 1908 Olympics) with 10 goals for Germany against Russia, a record that stood until 2001.

Bracket

 
First roundSecond roundSemi-finalsGold medal match
 
              
 
 
 
 
 Great Britain
 
30 June – Stockholm
 
bye
 
 Great Britain7
 
 
 
 Hungary 0
 
 Hungary
 
2 July – Stockholm
 
bye
 
 Great Britain 4
 
29 June – Stockholm
 
 Finland 0
 
 Italy 2
 
30 June – Stockholm
 
 Finland (a.e.t.)3
 
 Finland 2
 
 
 
 Russia 1
 
 Russia
 
4 July – Stockholm
 
bye
 
 Great Britain 4
 
 
 
 Denmark 2
 
 Denmark
 
30 June – Stockholm
 
bye
 
 Denmark 7
 
 
 
 Norway 0
 
 Norway
 
2 July – Stockholm
 
bye
 
 Denmark 4
 
29 June – Stockholm
 
 Netherlands 1 Bronze medal match
 
 Netherlands (a.e.t.)4
 
30 June – Stockholm4 July – Stockholm
 
 Sweden 3
 
 Netherlands 3  Netherlands 9
 
29 June – Stockholm
 
 Austria 1  Finland 0
 
 Austria 5
 
 
 Germany 1
 

Match details

Main article: Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Matches

First round

Finland 3–2 (a.e.t.) Italy
Öhman 2'
E. Soinio 40'
Wiberg 105'
Report Bontadini 10'
Sardi 25'
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 600
Referee: Hugo Meisl (Austria)

Austria 5–1 Germany
Merz 75', 81'
Studnicka 58'
Neubauer 62'
Cimera 89'
Report Jäger 35'
Råsunda Stadium, Stockholm
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: Humbert Willing (Netherlands)

Sweden 3–4 (a.e.t.) Netherlands
Swensson 3', 80'
E. Börjesson 62' (pen.)
Report Bouvy 28', 52'
Vos 43', 91'
Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Attendance: 14,000
Referee: George Wagstaffe (England)

Quarter-finals

Finland 2–1 Russia
Wiberg 30'
Öhman 80'
Report Butusov 72'
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 200
Referee: Per Sjoblom (Sweden)

Great Britain 7–0 Hungary
Walden 21', 23', 49', 53', 55', 85'
Woodward 45'
Report
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Christiaan Groothoff (Netherlands)

Denmark 7–0 Norway
Olsen 4', 70', 88'
S. Nielsen 60', 85'
Wolfhagen 25'
Middelboe 37'
Report
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 700
Referee: Ruben Gelbord (Sweden)

Netherlands 3–1 Austria
Bouvy 8'
ten Cate 12'
Vos 30'
Report Müller 41'
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 7,000
Referee: David Philip (Scotland)

Semi-finals

Great Britain 4–0 Finland
Holopainen 2' (o.g.)
Walden 7', 77'
Woodward 82'
Report
Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Attendance: 4,000
Referee: Ruben Gelbord (Sweden)

Denmark 4–1 Netherlands
Olsen 14', 87'
Jørgensen 7'
P. Nielsen 37'
Report H. Hansen 85' (og)
Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Attendance: 6,000
Referee: Ede Herczog (Hungary)

Bronze Medal match

Netherlands 9–0 Finland
Vos 29', 43', 46', 74', 78'
van der Sluis 24', 57'
de Groot 28', 86'
Report
Råsunda, Solna, Stockholm
Attendance: 1,000
Referee: Per Sjoblom (Sweden)

Final

Great Britain 4–2 Denmark
Hoare 22', 41',
Walden 10'
Berry 43'
Report Olsen 27', 81'
Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Christiaan Groothoff (Netherlands)

Final summary

Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
1st place, gold medalist(s)  Great Britain 3 3 0 0 15 2 +13 6
2nd place, silver medalist(s)  Denmark 3 2 0 1 13 5 +8 4
3rd place, bronze medalist(s)  Netherlands 4 3 0 1 17 8 +9 6
4  Finland 4 2 0 2 5 16 −11 4
5  Austria 2 1 0 1 6 4 +2 2
6  Russia 1 0 0 1 1 2 −1 0
7  Hungary 1 0 0 1 0 7 −7 0
8  Norway 1 0 0 1 0 7 −7 0
9  Sweden 1 0 0 1 3 4 −1 0
10  Italy 1 0 0 1 2 3 −1 0
11  Germany 1 0 0 1 1 5 −4 0
Source: FIFA

Medallists

The database of the International Olympic Committee lists only the eleven players as medalists for each nation, who played in the first match for their nation.[6] The following list contains these eleven players, as well as all other players who made at least one appearance for their team during the tournament.

(Left): Great Britain, Gold Medal; (right): Denmark team, Silver Medal winner
The Netherlands team, Bronze Medal
The Netherlands team, Bronze Medal
Gold Silver Bronze
 Great Britain
Arthur Berry
Ronald Brebner
Thomas Burn
Joseph Dines
Edward Hanney
Gordon Hoare
Arthur Knight
Henry Littlewort
Douglas McWhirter
Ivan Sharpe
Harold Stamper
Harold Walden
Vivian Woodward
Gordon Wright
 Denmark
Paul Berth
Charles Buchwald
Hjalmar Christoffersen
Harald Hansen
Sophus Hansen
Emil Jørgensen
Ivar Lykke
Nils Middelboe
Oskar Nielsen
Poul Nielsen
Sophus Nielsen
Anthon Olsen
Axel Petersen
Axel Thufason
Vilhelm Wolfhagen
 Netherlands
Piet Bouman
Joop Boutmy
Nico Bouvy
Huug de Groot
Bok de Korver
Nico de Wolf
Constant Feith
Ge Fortgens
Just Göbel
Dirk Lotsy
Caesar ten Cate
Jan van Breda Kolff
Jan van der Sluis
Jan Vos
David Wijnveldt

Consolation tournament

Main article: Football at the 1912 Summer Olympics – Consolation tournament

First round

Austria 1–0 Norway
Neubauer 2' Report
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 200
Referee: Per Sjoblom (Sweden)

Germany 16–0 Russia
Fuchs 2', 9', 21', 28', 34', 46', 51', 55', 65', 69'
Förderer 6', 27', 53', 66'
Burger 30'
Oberle 58'
Report
Råsunda IP, Solna, Stockholm
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: Christiaan Groothoff (Netherlands)

Italy 1–0 Sweden
Bontadini 30' Report
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: Herbert Willing (Netherlands)

Semi-finals

Hungary 3–1 Germany
Schlosser 3', 39', 82' Report Förderer 56'
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 2,000
Referee: Christiaan Groothoff (Netherlands)

Austria 5–1 Italy
Müller 30'
Grundwald 40', 89'
Hussak 49'
Studnicka 65'
Report Berardo 81'
Olympic Stadium, Stockholm
Attendance: 3,500
Referee: Herbert Willing (Netherlands)

Final

Hungary 3–0 Austria
Schlosser 32'
Pataki 63'
Bodnar 72'
Report
Tranebergs Idrottsplats, Stockholm
Attendance: 5,000
Referee: Herbert Willing (Netherlands)

Statistics

Goalscorers

German player Gottfried Fuchs was the topscorer of the tournament with 10 goals
German player Gottfried Fuchs was the topscorer of the tournament with 10 goals
10 goals
9 goals
8 goals
7 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
Own goals

Notes

  1. ^ 135 players took part in the main tournament and another 28 players only played in the consolation tournament. Also there are 33 reserve players known, which are not included.

References

  1. ^ "Football at the 1912 Stockholm Summer Games". Sports Reference. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 30 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Britain's Olympic past". Barber, David; The Football Association, 3 March 2004. Retrieved on 24 November 2008.
  3. ^ a b Stockholm, 1912 on FIFA.com
  4. ^ Games of the V. Olympiad at the RSSSF
  5. ^ 1912 Stockholm on the IFFHS (archived, 9 May 2011)
  6. ^ International Olympic Committee medal database