Football in Bosnia and Herzegovina
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
Governing bodyFootball Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina
National team(s)men's national team
First played1903; 119 years ago (1903)
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions

Association football is the most popular sport in Bosnia and Herzegovina since after gaining independence from Yugoslavia in 1991, in 1995 they played their first international game against Albania, but they made the debut at the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil, their first ever appearance in the tournament. The popular team that is supported is FK Sarajevo.

It is governed by the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina governing body in country, the national team has never qualified for the UEFA European Championship after failing at the play-offs by three teams. The football governing body has the Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina and also the Bosnia and Herzegovina Football Cup. The teams also make the European international competitions like UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League and also the new UEFA Europa Conference League tournament.

National team of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Vedad Ibišević scored Bosnia's first ever FIFA World Cup goal in a 2–1 loss to Argentina.[1]
Vedad Ibišević scored Bosnia's first ever FIFA World Cup goal in a 2–1 loss to Argentina.[1]

The team has only qualified for a major international tournament once as an independent nation, reaching the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[2][3] It is yet to qualify for a UEFA European Championship, coming closest by losing to Portugal in the play-offs for UEFA Euro 2012.[4][5][6][7]

Bosnia's home ground is Bilino Polje Stadium in the city of Zenica. The national team's first international victory as a FIFA member came against 1994 FIFA World Cup runners-up Italy on 6 November 1996.[8][9][10] The national team's highest FIFA World Ranking was 13th in August 2013.[11][12] October 2013 FIFA World Rankings, used to seed qualified teams in the 2014 FIFA World Cup Final Draw, placed Bosnia and Herzegovina as the highest ranked team of all former Yugoslav republics for the first time in history. In the past years, the national side finished twice among the top three best movers in FIFA World Ranking of the year. In their first game at their first World Cup, centre-forward Vedad Ibišević scored Bosnia's first ever goal at a major tournament in the country's history in a 1–2 loss to two-time World Cup winning opposition Argentina.

Bilino Polje the stadium of the Bosnian national football team
Bilino Polje the stadium of the Bosnian national football team

History of club competitions

The game reached Bosnia and Herzegovina at the start of the 20th century, with Sarajevo (in 1903)[13] and Mostar (in 1905)[14] being the first cities to embrace it. Banja Luka, Tuzla, Zenica and Bihać were next along with numerous smaller towns as the sport spread. The country was under Austro-Hungarian rule when official competition began in 1908, though these activities were on a small scale within each territory.[15] At the outbreak of World War I, there were four clubs in Sarajevo; SAŠK, Slavija, Đerzelez (also known as Sarajevski),[16] and Makabi Sarajevo (also known as Barkohba)[17] and approximately 20 outside the capital. The creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia post 1918 brought an increase in the number of leagues, and soon a domestic national championship was organised. The Yugoslav football league system was based in numerous subassociations which served as competitions which determined the local representants of the subassociations in the national final stage, the Yugoslav championship. In 1920, the Sarajevo football subassociation was founded which included besides Sarajevo and its outskirts, also most of eastern Bosnia and western Serbia. The Banja Luka football subassociation included most of the western Bosnia and an area usually known as Krajina, while the Podrinje region souranding city of Bijeljina was part of the provincial leagues of the Belgrade football subassociation. The unified Yugoslav championship ran until the start of Secomd World War with 1939/40 season having been the last to have been completed. In this period 3 clubs from modern-day territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina managed to qualify for the final stages of the Yugoslav championships, SAŠK and Slavija, both from Sarajevo, and Krajišnik from Banja Luka. Many local players became targets of dominating teams and had successful careers such as Florijan Matekalo, Petar Manola, Milan Rajlić, Stanko Zagorac, Aleksandar Mastela or Branko Stanković.

The Football Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina was founded after the Second World War, as the subdivision of the Yugoslav Football Association. The new communist authorities abolished the former league sistem and disbanded numerous clubs while created others. The era from 1945 till 1992 can be marked by the emergence of a highly competitive and quality league, characterized by the appearance of a chronical "Big 4" contenders for the title (Red Star, Patizan, Hajduk and Dinamo Zagreb) but with a particularity that highlights Bosnian football which is that their clubs were always present in the First League and FK Sarajevo, and Željezničar even won championships and created one of the most intense outsiders derbies at time, the Sarajevo derby.

Club football

Bosnia and Herzegovina's best sides at the time of former Yugoslavia were Sarajevo, Željezničar (Sarajevo) and Velež (Mostar) which played in the Yugoslavian first league, second league and cup competitions with moderate success, while its best players with the likes of Vahid Halilhodžić, Safet Sušić, Josip Katalinski, Faruk Hadžibegić, Ivica Osim, Asim Ferhatović, Blaž Slišković, Mehmed Baždarević, Dušan Bajević and many others were chosen to represent SFR Yugoslavia national football team.[18]

Other notable clubs that participate in Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina are HŠK Zrinjski Mostar, NK Čelik Zenica, NK Široki Brijeg, FK Sloboda Tuzla, as well as FK Borac Banja Luka.

Fans

Ultras are common there with the biggest names as Manijaci the supporter group of Željeznicar, Horde zla The supporter group of FK Sarajevo and the BHFanaticos the supporter group of the national side.

References

  1. ^ "World Cup 2014: Argentina 2–1 Bosnia highlights". BBC Sport. 16 June 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  2. ^ Fifa.com (15 October 2013). "Bosnians make history". FIFA.com. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013.
  3. ^ uefa.com (15 October 2013). "Ibišević sparks Bosnia and Herzegovina joy". uefa.com.
  4. ^ "Jubilant Bosnians book play-off place". UEFA. 10 October 2009. Archived from the original on 12 December 2010. Retrieved 10 October 2009.
  5. ^ UEFA.com (13 October 2011). "Draw for the UEFA EURO 2012 play-offs".
  6. ^ bleacherreport.com (11 October 2012). "World Cup Qualifying: Is Luck Finally on the Side of Bosnia and Herzegovina?".
  7. ^ Rusty Woodger (23 March 2013). "Can Bosnia break their hoodoo?". theroar.com.au.
  8. ^ independent.co.uk (11 November 1996). "Football; Bosnia finally put on the map". The Independent. London.
  9. ^ Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team results#1996
  10. ^ nfsbih.net (6 November 1996). "Bosnian first victory" (in Bosnian). Archived from the original on 16 April 2012.
  11. ^ fifa.com (4 July 2013). "Bosnia-Herzegovina (14th, up 1)". Archived from the original on July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ fifa.com (13 June 2013). "Best-ever Bosnia scale new heights". fifa.com. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
  13. ^ radiosarajevo.ba (12 August 2014). "Znate li kad je fudbalska lopta donešena u Sarajevo?". radiosarajevo.ba (in Bosnian). Archived from the original on 26 August 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2010.
  14. ^ Uefa.com (21 February 2010). "Bosnian standards continue to rise". UEFA. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
  15. ^ nfsbih.ba (1 January 2010). "Hronologija Razvoja Saveza". nfsbih.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  16. ^ fsks.ba (16 August 2011). "Fudbal u Sarajevu". fsks.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 16 August 2011.
  17. ^ rsssf.com (12 August 2014). "Regional Leagues 1938/39 Sarajevski Podsavez". rsssf.com. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
  18. ^ H. Ljevo (11 December 2013). "From Brazil to Brazil in 64 years". sportsport.ba. Retrieved 11 December 2013.