Although Togo's foreign policy is nonaligned, it has strong historical and cultural ties with western Europe, especially France and Germany. Togo recognizes the People's Republic of China, North Korea, and Cuba. It re-established relations with Israel in 1987.
Togo pursues an active foreign policy and participates in many international organizations. It is particularly active in West African regional affairs and in the African Union. Relations between Togo and neighboring states are generally good.
|Country||Formal Relations Began||Notes|
|Armenia||14 November 2013||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 November 2013.
|Australia||22 July 2009|
|Azerbaijan||28 December 2010||On December 28, 2010, Joint Communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Togo was signed in New York.|
|China||19 September 1972||See China–Togo relations
Togo and China established diplomatic relations on 19 September 1972.
|Croatia||20 December 1993|
|Cyprus||24 September 2015||
Cyprus is accredited to Togo from its embassy in Paris, France.
|Estonia||23 September 2014||September 23, 2014
Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 23, 2014
|Finland||12 May 2010|
|France||27 April 1960||
|Georgia||27 May 2014||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 27, 2014.
|Germany||27 April 1960||
|Ghana||21 January 1963||See Ghana–Togo relations
After 1918, following the defeat of Germany, the League of Nations divided the German colony of Togoland from north to south, a decision that divided the Ewe people among the Gold Coast, British Togoland, and French Togoland. After 1945, the United Nations (UN) took over the Togoland mandates. During the 1950s, when the independence of Ghana was in sight, demands grew for a separate Ewe state, an idea that Kwame Nkrumah, leader of the Gold Coast independence movement, opposed. Following a UN plebiscite in May 1956, in which a majority of the Ewe voted for union with Ghana, British Togoland became part of the Gold Coast. After Togolese independence in 1960, relations between Togo and Ghana deteriorated, aggravated by political differences and incidents such as smuggling across their common border. At times, relations have verged on open aggression.
The result of the transfer of Togoland to Ghana has meant that many Togolese keep one foot on either side of the border, living in Ghana by night and working in the markets of the capital, Lomé, by day.
|Greece||See Greece–Togo relations|
|India||31 August 1962||See India–Togo relations|
|Ireland||1 March 2019|
|Israel||28 August 1960, severed diplomatic relations 21 September 1973, restored 9 June 1987||
In August 2017, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu received Togo's President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbe in Jerusalem during his official five-day trip to Israel. In December 2017, Togo voted at the UN to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
|Japan||27 April 1960||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 27, 1960.
|Latvia||23 September 2014||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 23, 2014.
|Lithuania||22 September 2014||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 September 2014.
|Luxembourg||7 March 1972|
|Malta||15 May 2008||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 15, 2008.
|Mexico||29 October 1975|
|Montenegro||21 December 2012||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 21, 2012.
|Netherlands||5 October 1961||
|Norway||10 January 1972|
During the votes to admit Palestine to UNESCO as a member state in October 2011 and as Non-Member Observer State, in November 2012 Togo abstained from the voting.
|Philippines||24 August 2000|
|Portugal||17 March 1978|
|Russia||1 May 1960|
|Serbia||6 November 1960||
Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1960.
|Singapore||15 June 2012||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on June 15, 2012.
|South Africa||13 January 1997||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 13, 1997.
|South Korea||26 July 1963, severed 16 September 1974, restored 23 January 1991||
Establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and the Republic of Togo is July 26, 1963.
|Spain||22 October 1965||See Spain–Togo relations|
|Sri Lanka||27 September 2015|
|Switzerland||19 July 1960|
|Thailand||7 May 1986|
|Turkey||10 June 1966|
|United States||27 April 1960||See Togo–United States relations
The United States and Togo have had generally good relations since its independence, although the United States has never been one of Togo's major trading partners. The largest share of U.S. exports to Togo generally has been used clothing and scrap textiles. Other important U.S. exports include rice, wheat, shoes, and tobacco products, and U.S. personal computers and other office electronics are becoming more widely used.
|Vietnam||8 February 1975||
Both countries established diplomatic relations on February 8, 1975.