Although Togo's foreign policy is nonaligned, it has strong historical and cultural ties with western Europe, especially France and Germany. Togo recognizes the People's Republic of China, North Korea, and Cuba. It re-established relations with Israel in 1987.

Togo pursues an active foreign policy and participates in many international organizations. It is particularly active in West African regional affairs and in the African Union. Relations between Togo and neighboring states are generally good.

Bilateral relations

Country Formal Relations Began Notes
 Armenia 14 November 2013

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 14 November 2013.[1]

 Australia 22 July 2009
 Austria
 Azerbaijan 28 December 2010[2] On December 28, 2010, Joint Communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Azerbaijan and Togo was signed in New York.[2]
 Bangladesh
 Belgium
  • Belgium has an embassy in Lomé.
  • Togo has an embassy in Brussels.
 Brazil 1962
 Canada 1962
  • Canada has an embassy in Lomé.
  • Togo has an embassy in Ottawa.
 China 19 September 1972 See China–Togo relations

Togo and China established diplomatic relations on 19 September 1972.[3]

 Croatia 20 December 1993

Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 20, 1993.[4][5]

 Cyprus 24 September 2015

Cyprus is accredited to Togo from its embassy in Paris, France.[6]

 Denmark
 Estonia 23 September 2014 September 23, 2014

Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 23, 2014

 Finland 12 May 2010
 France 27 April 1960
  • France has an embassy in Lomé.
  • Togo has an embassy in Paris.
 Georgia 27 May 2014

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 27, 2014.

 Germany 27 April 1960
  • Germany has an embassy in Lomè.
  • Togo has an embassy in Berlin.
 Ghana 21 January 1963 See Ghana–Togo relations

After 1918, following the defeat of Germany, the League of Nations divided the German colony of Togoland from north to south, a decision that divided the Ewe people among the Gold Coast, British Togoland, and French Togoland. After 1945, the United Nations (UN) took over the Togoland mandates. During the 1950s, when the independence of Ghana was in sight, demands grew for a separate Ewe state, an idea that Kwame Nkrumah, leader of the Gold Coast independence movement, opposed. Following a UN plebiscite in May 1956, in which a majority of the Ewe voted for union with Ghana, British Togoland became part of the Gold Coast.[7][8] After Togolese independence in 1960, relations between Togo and Ghana deteriorated, aggravated by political differences and incidents such as smuggling across their common border. At times, relations have verged on open aggression.[7]

The result of the transfer of Togoland to Ghana has meant that many Togolese keep one foot on either side of the border, living in Ghana by night and working in the markets of the capital, Lomé, by day.[8]

 Greece See Greece–Togo relations
 India 31 August 1962 See India–Togo relations
 Ireland 1 March 2019
 Israel 28 August 1960, severed diplomatic relations 21 September 1973, restored 9 June 1987

In August 2017, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu received Togo's President Faure Essozimna Gnassingbe in Jerusalem during his official five-day trip to Israel.[9][10] In December 2017, Togo voted at the UN to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.[10]

 Italy
 Japan 27 April 1960

Both countries established diplomatic relations on April 27, 1960.[11]

 Latvia 23 September 2014

Both countries established diplomatic relations on September 23, 2014.[12]

 Lithuania 22 September 2014

Both countries established diplomatic relations on 22 September 2014.[13]

 Luxembourg 7 March 1972
 Malaysia
 Malta 15 May 2008

Both countries established diplomatic relations on May 15, 2008.[14]

 Mexico 29 October 1975
  • Mexico is accredited to Togo from its embassy in Abuja, Nigeria.
  • Togo is accredited to Mexico from its embassy in Washington, D.C., United States.[15]
 Montenegro 21 December 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 21, 2012.[16]

 Netherlands 5 October 1961
  • Netherlands has an embassy in Lomé.
  • Togo has an embassy in The Hague.
 Norway 10 January 1972
 Pakistan
 Palestine

During the votes to admit Palestine to UNESCO as a member state in October 2011 and as Non-Member Observer State, in November 2012 Togo abstained from the voting.

 Philippines 24 August 2000
 Portugal 17 March 1978
 Russia 1 May 1960
 Serbia 6 November 1960

Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1960.[17]

 Singapore 15 June 2012

Both countries established diplomatic relations on June 15, 2012.[18]

 South Africa 13 January 1997

Both countries established diplomatic relations on January 13, 1997.[19]

 South Korea 26 July 1963, severed 16 September 1974, restored 23 January 1991

Establishment of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and the Republic of Togo is July 26, 1963.[20]

 Spain 22 October 1965 See Spain–Togo relations
 Sri Lanka 27 September 2015
 Sweden
  Switzerland 19 July 1960
 Thailand 7 May 1986
 Turkey 10 June 1966[21]
  • Turkey has an embassy in Lomé (planned).[22]
  • Trade volume between the two countries was 106 million USD in 2019.[22]
 United States 27 April 1960 See Togo–United States relations

The United States and Togo have had generally good relations since its independence, although the United States has never been one of Togo's major trading partners. The largest share of U.S. exports to Togo generally has been used clothing and scrap textiles. Other important U.S. exports include rice, wheat, shoes, and tobacco products, and U.S. personal computers and other office electronics are becoming more widely used.

The U.S. maintains an embassy in Lomé[23] while Togo maintains an honorary consulate in Los Angeles, represented by Honorary Consul Grant Gochin.

 Vietnam 8 February 1975

Both countries established diplomatic relations on February 8, 1975.[24]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Armenia, Togo bilateral relations". News.am. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Togo". mfa.gov.az. Retrieved 2021-01-24.
  3. ^ "Togo -- china.org.cn". www.china.org.cn. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  4. ^ "MVEP • Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  5. ^ "MVEP • Overview of Bilateral Treaties of the Republic of Croatia by Country". www.mvep.hr. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  6. ^ "MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS - Foreign Diplomatic Missions in Cyprus – International Organizations". www.mfa.gov.cy. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b Owusu, Maxwell. "Relations with Immediate African Neighbors". A Country Study: Ghana (La Verle Berry, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (November 1994). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.[1]
  8. ^ a b "Impressions of Togo after the 'coup'". 18 February 2005. Retrieved 30 December 2018 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  9. ^ "Israel-African relations improve as Togo President visits Israel". BICOM. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  10. ^ a b "President visits Israel". country.eiu.com. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Japan-Togo Relations (Basic Data)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Establishment and renewal of diplomatic relations". Mfa.gov.lv. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ "Sorry. The page you are looking for does not exist". foreignaffairs.gov.mt. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  15. ^ "togoleseembassy.com - togoleseembassy Resources and Information". www.togoleseembassy.com. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Tabela priznanja i uspostavljanja diplomatskih odnosa". www.mvp.gov.me. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  17. ^ "Togo". www.mfa.gov.rs. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  18. ^ https://app1.mfa.gov.sg/dipcon/pdf/dipconopen.pdf
  19. ^ "Togo (The Republic of )". www.dirco.gov.za. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-04. Retrieved 2015-06-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Relations between Turkey and Togo". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkey.
  22. ^ a b "Relations between Turkey and Togo".
  23. ^ "United States Embassy in Lome, Togo". Archived from the original on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  24. ^ admin. "- General Information about Countries and Regions". www.mofa.gov.vn. Retrieved 30 December 2018.