Coat of arms
Location of Foros within the Crimea
|Country||Disputed between Russia and Ukraine|
|Elevation||50 m (160 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+3 (MSK)|
Foros (Ukrainian: Форос; Russian: Форо́с, Crimean Tatar: Foros, Greek: Phàros, Φάρος) is a resort town (an urban-type settlement, legally) in Yalta Municipality of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, a territory recognized by a majority of countries as part of Ukraine and incorporated by Russia as the Republic of Crimea. Population: 1,844 (2014 Census).
Foros is the southernmost resort in Crimea.
The settlement was founded and named by medieval Greek merchants. It was rediscovered in the late 19th century by Alexander Kuznetsov, a Russian "tea king" who had his palace built on the sea shore. It was Kuznetsov who commissioned the town's main landmark, the Resurrection Church. This ornate five-domed architectural extravaganza is sited on a 400-metre cliff overlooking Foros.
The Soviet leaders had several state dachas built near Foros. One of these came to international attention during the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, when the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev had been vacationing at the time of the coup. Gorbachev's luxury dacha had been fired upon a couple of times during the capture, after which Gorbachev was placed under house arrest.