Francis Hagerup
Francis Hagerup (OB.SZ02297).jpg
Francis Hagerup by the mid 1890's
7th Prime Minister of Norway
In office
22 October 1903 – 11 March 1905
MonarchOscar II
Preceded byOtto Blehr
Succeeded byChristian Michelsen
In office
14 October 1895 – 17 February 1898
MonarchOscar II
Preceded byEmil Stang
Succeeded byJohannes Steen
Minister of Justice
In office
22 October 1903 – 11 March 1905
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded bySøren T. Årstad
Succeeded byChristian Michelsen
In office
14 October 1895 – 15 August 1897
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byErnst Motzfeldt
Succeeded byHarald Smedal
In office
2 May 1893 – 15 July 1894
Prime MinisterEmil Stang
Preceded byOle Anton Qvam
Succeeded byErnst Motzfeldt
Minister of Finance
In office
9 August 1895 – 14 October 1895
Prime MinisterEmil Stang
Preceded byOle Furu
Succeeded byFredrik Stang Lund
Minister of Auditing
In office
15 August 1897 – 17 February 1898
Prime MinisterHimself
Preceded byHarald Smedal
Succeeded byJohannes Steen
Member of the Council of State Division
In office
15 July 1894 – 9 August 1895
Prime MinisterEmil Stang
Preceded byErnst Motzfeldt
Johannes W. Harbitz
Succeeded byOle Furu
President of the Storting
In office
1 January 1903 – 31 December 1906
Serving with Johan Thorne and Carl Berner
MonarchOscar II
Prime MinisterOtto Blehr
Himself
Christian Michelsen
Preceded byEdvard Liljedahl
Carl Berner
Succeeded byEdvard Liljedahl
Gunnar Knudsen
Carl Berner
Leader of the Conservative Party
In office
1899–1902
Preceded byEmil Stang
Succeeded byOle L. Skattebøl
Personal details
Born
George Francis Hagerup

(1853-01-22)22 January 1853
Horten, Vestfold, United Kingdoms of Sweden and Norway
Died8 February 1921(1921-02-08) (aged 68)
Kristiania, Norway
Political partyConservative
Spouse
Frederikke Dorothea Bødtker
(m. 1850)
OccupationLawyer
Politician
Diplomat

George Francis Hagerup (22 January 1853 – 8 February 1921) was a Norwegian law professor, diplomat, politician for the Conservative Party and women's rights advocate. He was the 7th prime minister of Norway from 1895 to 1898 and from 1903 to 1905, and leader of the Conservative Party from 1899 to 1902. As a legal scholar, he is known for his contributions to the development of public international law, and was chairman of the Institut de Droit International.[1][2] He was his party's most active supporter of women's suffrage, and was a co-founder, board member and honorary member of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights.

Biography

Francis Hagerup grew up at Horten in Vestfold, Norway. He was a son of admiral and cabinet minister Henrik Steffens Hagerup (1806–1859) and Nicoline Christine Jenssen (1808–1862). He graduated with the cand.jur. degree at the Royal Frederick University in 1876, received a grant to study abroad, and became a research fellow at the Royal Frederick University in 1879. He obtained the dr.juris degree in 1885, and was professor of law at the Royal Frederick University from 1887 to 1906. He was minister of justice in the Second cabinet Stang from 2 May 1893 to 14 October 1895. In August 1895 he was Finance minister. He was a member of the Storting from 1901 to 1906.[1]

He served as Prime Minister of Norway for two terms. First from October 14, 1895; secondly from October 22, 1903. In social policy, Hagerup's time as Prime Minister saw the passage of a child care law in 1896 that increased the power of local authorities and courts over neglected and abused children. Following his two bouts as Prime Minister, he served as ambassador to Copenhagen, The Hague, and Brussels. From 1916 he was ambassador in Stockholm.[3][4]

Hagerup was passionately involved in the development of public international law. From 1897 he was member of the Institut de Droit International, of which he became the chairman in 1912. In 1907 he headed the Norwegian delegation at the second peace conference in The Hague. He was also delegate at international conferences regarding admiralty law. In 1920 he led the Norwegian delegation when the League of Nations convened for the first time in Geneva. The same year he was elected to the Law committee under the League council. In 1888, he founded Tidsskrift for Retsvidenskab (Journal of Jurisprudence), and served as its editor until his death. [5]

Hagerup was also member of the Norwegian Nobel Committee from 1 January 1907 until his death in 1921.[6]

Hagerup was the most prominent Conservative Party politician to support women's suffrage and was active in the women's rights movement. In 1884 he was a co-founder of the Norwegian Association for Women's Rights[7] and he was also a member of the first board of the association.[8] In 1914 he became an honorary member of the association.[9]

Personal life

He was married in 1880 to Frederikke Dorothea Bødtker (1853-1919). He died in Kristiania (now Oslo) and was buried at Vår Frelsers gravlund.[citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b Bodil Chr. Erichsen. "Francis Hagerup". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  2. ^ Peter Macalister-Smith. "Institut de Droit international". Oxford University Press. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  3. ^ Foundations of the Welfare State, 2nd Edition by Pat Thane, published 1996
  4. ^ Knut Dørum. "Francis Hagerup". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  5. ^ Harald Kjølås (12 March 2012). "Francis Hagerup". Allkunne. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  6. ^ "Francis Hagerup". Nobel Media AB. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
  7. ^ "Indbydelse til at indtræde i Norsk Kvindesags-Forening stiftet den 28de Juni 1884," Bergens Tidende, 18 November 1884
  8. ^ Dagsposten 25 June 1885
  9. ^ Nylænde 1914 p. 233

Other sources

Political offices Preceded byEmil Stang Prime Minister of Norway 1895–1898 Succeeded byJohannes Steen Preceded byOtto Albert Blehr Prime Minister of Norway 1903–1905 Succeeded byChristian Michelsen