Frankby
Village

Frankby Green
Frankby
Frankby
Location within Merseyside
Population310 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSJ245868
• London181 mi (291 km)[2] SE
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIRRAL
Postcode districtCH48
Dialling code0151
ISO 3166 codeGB-WRL
PoliceMerseyside
FireMerseyside
AmbulanceNorth West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Merseyside
53°22′21″N 3°08′11″W / 53.3724°N 3.1364°W / 53.3724; -3.1364Coordinates: 53°22′21″N 3°08′11″W / 53.3724°N 3.1364°W / 53.3724; -3.1364

Frankby (locally /ˈfræŋkbi/) is a village on the Wirral Peninsula, in Merseyside, England. It is located between Greasby and Newton on the outskirts of the town of West Kirby. The hamlet of Larton is to the north west. Historically within the county of Cheshire, it is part of the Greasby, Frankby and Irby Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral and is in the parliamentary constituency of Wirral West.

According to the 2001 census, of a total ward population of 14,667,[3] 310 people live in Frankby.[1] In the 2011 census, population figures specific to Frankby were not available. However, the total population of Greasby, Frankby and Irby Ward was 13,991.[4]

History

The name Frankby come from the Old Norse Frankis-býr, likely referring to "Frank's/Franki's (Frenchman's) farm or settlement".[5] Although it could also be interpreted as a personal name.[6] The "býr" suffix, included in neighbouring place names such as Greasby, Irby and Pensby, applies to settlements believed to be Viking in origin.

The settlement of Frankby was supposedly mentioned in the Domesday Book entry for neighbouring Greasby. Eight households are recorded: "3 villagers. 1 smallholder. 2 slaves. 2 Frenchmen."[7][verification needed]

The name has been variously spelt over time as Frankeby (1230), Fraunkbi (1346) and Fraunkeley (1421).[8][9]

Civic history

Frankby was formerly a township in the West Kirby parish of the Wirral Hundred. It held civil parish status between 1866 and 1974.[10] From 1866 Frankby was part of Wirral Rural Sanitary District, which was replaced in 1894 by Wirral Rural District. In 1933 the village transferred to Hoylake Urban District.[11] On 1 April 1974, local government reorganisation in England and Wales resulted in most of the Wirral Peninsula, including Frankby, transfer from the county of Cheshire to Merseyside.

The population of the village was 90 in 1801, 138 in 1851, 248 in 1901 and 413 in 1951.[10][12]

Geography

Frankby is in the north-western part of the Wirral Peninsula, approximately 3.5 km (2.2 mi) south-south-east of the Irish Sea at Meols, 3.5 km (2.2 mi) east of the Dee Estuary at West Kirby and 9 km (5.6 mi) west-south-west of the River Mersey at Seacombe. Frankby is situated to the north of Thurstaston Hill, with the centre of the village at an elevation of 31 m (102 ft) above sea level.[13]

Newton Brook joins with Greasby Brook to the north of the village.

Governance

The village is within the parliamentary constituency of Wirral West. The current Member of Parliament is Margaret Greenwood, a Labour representative who has held the seat since 2015.

At local government level, Greasby is incorporated into the Greasby, Frankby and Irby Ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wirral, in the metropolitan county of Merseyside. It is represented on Wirral Borough Council by three councillors.[14] The most recent local elections took place on 6 May 2021.

Community

Frankby contains part of Royden Park with its miniature railway and meres. Named after local landowner Sir Ernest Royden, the park is jointly owned by the National Trust and Wirral Borough Council.

Frankby's local public house, dating back to at least 1865, is known as the 'Farmer's Arms'.

In the village of Frankby lies 1st Frankby Greasby Scout headquarters. In 1929, the year of the 3rd World Scout Jamboree held at Arrowe Park, the Royden family donated a strip of land to the group (then known as 1st Frankby). The group amalgamated with 1st Greasby in May 1946 to become 1st Frankby Greasby.[15]

Landmarks

Within the grounds of Royden Park is a large Mock Tudor house known as 'Hill Bark', which was re-erected between 1929 and 1931[16] by Sir Ernest Royden. Originally named 'Bidston Court', it was initially sited near Bidston Hill in 1891, but moved brick by brick to its present position in Frankby to replace an earlier dwelling. The house contains a 16th-century fireplace, once part of a house belonging to Sir Walter Raleigh.[17] The building was given Grade II* listed status in 1963.[18] As of 2021 it is known as the 'Hillbark Hotel'.[19]

Notable people

Sir Thomas Royden was an English shipowner and Conservative Party politician. He was created a baronet in 1905 and lived at 'Hill Bark' whilst his wife's parents lived at Frankby Hall. His daughter, the writer, preacher, suffragist and former local inhabitant Maude Royden (1876–1956) is buried in the local Church of St John the Divine.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Wirral 2001 Census: Frankby". Metropolitan Borough of Wirral. Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Coordinate Distance Calculator". boulter.com. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
  3. ^ "2001 Census: Greasby, Frankby & Irby". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 May 2007.
  4. ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Greasby, Frankby and Irby Ward (E05000961)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  5. ^ "Key to English Place-Names: Frankby". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  6. ^ Eckwall, E (1960). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names (4th ed.). Oxford University Press (London).
  7. ^ Powell-Smith, Anna. "Greasby". Open Domesday. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  8. ^ Dodgson, J (1972). English Place-names: Wirral Hundred.
  9. ^ "Wirral Historic Settlement Study: Frankby". Merseyside Historic Characterisation Project. National Museums Liverpool/English Heritage. December 2011. p. 33. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  10. ^ a b "Frankby". GENUKI UK & Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Frankby Tn/CP". A Vision of Britain through Time. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  12. ^ Young, Derek (1983). Pictures from the past: A unique collection of photographs of old Greasby, Irby, Woodchurch and Upton. The author. sec. Greasby. ASIN B0016593RY.
  13. ^ "SRTM & Ordnance Survey Elevation Data in PHP". Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  14. ^ "Your Councillors by Ward". Wirral Borough Council. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  15. ^ "Group History". 1stfrankbygreasbyscouts.org.uk. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  16. ^ Randall 1984, pp. 84–85
  17. ^ E-travel Guide: Hillbark Hotel, archived from the original on 29 September 2007, retrieved 11 September 2007
  18. ^ Historic England. "Hill Bark, Frankby (1242748)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  19. ^ "Hillbark Hotel". Retrieved 20 September 2020.

Sources

Bibliography