The Earl Cawdor
Lord cawdor.jpg
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
27 March 1905 – 4 December 1905
MonarchEdward VII
Prime MinisterArthur Balfour
Preceded byThe Earl of Selborne
Succeeded byThe Lord Tweedmouth
Personal details
Born13 February 1847 (1847-02-13)
Windsor, Berkshire
Died8 February 1911 (1911-02-09) (aged 63)
London
NationalityBritish
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)Edith Turnor (1844–1926)
Alma materChrist Church, Oxford

Frederick Archibald Vaughan Campbell, 3rd Earl Cawdor, PC, JP, DL (13 February 1847 – 8 February 1911), styled Viscount Emlyn from 1860 to 1898, was a British Conservative politician. He served briefly as First Lord of the Admiralty between March and December 1905.

Background and education

Cawdor was the eldest son of John Campbell, 2nd Earl Cawdor, and his wife Sarah Mary, daughter of General the Hon. Henry Cavendish. He was educated at Eton and Christ Church, Oxford. He was brought up on the family estates in south Wales and his coming of age in 1868 was a major event in the town of Llandeilo.[1] In 1874 he was appointed to be Deputy Lieutenant for the county of Inverness.[2]

MP for Carmarthenshire

Cawdor was Conservative Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire from 1874 to 1885. In 1885 the constituency was divided in two and Emlyn decided to contest the new West Carmarthenshire constituency, although most of his family property lay in the eastern part of the county. His chances there appeared to be negligible given the growing industrial population which had been a key factor in the triumph of the Liberal candidate, Edward Sartoris at the 1868 General Election. Emlyn was opposed by the other sitting member, the Liberal W.R.H. Powell, himself a former Conservative supporter, who had first declared his support for the Liberals at the 1874 election. Powell now proclaimed that he had a duty to the Liberal cause to oppose Emlyn.[3]

It was reported that the Conservatives were confident of their chances in West Carmarthenshire, on the grounds that it was largely an agricultural division.[4] However, the electorate had more than doubled in the county, and the 1885 electorate in the Western Division alone exceeded that of the combined county seat in 1880.[4] Powell's victory ended Emlyn's career in Carmarthenshire politics.

Later political career

He succeeded in the earldom in 1898 and served briefly under Arthur Balfour as First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Cawdor took a leading part in the Conservative opposition to Lloyd George's budget of 1909 and in drafting resolutions for the reform of the House of Lords in 1910.

He was also involved in Pembrokeshire local affairs, and as Chairman of the Great Western Railway from 1895 to 1905 greatly improved the service. In 1904 he was elected unopposed as a member of Pembrokeshire County Council to represent the Castlemartin ward.[5]

Lord Cawdor was an officer in the Carmarthen Artillery Militia, where he was lieutenant-colonel in command from 24 September 1892 until he retired on 5 November 1902.[6] During these years he was promoted to colonel and appointed an aide-de-camp to King Edward VII.

Family

Lord Cawdor married Edith Georgiana Turnor, daughter of Christopher Turnor, on 16 September 1868. They had ten children. He died in February 1911, aged 63, and was succeeded in the earldom by his eldest son Hugh. Lady Cawdor died in 1926.

References

  1. ^ "Report". Carmarthen Journal. 21 February 1868.
  2. ^ "No. 8506". The Edinburgh Gazette. 28 August 1874. p. 549.
  3. ^ "Liberal Meeting at Newcastle Emlyn". South Wales Daily News. 24 October 1885. p. 3. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Election Prospects in South Wales. Carmarthenshire". South Wales Daily News. 2 November 1885. p. 3. Retrieved 11 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Pembrokeshire". Welshman. 4 March 1904. p. 8. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
  6. ^ "No. 27491". The London Gazette. 4 November 1902. p. 7016.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byEdward John Sartoris Member of Parliament for Carmarthenshire 18741885 With: John Jones 1874–1880W. R. H. Powell 1880–1885 Constituency abolished Political offices Preceded byThe Earl of Selborne First Lord of the Admiralty 1905 Succeeded byThe Lord Tweedmouth Honorary titles Preceded byThe Lord Kensington Lord Lieutenant of Pembrokeshire 1896–1911 Succeeded byThe Lord St Davids Peerage of the United Kingdom Preceded byJohn Campbell Earl Cawdor 1898–1911 Succeeded byHugh Frederick Campbell