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Fritz Mauthner
Fritz Mauthner (1849-1923).jpg
Born(1849-11-22)22 November 1849
Died29 June 1923(1923-06-29) (aged 73)
Alma materCharles University in Prague
RelativesAuguste Hauschner (cousin)

Fritz Mauthner (22 November 1849 – 29 June 1923) was an Austro-Hungarian novelist, theatre critic and satirist. He was an exponent of philosophical scepticism derived from a critique of human knowledge and of philosophy of language.

Mauthner was born on 22 November 1849 into an assimilated, well-to-do Jewish family from Horzitz in Bohemia (now Hořice in the Czech Republic).[1] He was the fourth of the six children of Emmanuel and Amalie Mauthner.[2]: viii 

He became editor of the Berliner Tageblatt in 1895, but is remembered mainly for his Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache (Contributions to a Critique of Language),[3] published in three parts in 1901 and 1902. Ludwig Wittgenstein took several of his ideas from Mauthner,[4] and acknowledges him in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922).[5]

Mauthner died in Meersburg am Bodensee on 29 June 1923.[2]: viii 


Essays and theoretical works
Collected works


  1. ^ Iggers, Wilma. "Mauthner, Fritz". The YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b Helmut Henne, Christine Kaiser (2000). [ Fritz Mauthner - Sprache, Literatur, Kritik: Festakt Und Symposion Zu Seinem 150. Geburtstag] (in german). Berlin: De Gruyter. ISBN 9783110941548.
  3. ^ Nájera, Elena. "Wittgenstein versus Mauthner: Two critiques of language, two mysticisms". From the ALWS Archives: A Selection of Papers from the International Wittgenstein Symposia in Kirchberg Am Wechsel. Retrieved 19 December 2014.
  4. ^ Janik, Allan and Toulmin, Stephen Toulmin. Wittgenstein's Vienna. I.R. Dee, 1996 (first published 1973), pp. 119, 121–133.
  5. ^ Wittgenstein L., Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, "4.0031 All philosophy is a 'critique of language' (though not in Mauthner's sense)."

Further reading