The main fuel tax in Australia is an excise tax, to which Goods and Services Tax ("GST") is added. Both taxes are levied by the federal government. In Australia the GST (currently 10%) is applied on top of the fuel excise tax. In some cases, businesses may be entitled to exemptions or rebates for fuel excise tax, including tax credits and certain excise-free fuel sources.

The "double dipping" (GST imposed on the excise tax) was fully compensated for by lowering the excise at the time the GST was introduced in 2001[citation needed]. While the excise stopped being indexed for inflation in 2001, indexation was reintroduced in 2014 (see History below).

The tax collected is added to general revenue. From April 1 to October 1, the fuel excise was lowered or cut by 50% by the federal budget 2022 to 22.1c per litre for all fuels.[1][2][3]

Excise tax rates

The excise tax on commonly used fuels in Australia[4] as of February 1, 2022:[5]

Petrol for use as fuel in an aircraft is taxed at $0.03556 per litre.

In addition all fuels are subject to 10% Goods and Services Tax (GST).

The federal government increased the fuel excise tax with effect from 10 November 2014 by restoring CPI indexation to the tax every six months, on 1 February and 1 August.[7] From that date the fuel excise tax increased to 38.6 cents per litre.

There are also a number of various grants and incentive schemes involving tax credits and rebates that generally apply to businesses or industries that rely heavily on the use of fuels, such as transport and aviation. There are also rebates that encourage the production and importation of clean fuels.

Federal budget 2022

For 6 months from April 1 to October 1, the fuel excise was lowered or cut by 50% by the federal budget 2022 to 22.1c per litre for all road fuels.[1][2][3]


The Commonwealth introduced a twice yearly indexation for Consumer Price Index of fuel excise taxes in 1983. In 2001, the Howard government adjusted the excise rates because of the introduction of the GST and stopped the automatic indexation of the fuel excise tax.[8]

The second phase of the Australian Fuel Tax Credits Scheme came into effect on 1 July 2008. Under these changes, all off-road business use of fuel became eligible for subsidies. The changes benefited businesses that do not run large vehicle fleets but consume large amounts of fuel in business processes (such as mining, manufacturing, construction, plant operations) became eligible for a fuel tax credit.

The indexation of the fuel excise tax was reintroduced by the Abbott government from 10 November 2014, with indexation being effected twice a year, on 1 February and 1 August.

State fuel taxes

States no longer apply any fuel taxes. Several states used to levy fuel franchise fees until 1997, when the High Court of Australia ruled in Ha v New South Wales that a licence fee based on the value of tobacco was unconstitutional, as it was an excise tax that only the Commonwealth can levy. The ruling brought into doubt the revenues of the states, and the states removed their fuel taxes. In consequence, the federal government introduced a fuel excise tax and gave the revenue to the states.

Queensland used to provide an 8.354c/L subsidy on most fuels sold in the state, including on unleaded, blended unleaded, LPG and ethanol. The subsidy reflected the lower franchise fee Queensland charged compared to other states prior to 1997. This was usually reflected by an 8.354c/L price difference at the pump, as the subsidy was paid directly to retailers. The subsidy was removed from 1 July 2009.[9]

See also


  1. ^ a b "'Under the pump' truckies say fuel excise shortfall will prolong cost of living pain". ABC News. 6 April 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Fuel excise cut off to a varied start: 2022 Federal Budget". 31 March 2022.
  3. ^ a b Sam Clench; et al. (30 March 2022). "Federal Government slashes petrol price by 22 cents a litre". News. Retrieved 2 May 2023.
  4. ^ "Excise rates for fuel". Retrieved 2 May 2023.
  5. ^ a b c "Excise duty rates for fuel and petroleum products".
  6. ^ "From 1 July 2020".
  7. ^ "Fuel tax credits - changes from 1 July 2014 | Australian Taxation Office". Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  8. ^ Ireland, Ian (2001-06-04). "Excise Tariff Amendment Bill (No. 2) 2001". Bills Digest No. 142 2000-01. Department of the Parliamentary Library. Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  9. ^ "Fuel Subsidy Scheme". Queensland Treasury. 2009-09-30. Archived from the original on 2009-08-10. Retrieved 2009-10-01.