Fulton County
The old courthouse columns at Oak Hill Cemetery
The old courthouse columns at Oak Hill Cemetery
Map of Illinois highlighting Fulton County
Location within the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°29′N 90°13′W / 40.48°N 90.21°W / 40.48; -90.21
Country United States
State Illinois
Founded1823
Named forRobert Fulton
SeatLewistown
Largest cityCanton
Area
 • Total883 sq mi (2,290 km2)
 • Land866 sq mi (2,240 km2)
 • Water17 sq mi (40 km2)  1.9%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total33,609 Decrease
 • Density39/sq mi (15/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districts15th, 17th
Websitewww.fultonco.org

Fulton County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2020 census, it had a population of 33,609.[1] Its county seat is Lewistown,[2] and the largest city is Canton. Fulton County comprises the Canton, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the Peoria-Canton, IL Combined Statistical Area.

History

Fulton County was organized in 1823 from Pike County. It is named for Robert Fulton, developer of the first commercially successful steamboat.[3] American poet and writer Edgar Lee Masters lived in Fulton County during the 1890s; he later became famous for the Spoon River Anthology, written in 1915. Fulton County was home to Camp Ellis during World War II.

The county is known for the annual Spoon River Scenic Drive, which occurs the first 2 weekends in October. This has been a tradition since 1968 and attracts thousands of participants from all over the country.

Fulton County is home to the Ogden-Fettie Site, a significant site for Havana Hopewell Native culture. It is the largest collection of Woodland Mounds in Illinois, with 35 Mounds, dating from 400 BC, arranged in a crescent.

Geography

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 883 square miles (2,290 km2), of which 866 square miles (2,240 km2) is land and 17 square miles (44 km2) (1.9%) is water.[5]

Fulton County is the site of Dickson Mounds Museum, a state museum of Native American daily life in the Illinois River valley.

Climate and weather

Lewistown, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]
Metric conversion
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47
 
 
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97
 
 
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20
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lewistown have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1999 and a record high of 106 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1983. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.85 inches (47 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in May.[6]

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Transportation

Major highways

Airport

The county contains one public-use airport: Ingersoll Airport (CTK), located in Canton.[7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
18301,841
184013,142613.9%
185022,50871.3%
186033,33848.1%
187038,29114.9%
188041,2407.7%
189043,1104.5%
190046,2017.2%
191049,5497.2%
192048,163−2.8%
193043,983−8.7%
194044,6271.5%
195043,716−2.0%
196041,954−4.0%
197041,890−0.2%
198043,6874.3%
199038,080−12.8%
200038,2500.4%
201037,069−3.1%
202033,609−9.3%
2023 (est.)32,541[8]−3.2%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010[13]
2000 census age pyramid for Fulton County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 37,069 people, 14,536 households, and 9,744 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 42.8 inhabitants per square mile (16.5/km2). There were 16,195 housing units at an average density of 18.7 per square mile (7.2/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 93.4% white, 3.4% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 1.6% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.4% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 23.7% were German, 19.1% were American, 14.0% were English, and 13.2% were Irish.[15]

Of the 14,536 households, 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.0% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 41.9 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,268 and the median income for a family was $50,596. Males had a median income of $41,376 versus $28,596 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,309. About 9.9% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.2% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Communities

Cities

Town

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Bases[edit]

Politics

In its early years, Fulton County favored the Democratic Party, being one of the northernmost Democratic counties and the nearest to Yankee, then solidly Republican Northern Illinois. It was never won by a Republican until the Democratic Party moved towards the Populist Party’s policies under William Jennings Bryan, a change which resulted in the county voting Republican except in landslide victories between 1896 and 1960. In that period, Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936 was the solitary Democratic presidential candidate to gain a majority of the county’s vote.

However, the 1964 election saw the county trend Democratic – so much so that Hubert Humphrey gained a narrow plurality in his 1968 election loss. Despite not going Democratic again until 1988, the party would always remain competitive in the county, and between 1988 and 2012 every Democratic presidential candidate gained a majority in Fulton County. However, concern over economic decline in the “Rust Belt” saw Donald Trump produce a dramatic swing in the 2016 election, winning Fulton County by fifteen percentage points and gaining the best GOP record in the county since 1980.

United States presidential election results for Fulton County, Illinois[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 9,867 59.00% 6,503 38.88% 354 2.12%
2016 8,492 53.76% 6,133 38.82% 1,172 7.42%
2012 6,632 43.03% 8,328 54.04% 451 2.93%
2008 6,251 38.19% 9,732 59.45% 386 2.36%
2004 7,818 45.89% 9,080 53.30% 137 0.80%
2000 6,936 42.61% 8,940 54.92% 401 2.46%
1996 5,155 32.82% 8,857 56.39% 1,694 10.79%
1992 5,062 28.60% 9,725 54.94% 2,914 16.46%
1988 6,999 43.45% 9,046 56.16% 63 0.39%
1984 9,147 49.77% 9,131 49.69% 99 0.54%
1980 10,316 54.42% 7,481 39.46% 1,160 6.12%
1976 9,588 50.23% 9,314 48.79% 188 0.98%
1972 12,328 61.80% 7,529 37.74% 92 0.46%
1968 9,582 46.72% 9,622 46.92% 1,305 6.36%
1964 7,785 37.40% 13,030 62.60% 0 0.00%
1960 11,999 53.93% 10,194 45.81% 58 0.26%
1956 12,375 58.58% 8,702 41.19% 48 0.23%
1952 13,302 61.13% 8,414 38.67% 44 0.20%
1948 9,504 53.00% 8,226 45.87% 203 1.13%
1944 11,117 54.96% 8,946 44.22% 166 0.82%
1940 12,816 50.80% 12,198 48.35% 214 0.85%
1936 10,130 43.25% 12,864 54.92% 428 1.83%
1932 7,579 36.77% 12,144 58.92% 888 4.31%
1928 10,600 59.95% 6,591 37.28% 489 2.77%
1924 8,664 48.35% 5,011 27.96% 4,246 23.69%
1920 9,523 59.25% 5,293 32.93% 1,256 7.81%
1916 9,735 48.50% 8,686 43.28% 1,650 8.22%
1912 3,334 27.33% 3,902 31.98% 4,965 40.69%
1908 6,077 50.54% 4,906 40.80% 1,042 8.67%
1904 6,373 56.67% 3,791 33.71% 1,082 9.62%
1900 6,130 50.16% 5,762 47.15% 329 2.69%
1896 6,195 50.35% 5,979 48.60% 129 1.05%
1892 4,948 45.72% 5,253 48.54% 621 5.74%

In popular culture

The fictional town of Lanford, Illinois in the sitcom Roseanne is set in Fulton County.

See also

Notes

References

Specific
  1. ^ "Fulton County, Illinois". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 133.
  4. ^ White, Jesse. Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties. State of Illinois, March 2010. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on August 6, 2012. Retrieved September 26, 2012.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lewistown IL". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on October 23, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  7. ^ "Fulton County Public and Private Airports". www.tollfreeairline.com. Archived from the original on October 18, 2011.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2023". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 2, 2024.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 11, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  13. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved July 5, 2014.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  15. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the United States – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  16. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018.
General

40°29′N 90°13′W / 40.48°N 90.21°W / 40.48; -90.21