Further and Higher Education Act 1992
Act of Parliament
Long titleAn Act to make new provision about further and higher education.
Citation1992 c. 13
Introduced byKenneth Clarke (Commons)
Lord Belstead[1] (Lords)
Territorial extent England and Wales
Royal assent6 March 1992
Commencement6 May 1992 to 1 August 1996 (see list)
Status: Amended
Records of Parliamentary debate relating to the statute from Hansard
Text of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk.

The Further and Higher Education Act 1992 made changes in the funding and administration of further education and higher education within England and Wales, with consequential effects on associated matters in Scotland which had previously been governed by the same legislation as England and Wales. It was introduced during the First Major ministry.

The most visible result was to allow thirty-five polytechnics to become universities (often referred to as the "new universities" or "post-1992 universities"). A goal of the act was to end the distinction – known as the "binary divide" – between colleges and universities.[2]

In addition, the act created bodies to fund higher education in England—HEFCE—and further education—FEFC. Universities in Scotland and Wales which had previously been funded by the UK-wide Universities Funding Council were the subject of other acts that created higher education funding councils in each country. The act also removed colleges of further education from local government control, and created quality assessment arrangements.[3][4]

See also


  1. ^ "Further And Higher Education Bill Hl - Hansard". hansard.parliament.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ Ratcliffe, Mike (12 April 2017). "The end of the binary divide: reflections on 25 years of the 1992 Act". Wonkhe. Retrieved 8 January 2021.
  3. ^ "Richards, Huw, "The collision of two worlds", Times Higher Education (December 5, 1997)". Timeshighereducation.co.uk. 5 December 1997. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
  4. ^ "Further and Higher Education Act 1992". Oxford Reference. Retrieved 8 January 2021.