Fusa kommune
View of the Sævareidfjorden
View of the Sævareidfjorden
Official logo of Fusa kommune
Fusa within Hordaland
Fusa within Hordaland
Coordinates: 60°14′50″N 05°48′26″E / 60.24722°N 5.80722°E / 60.24722; 5.80722Coordinates: 60°14′50″N 05°48′26″E / 60.24722°N 5.80722°E / 60.24722; 5.80722
CountryNorway
CountyHordaland
DistrictMidhordland
Established1856
 • Preceded byOs Municipality
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
 • Succeeded byBjørnafjorden Municipality
Administrative centreEikelandsosen
Government
 • Mayor (2009-2019)Atle Kvåle (Ap)
Area
 (upon dissolution)
 • Total377.84 km2 (145.88 sq mi)
 • Land353.71 km2 (136.57 sq mi)
 • Water24.13 km2 (9.32 sq mi)  6.4%
 • Rank#247 in Norway
Population
 (2019)
 • Total3,895
 • Rank#234 in Norway
 • Density11.0/km2 (28/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +3.9%
Demonym(s)Fusing[1]
Official language
 • Norwegian formNynorsk
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1241
WebsiteOfficial website

Fusa (Urban East Norwegian: [ˈfʉ̂ːsɑ]) is a former municipality in the old Hordaland county, Norway. It existed from 1856 until its dissolution in 2020. It was located east of the city of Bergen in the Midhordland region. The administrative centre of the municipality was the village of Eikelandsosen. Other villages in the municipality include Fusa, Holdhus, Holmefjord, Vinnes, Strandvik, and Sundvord. The Frank Mohn company's Fusa marine division is headquartered here, with almost 500 employees. On 1 January 2020, the municipality became part of the new Bjørnafjorden Municipality in Vestland county.

Prior to its dissolution in 2020, the 378-square-kilometre (146 sq mi) municipality was the 247th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Fusa was the 234th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 3,895. The municipality's population density is 11 inhabitants per square kilometre (28/sq mi) and its population has increased by 3.9% over the last decade.[3]

General information

View of the Fusafjorden
View of the Fusafjorden
Historic church in Holdhus
Historic church in Holdhus

The district of Fusa was separated from the municipality of Os in 1856 to become a separate municipality. Initially, Fusa had 3,173 residents. On 1 January 1903, the municipality of Fusa was divided into three separate municipalities: Hålandsdal in the east (population: 647), Strandvik in the south (population: 1,876), and a much smaller Fusa in the west (population: 1,072).

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964, there were two changes to Fusa municipality. The Bogstrand area of Fusa, located on the west side of the Fusafjorden (population: 28) was transferred to the municipality of Os. Also on that date, the municipalities of Hålandsdal (population: 528) and Strandvik (population: 2,053) were merged with Fusa (population: 1,466) to form a much larger municipality of Fusa.[4]

On 1 January 2020, the neighboring municipalities of Os and Fusa were merged to form the new Bjørnafjorden Municipality.[5]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Fusa farm (Old Norse: Fúsar), since the first Fusa Church was built there. The name may be derived from the Old Norse word fúss which means "eager" (possibly referring to a strong stream). The name may instead have been derived from the old verb fusa, which had some meaning referring to running water. Until 1918, the name was written Fuse.[6]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 27 September 1991. The arms show three blue spirals on a gray background. They symbolise the strong currents in the Fusafjorden and Bjørnafjorden. The spirals also symbolise the many giant's kettles (jettegryte) in the municipality, which were created by the water in the rocks.[7]

Churches

The Church of Norway had one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Fusa. It is part of the Hardanger og Voss prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.

Churches in Fusa
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Fusa Fusa Church Fusa 1961
Holdhus Church Holdhus 1726
Hålandsdal Church Eide in Hålandsdal 1890
Strandvik Church Strandvik 1857
Sundvor Church Sundvord 1927

Geography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19511,514—    
19601,516+0.1%
19703,916+158.3%
19803,765−3.9%
19903,727−1.0%
20003,684−1.2%
20103,823+3.8%
20173,895+1.9%
Source: Statistics Norway.

Fusa was located at the inner end of the Bjørnafjorden and its small arm, the Fusafjorden. The municipality of Os was located across the fjord to the west, Samnanger Municipality was to the north, Kvam Municipality was to the east, and Kvinnherad Municipality was to the south. Lakes in Fusa included Gjønavatnet, Skogseidvatnet, and Henangervatnet.

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Fusa, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[8] The municipality falls under the Bergen District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Fusa was made up of 21 representatives that are elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Fusa Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Fusa Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [10]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:21
Fusa Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
Total number of members:25
Fusa Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Cross-Party Common List (Tverrpolitisk Samlingsliste)4
Total number of members:25
Fusa Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [9]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)1
 Cross-Party Common List (Tverrpolitisk Samlingsliste)4
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [11]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Common list (Samlingslista)5
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [12]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Common list (Samlingslista)5
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)4
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
 Local list for Strandvik/Vinnes, Skjørsand, and Fusa
(Bygdeliste for Strandvik/Vinnes, Skjørsand og Fusa)
6
 Common list (Samlingslista)1
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Liberal People's Party (Liberale Folkepartiet)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)5
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Local list for Strandvik, Vinnes, Skjørsand, and Fusa
(Bygdelista for Strandvik, Vinnes, Skjørsand og Fusa)
5
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)5
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Joint list of the Liberal Party (Venstre) and
New People's Party (Nye Folkepartiet)
5
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)6
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)7
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:29
Fusa Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)26
Total number of members:29
Fusa Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:15
Fusa Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:15
Fusa Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:12
Fusa Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:12
Fusa Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:12
Fusa Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)10
Total number of members:12
Note: Due to the German occupation of Norway during World War II, no elections were held for new municipal councils until after the war ended in 1945.

Mayor

In 2007, Fusa participated in a trial where the mayor was directly elected. The sitting mayor, Hans S. Vindenes, won the election with 51.8% of the votes.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ "Bjørnafjorden kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-26.
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1919). Norske gaardnavne: Nordre Bergenhus amt (in Norwegian) (12 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 184, 189.
  7. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
  8. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  9. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  10. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Hordaland". Valg Direktoratet. Retrieved 2020-02-02.
  11. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  12. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  13. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  14. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  16. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  17. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  18. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  19. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-14.