Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation
Native name
三菱ふそうトラック・バス株式会社
Company typePrivate
IndustryCommercial vehicles
Founded1932; 92 years ago (1932)
2003; 21 years ago (2003) (Independent)
Headquarters10 Ōkura-chō, ,
Japan
Key people
ProductsBuses and trucks
Revenue$7.6 billion (2010)
Owners
Number of employees
About 10,000 (December 2015)[1]
ParentDaimler Truck
SubsidiariesFuso Trucks America
Websitemitsubishi-fuso.com

The Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (Japanese: 三菱ふそうトラック・バス株式会社, Hepburn: Mitsubishi Fusō Torakku・Basu Kabushiki gaisha) is a Japanese manufacturer of trucks and buses. It is headquartered in Kawasaki, Kanagawa and owned by Germany-based Daimler Truck.[2]

Fuso derives from the ancient Chinese term fusang (扶桑), for a sacred tree said to grow at the spot in the east where the sun rises, and has been used to refer to Japan itself. The actual fuso tree is a hibiscus.

History

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

In 1932, the first B46 bus (the Fuso) was built at the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Company's Kobe Works. Two years later (1934), the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Company was renamed Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI). Three years after that (1937), the MHI motor-vehicle operations at the Kobe Works were transferred to the Tokyo Works. In 1949, the Fuso Motors Sales Company was established.

In 1950, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries was split into three companies:

Two years later (1952):

Products from the companies were distributed by Mitsubishi Fuso Motor Sales because of brand recognition.

Mitsubishi Fuso Heavy Industries.

In 1957, MNHI integrated the Tokyo and Kawasaki Works into the Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works. Seven years later (1964), these three companies merged to form Mitsubishi Fuso Heavy Industries;

Distribution

Mitsubishi Fuso Motors Sales split into two divisions: Shin and Fuso Motors Sales Company.

Sharing a logo, they split the distribution of heavy and light machinery; Shin distributed light machinery branded as Mitsubishi, and Fuso distributed heavy machinery branded as Fuso.

Mitsubishi Motor Company

In 1970, MFHI signed a joint-venture agreement with Chrysler Corporation, establishing the Mitsubishi Motors Corporation (MMC), and MFHI transferred its motor-vehicle operations to MMC.

In 1975, MMC opened the Nakatsu Plant at its Tokyo Motor Vehicle Works; five years later, it opened the Kitsuregawa Proving Grounds. Four years after that, MMC merged with Mitsubishi Motor Sales Company.

In 1985, MMC and Mitsubishi Corporation established the joint-equity company Mitsubishi Trucks of America in the United States. Eight years later, MMC and Chrysler dissolved their equity partnership. The following year, MMC and Mitsubishi joined to design, build, and distribute the Mitsubishi Lancer.

In 1999, MMC and Volvo joined their truck and bus operations, and Volvo acquired 5% of MMC. Two years later, DaimlerChrysler, formed after Chrysler had merged with Mercedes-Benz owners Daimler-Benz, replaced Volvo as MMC's truck and bus partner and MMC renamed the Tokyo Plant the Truck and Bus Production Office (also known as the Kawasaki Plant).

Daimler Truck

In 2003, the Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (MFTBC) was established. DaimlerChrysler, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation, and other Mitsubishi companies acquired 43, 42. and 15% shares, respectively, in MFTBC.

In 2005, Mitsubishi Motors Corporation transferred its MFTBC shares to DaimlerChrysler as part of their compensation agreement for financial damages resulting from quality problems and recalls at MFTBC. DaimlerChrysler and the Mitsubishi companies hold shares of 89 and 11%, respectively. In 2006, MFTBC moved its headquarters from Tokyo to Kawasaki-shi, Kanagawa; the following year, DaimlerChrysler sold its majority stake in Chrysler Corporation to Cerberus Capital Management. The corporation was renamed Daimler AG (now the Mercedes-Benz Group) and the DaimlerChrysler Truck Group was renamed Daimler Truck, with MFTBC part of the it.

On May 27, 2020, Mitsubishi Fuso Truck of America announced it is discontinuing new truck sales. The move is a result of a re-evaluation by Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corp. of its business situation in the United States and Canada, according to the announcement, as the company shifts to a service-focused operation in these markets.[3]

In May 2023, Fuso and its parent Daimler Truck signed a memorandum of understanding with Hino and its parent Toyota for a plan of merging Hino and Fuso into a publicly traded holding company with "equal investment" from both Toyota and Daimler Truck.[4]

Facilities

Fuso trucks are developed and built primarily at these Japanese facilities:

Mitsubishi Fuso Canter work-trucks are manufactured in Indonesia, Egypt, Tramagal (Portugal), the Philippines, Venezuela, Turkey, and Russia. They are marketed in Japan, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and a number of other Asian countries, as well as in the United States.

Fuso trucks are also manufactured in India at the Daimler India Commercial Vehicles plant in Oragadam, near Chennai. Those vehicles are sold in East Africa and Southeast Asia.[6] Mitsubishi Fuso's European marketing and sales headquarters is in Stuttgart.

Products

Fuso Fighter in Hong Kong, 2013
Fuso FK fire engine
Fuso FJ rigid truck, made in India, at the International Motor Show 2014 in Hanover, Germany

Van

Trucks

Buses and chassis

Electric transport

The Mitsubishi Fuso Aero Star diesel-electric bus is being tested in Japan. According to the company, it can reduce fuel consumption by as much as 30%.[8] The Aero Star uses a series hybrid drive, where its diesel engine drives an electric generator to recharge lithium-ion batteries[9] connected to the two electric motors with a combined output of 158 kW, which propel the vehicle.[2] Series hybrids are efficient on urban buses.[9] Opposed to the buses the Mitsubishi Fuso Canter Eco Hybrid uses a parallel hybrid system with an electric Motor-generator on the transmission input shaft. This system maintains better efficiency gains at higher speeds.

Global distribution

Outside Japan, vehicles manufactured by the corporation are sold in:

References

  1. ^ "Corporate profile". Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
  2. ^ a b [1] Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ says, Nelson (2020-05-27). "Mitsubishi Fuso to discontinue new truck sales in North America". Truck News. Retrieved 2021-05-13.
  4. ^ Leggett, David (2023-05-30). "Daimler, Mitsubishi, Hino and Toyota come together in truck deal". Just Auto. Retrieved 2023-05-30.
  5. ^ Mitsubishi Fuso Plant Archived September 23, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b Daimler Trucks Operations in Asia Premieres FUSO FJ Archived 2014-11-04 at the Wayback Machine Fuso Press release, September 24, 2014. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  7. ^ "Ghabbour Auto". Ghabbour Auto. April 19, 2012. Retrieved May 4, 2016.
  8. ^ [2] Archived November 16, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ a b [3] Archived November 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine

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