Location in Guangdong
|• Total||78.8 km2 (30.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|Hanyu Pinyin||Fútián Qū|
|Literal meaning||"Blessed fields"|
Futian District (simplified Chinese: 福田区; traditional Chinese: 福田區; pinyin: Fútián Qū; Jyutping: fuk1tin4 keoi1) is one of the nine districts comprising the city of Shenzhen, China. The district is home to the government and Municipal Committee of Shenzhen, as well as the city's central business district (CBD).
There are two theories concerning the origin of the district's name:
Luohu District was established in April 1979, one month after Shenzhen was promoted to city status. Futian, and another area called Fucheng (附城), became communes within the Luohu District.
Futian became part of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone after it was designated in 1980. It then became a subdistrict under the district of Shangbu (上步).
Futian, along with Nanshan, was promoted to district status in October 1990. The Shangbu district, which had governed the Futian subdistrict the previous decade, became a part of the Futian district. The district government was established on Shennan Middle Road.
Rapid urbanization occurred in the late 20th century; the agricultural land which once made up a vast majority of Luohu had shrunk to an area of only 12.26 km2 (4.73 sq mi) by 2003.
The Central Business District (CBD) of Shenzhen is a planned development project that began in the early 1990s. Located within the Futian district, it comprises an area of 607 hectares. The four sides of the district are delineated by Binhe Dadao, Lianhua Road, Xinzhou Road and Caitian Road.
Many office high-rises and government buildings are located in the CBD, some of which are prominent buildings in Shenzhen, such as the Shenzhen City Hall (Civic Center), Shenzhen Library, Shenzhen Concert Hall, Shenzhen Development Bank building and the Shenzhen Convention and Exhibition Center. Located directly north of the CBD is Lianhuashan Park.
There are numerous skyscrapers in the CBD such as the SEG Tower, China Merchants Bank Tower, the twin towers of East Pacific Center, and the 600 m (1969 ft) Ping An Finance Center, which is the second tallest building in China and the fourth tallest in the world.
Wal-Mart China has its headquarters in Towers 2 and 3 of SZITIC Square[note 1] in Futian District.
The headquarters of OnePlus is in the Tairan Building [note 2] in Chegongmiao [note 3], Futian District.
Everbright International has its Shenzhen Offices in Oriental Xintiandi Plaza[note 4] in Futian District.
The hotel chain Vienna Hotels formerly had its headquarters in Lüjing Garden,[note 5] Futian District.
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Canton Romanization||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Shatou Subdistrict||沙头街道||Shātóu Jiēdào||sa1 teo4 gai1 dou6||226,061||18.90|
|Nanyuan Subdistrict||南园街道||Nányuán Jiēdào||nam4 yun4 gai1 dou6||108,398||3.00|
|Yuanling Subdistrict||园岭街道||Yuánlǐng Jiēdào||yun4 léng5 gai1 dou6||88,261||3.67|
|Huafu Subdistrict||华富街道||Huáfù Jiēdào||wa4 fu3 gai1 dou6||70,834||5.75|
|Futian Subdistrict||福田街道||Fútián Jiēdào||fug1 tin4 gai1 dou6||234,861||12.25|
|Xiangmihu Subdistrict||香蜜湖街道||Xiāngmìhú Jiēdào||hêng1 med6 wu4 gai1 dou6||89,471||9.98|
|Lianhua Subdistrict||莲花街道||Liánhuā Jiēdào||lin4 fa1 gai1 dou6||168,392||9.60|
|Meilin Subdistrict||梅林街道||Méilín Jiēdào||mui4 lem4 gai1 dou6||168,506||34.30|
|Huaqiangbei Subdistrict||华强北街道||Huáqiángběi Jiēdào||wa4 kêng4 beg1 gai1 dou6||54,067||2.90|
|Fubao Subdistrict||福保街道||Fúbǎo Jiēdào||fug1 bou2 gai1 dou6||106,811||3.75|
Futian is currently served by nine metro lines operated by Shenzhen Metro. These lines and their stations and connections are:
Futian is currently served by the Futian Railway station, with the high speed rail from Guangzhou to Hong Kong.
Central Walk Shopping Mall[note 6]
The mall is located at the Convention and Exhibition Center metro station and features three levels of shopping, entertainment, and dining.
COCO Park is an upscale retail complex in Futian Central Business District. Aside from a shopping mall, it also features a popular street bar, large open public spaces and restaurants.
Huaqiangbei is known for its electronics market, the largest of its kind in China. It also offers a variety of men's and women's fashions, shoes, bags and leather goods.
See also: List of schools in Futian District
There are now[when?] 83 schools delivering primary and secondary education holding 111,982 students and 11,503 teaching staff. Futian is also home to 140 kindergartens.
Secondary schools (in Chinese the term "中学", literally meaning "middle school", is used, and often they are called "middle schools" in English in China) include those operated by the Shenzhen municipal government and by the Futian district government.
Schools operated by the Shenzhen municipal government in Futian District include:
Schools operated by the Futian District government include:
QSI International School of Shenzhen previously had a campus in Honeylake, Futian District, adjacent to the Shenzhen Celebrities Club.
Futian District is the location of the University of Hong Kong–Shenzhen Hospital, a municipally-funded public teaching hospital.
Main article: Futian Port
One of the immigration control points that lies within Futian is known as the Futian Port. Its counterpart in Hong Kong is Lok Ma Chau Spur Line Control Point, connected through a pedestrian bridge. The port is served by Futian Checkpoint Station on the Shenzhen Metro, itself being located within the port building.
Main article: Huanggang Port Control Point
Another immigration checkpoint is located 150 m east of Futian Port. This is the only one of the six immigration checkpoints between Shenzhen and Hong Kong that is open 24 hours. The crossing is highway-only and used mostly by trucks and busses, with the mainland and Hong Kong crossings being on opposite sides of a bridge over the Shenzhen River. Its counterpart in Hong Kong is Lok Ma Chau Control Point. It also marks the terminus of the G4 Beijing–Hong Kong and Macau Expressway.
Postal address: F18, Block C, Tairan Building, Tairan 8th Road, Chegongmiao, Futian District, Shenzhen, China, Zip Code: 518040// Address in Chinese: "快递地址：中国深圳市福田区车公庙泰然八路泰然大厦C座18楼，邮编: 518040"
25/F., Block A, Oriental Xintiandi Plaza, No. 1003 Shennan Avenue, Futian, Shenzhen, China- Traditional Chinese address: " 深圳市福田區深南大道1003號東方新天地廣場A座25樓" - Simplified Chinese address: "深圳市福田区深南大道1003号东方新天地广场A座25楼"
中心校区（南）：深圳市福田区春田路2号 中心校区（北）：深圳市福田区泽田路8号[...]南 校 区：深圳市福田区农林路28号
Add: 4 Baihua Road 6, Futian District, Shenzhen (深圳市福田区百花六路四号)
Add: 2005 Hongli Road, Futian District, Shenzhen (Junior High School Department) （深圳市福田区红荔路2005号）
Add: In the east of Yitiancun housing estate, Yitian Road, Futian District, Shenzhen (Junior High School Department) (深圳市福田区益田路益田村住宅区东部)
Add: 16 Baihua Road 2, Baishaling, Futian District, Shenzhen (south of Shenzhen Gymnasium) (深圳市福田区白沙岭百花二路16号，体育馆南侧)
Add: 3009 Huanggang Road, Futian District, Shenzhen (深圳市福田区皇岗路3009号)
学校地址：深圳市福田区福强路1007号（福强校区） [...] 学校地址：深圳市福田区职教街10号（侨城校区）
Add: 1007 Fuqiang Road, Futian District, Shenzhen (Fuqiang Campus) (深圳市福田区福强路1007号) 10 Zhijiao Street, Futian District, Shenzhen (Qiaocheng Campus) (深圳市福田区职教街10号)